Ayşe Bala Akal

Research Assistant

Research Interests

  • ​EU Migration Policies
  • Externalization of Refugee Protection
  • Hostile Environments
  • Humanitarian Crises
  • Ethics of Humanitarian Negotiation
  • Peacebuilding


Ayse is a research assistant involved in the following projects under the supervision of Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert and Kristoffer Lidèn:

  • Humanitarianism, Borders, and the Governance of Mobility: The EU and the 'Migration Crisis' (humBORDER)
  • Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies (NCHS)
  • Aligning Migration Management and the Migration-Development Nexus (MIGNEX)
  • On Fair Terms: The Ethics of Peace Negotiations and Mediation (FAIR)
  • Red Lines and Grey Zones: Exploring the Ethics of Humanitarian Negotiation (RedLines)

  • 2020: LLM in International Criminal and Humanitarian Law), University of Oslo
  • 2017: BA in Law, Istanbul University

Languages Spoken: 
English, Turkish and Russian


PRIO started tracking events online in 2007. This listing is not complete. Past events may be mentioned in our news archive.


All Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Akal, Ayşe Bala (2022) Third Country Processing Regimes and the Violation of the Principle of Non-Refoulement: a Case Study of Australia’s Pacific Solution, Journal of International Migration and Integration. DOI: 10.1007/s12134-022-00948-z.

Popular Article

Akal, Ayşe Bala & Mathias Hatleskog Tjønn (2022) Rerouting Europe-bound refugees to the Global South ignores their human rights, Peace News Network, 29 July.
Akal, Ayşe Bala (2021) European Union-Belarus Border Crisis: Why the narrative of “hybrid warfare” is dangerous, RLI Blog on Refugee Law and Forced Migration, 18 November.
Akal, Ayşe Bala (2021) Denmark leading the race to the bottom: Hostility as a form of migration control, RLI Blog on Refugee Law and Forced Migration, 29 September.

PRIO Policy Brief

Bala Akal, Ayşe & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2021) The EU and Offshore Asylum Processing: Why Looking to Australia Is Not a Way Forward, PRIO Policy Brief, 7. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - External Series

Akal, Ayşe Bala (2022) Tacit engagement as a form of remote management: Risk aversity in the face of sanctions regimes, NCHS Paper. Oslo: Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies.

Blog Posts

European Union-Belarus Border Crisis: Why the narrative of “hybrid warfare” is dangerous

Posted by Ayse Bala Akal on Wednesday, 24 November 2021

The 2021 EU-Belarus border crisis was preceded by a rapid deterioration of the already strained European Union (EU)-Belarus relations, in most part due to the Ryanair 4978 incident and the concomitant wide-ranging sanctions imposed by the EU on the authoritarian government of the Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko, who has often been referred by the media ... Read more »