Coordinator: Wenche Iren Hauge

​​This research group has adopted a rather broad definition of peacebuilding, in line with the UN Security Council's resolution in 2001 (S/PRST/2001/5). This resolution changes the definition of peacebuilding from focusing explicitly on post-war activities to stating that 'peacebuilding is aimed at preventing the outbreak, the recurrence or continuation of armed conflict'. The Peacebuilding research group is multidisciplinary, constituted by historians, political scientists, human geographers, philosophers, sociologists, and anthropologists.

​Whereas much of the academic and political debate on peacebuilding has focused on definitions, strategies, and context, there have been fewer debates on the peacebuilders –  or on the actors in peacebuilding. There are many types of peacebuilders: international, regional, national, local, men, women - and even children. The question of who takes the initiative to participate - or who is (or is not) invited to participate in a peacebuilding process - raises several new questions about ethics, motivation, legitimacy, representativity, resources, capabilities and efficiency.​

Who the peacebuilders are influences the agenda and the content of peacebuilding. Specific strategic interests are often the driving forces behind the participation of both international and national actors. This often sets the premises for what the peacebuilding process is going to be about – security issues and/or political issues – or more seldom – socio-economic improvements and reconciliation. The relationship between the actors' vested interests and the content of peacebuilding will be an important focus area of this research group. 


Current Projects

Past Projects

Research Group News

Past Events


Recent publications

Hirblinger, Andreas; Julie Marie Hansen; Kristian Hoelscher; Åshild Kolås; Kristoffer Lidén & Bruno Oliveira Martins (2022) Digital Peacebuilding: A Framework for Critical–Reflexive Engagement, International Studies Perspectives. DOI: 10.1093/isp/ekac015.
Gómez Triana, David Felipe (2022) Dinámicas de la violencia en los llanos orientales tras la firma del acuerdo de paz con las FARC-EP [Violence Dynamics in the Western Region after the Peace Agreement with FARC-EP], in Jerónimo Rios Sierra, ed., Donde está la paz territorial? Violencia(s) y conflict armado tras el Acuerdo de Paz con las FARC-EP. Madrid: SILEX Universidad (141–170).

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Hirblinger, Andreas; Julie Marie Hansen; Kristian Hoelscher; Åshild Kolås; Kristoffer Lidén & Bruno Oliveira Martins (2022) Digital Peacebuilding: A Framework for Critical–Reflexive Engagement, International Studies Perspectives. DOI: 10.1093/isp/ekac015.
Dyrstad, Karin; Kristin M. Bakke & Helga Malmin Binningsbø (2021) Perceptions of Peace Agreements and Political Trust in Post-War Guatemala, Nepal, and Northern Ireland, International Peacekeeping. DOI: 10.1080/13533312.2020.1869541.
Dyrstad, Karin & Solveig Hillesund (2020) Explaining Support for Political Violence: Grievance and Perceived Opportunity, Journal of Conflict Resolution 64(9): 1724–1753.
Jensehaugen, Jørgen (2019) Smokescreen Diplomacy: Excluding the Palestinians by Self-Rule, The Middle East Journal 73(2): 224–241.
Dyrstad, Karin & Helga Malmin Binningsbø (2019) Between Punishment and Impunity: Public Support for Reactions against Perpetrators in Guatemala, Nepal and Northern Ireland, International Journal of Transitional Justice. DOI: 10.1093/ijtj/ijy032: 1–30.
Kolås, Åshild (2018) Northeast Indian Enigmas, Alternatives: Global, Local, Political 42(3): 99–106.
Waage, Hilde Henriksen & Jørgen Jensehaugen (2018) Å forhandle bort Palestina [Negotiating away Palestine], Babylon - Nordisk tidsskrift for Midtøstenstudier 16(2): 142–153.
Upreti, Bishnu Raj; Sharmila Shivakoti & Kohinoor Bharati (2018) Frustrated and Confused: Mapping the Socio-political Struggles of Female Ex-combatants in Nepal, Journal of International Women's Studies 19(4): 32–52.
Fangen, Katrine & Åshild Kolås (2016) The "Syria traveller": Reintegration or legal sanctioning?, Critical Studies on Terrorism 9(3): 414–432.
Kumar, Samrat Schmiem & Elida K. U. Jacobsen (2016) Cultures of Peace in India: Local visions, global values and possibilities for social change, Peaceworks 1(6): 1–13.
Lidén, Kristoffer; Nona Mikhelidze; Elena B. Stavrevska & Birte Vogel (2016) EU support to civil society organizations in conflict-ridden countries: A governance perspective from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus and Georgia, International Peacekeeping 23(2): 274–301.
Rolandsen, Øystein H. (2015) Small and Far Between: Peacekeeping Economies in South Sudan, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding 9(3): 353–371.
Hauge, Wenche Iren; Rachelle Doucet & Alain Gilles (2015) Building peace from below – the potential of local models of conflict prevention in Haiti, Conflict, Security & Development 15(3): 259–282.
Kolås, Åshild (2015) Framing the tribal: Ethnic violence in Northeast India, Asian Ethnicity 18(1): 22–37.
Binningsbø, Helga Malmin (2013) Power sharing, peace and democracy: Any obvious relationships?, International Area Studies Review 16(1): 89–112.
Nordås, Ragnhild & Siri Aas Rustad (2013) Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Peacekeepers: Understanding Variation, International Interactions 39(4): 511–534.
Binningsbø, Helga Malmin; Cyanne Loyle ; Scott Gates & Jon Elster (2012) Armed Conflict and Post-Conflict Justice, 1946–2006: A Dataset, Journal of Peace Research 49(5): 731–740.
Olsson, Louise & Anna K. Jarstad (2012) Hybrid Peace Ownership in Afghanistan: International Perspectives of Who Owns What and When, Global Governance 18(1).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2012) The Transnationalization of the Taliban, International Area Studies Review 15(3): 203–229.
Binningsbø, Helga Malmin & Siri Aas Rustad (2012) Sharing the Wealth: A Pathway to Peace or a Trail to Nowhere?, Conflict Management and Peace Science 29(5): 547–566.
Rolandsen, Øystein H. & Ingrid Marie Breidlid (2012) A Critical Analysis of Cultural Explanations for the Violence in Jonglei State, South Sudan, Conflict Trends(1): 49–56.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2011) Madagascar between Peace and Conflict - Domestic Capabilities for Peaceful Conflict Management, Conflict, Security and Development 11(5): 509–531.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Inger Skjelsbæk (2010) Tilslørt fredspolitikk [Blurred Peace Policy], Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift 27(4): 379–388.
Thoresen, Beate (2009) Rebellion Without a Shot—Peaceful Conflict Management in Ecuador, Conflict, Security & Development 9(3): 361–385.
Binningsbø, Helga Malmin & Kendra Dupuy (2009) Using Power-Sharing to Win a War: The Implementation of the Lomé Agreement in Sierra Leone, Africa Spectrum 44(3): 87–107.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Hanne Eggen Røislien (2008) Faithful Brokers? Potentials and Pitfalls of Religion in Peacemaking, Conflict Resolution Quarterly 25(3): 351–373.
Suhrke, Astri; Kristian Berg Harpviken & Arne Strand (2002) After Bonn: Conflictual Peacebuilding, Third World Quarterly 23(5): 875–891.

PhD Thesis

Lidén, Kristoffer (2014) Between Intervention and Sovereignty: Ethics of Liberal Peacebuilding and the Philosophy of Global Governance. PhD thesis, Department of Philosophy, Classics, History of Art and Ideas, University of Oslo, Oslo.

Book Chapter

Gómez Triana, David Felipe (2022) Dinámicas de la violencia en los llanos orientales tras la firma del acuerdo de paz con las FARC-EP [Violence Dynamics in the Western Region after the Peace Agreement with FARC-EP], in Jerónimo Rios Sierra, ed., Donde está la paz territorial? Violencia(s) y conflict armado tras el Acuerdo de Paz con las FARC-EP. Madrid: SILEX Universidad (141–170).
Kolås, Åshild (2022) On the Road to Peace: Wenche Iren Hauge, in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (255-266).
Krause, Jana & Louise Olsson (2022) Women’s Participation in Peace Processes, in MacGinty, Roger; & Anthony Wanis-St.John, eds, Contemporary Peacemaking: Conflict, Violence and Peace Processes. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.
Lidén, Kristoffer (2021) The Ethics of Liberal Peacebuilding, in Richmond, Oliver P.; & Gëzim Visoka, eds, The Oxford Handbook of Peacebuilding, Statebuilding, and Peace Formation. Oxford: Oxford University Press (42–58).
Nilsen, Marte (2019) No Peace in a Ceasefire: Women's Agency in the Kachin Conflict, in Åshild Kolås, ed., Women Peace and Security in Myanmar: Between Feminism and Ethnopolitics. London: Routledge (58–73).
Kolås, Åshild (2017) Introduction: Basque sovereignty revisited, in Kolås, Åshild; & Pedro Ibarra Güell, eds, Sovereignty Revisited: the Basque Case. London: Routledge (1-19).
Upadhyaya, Priyankar (2017) Women’s Rights and Empowerment: The Indian Context, in Åshild Kolås, ed., Women, Peace and Security in Northeast India. New Delhi: Zubaan Books.
Kolås, Åshild (2016) Sovereignty at the Frontiers: Contests and Contradictions, in Dilip Gogoi, ed., Unheeded Hinterland: Identity and Sovereignty In Northeast India. New Delhi: Routledge India (17–29).
Kolås, Åshild (2015) Introduction. Writing the “Reindeer Ewenki”, in Reclaiming the Forest. the Ewenki Reindeer Herders of Aoluguya. Oxford: Berghahn (1–17).
Lidén, Kristoffer & Henrik Syse (2015) The Politics of Peace and Law: Realism, Internationalism and the Cosmopolitan Challenge, in Larsen, Kjetil M. ; & Cecilia Bailliet, eds, Promoting Peace Through International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press (21–42).
Kolås, Åshild (2015) Ambiguities of the Aoluguya Ewenki, in Reclaiming the Forest. the Ewenki Reindeer Herders of Aoluguya. Oxford: Berghahn (61–76).
Kolås, Åshild (2014) Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding: Ideas, Approaches and Debates, in Kumar, Samrat Schmiem; & Priyankar Upadhyaya, eds, Peace and Conflict - the South Asian Experience. New Delhi: Cambridge University Press India (1–22).
Hudson, Heidi (2014) The ANC in perspective: Agents, structures and the politics of change, in Kwandiwe Kondlo, ed., Treading the waters of history: Perspectives on the ANC. Pretoria: Africa Institute of SOuth Africa (196–).
Rolandsen, Øystein H. (2013) Sudan: The role of foreign involvement in the shaping and implementation of the Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement, in Eriksson, Mikael; & Roland Kostić, eds, Mediation and Liberal Peacebuilding: Peace from the Ashes of War?. London: Routledge (76–91).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2012) Warlordism: Three Biographies From Southeastern Afghanistan, in Suhrke, Astri; & Mats Berdal, eds, The Peace In Between: Post-War Violence and Peacebuilding. London: Routledge (173–191).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2012) Blodig Møteplass i et Splittet Nabolag, in Dyndal, Gjert Lage; & Torbjørn L. Knutsen, eds, Exit Afghanistan. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget (203–211).
Jacobsen, Elida K. U. & Kristoffer Lidén (2012) Theoretical Challenges for Assessing Socio-Cultural Sensitivity in Governance and Conflict Resolution [15 May], in Galvanek, Janel B.; Hans J. Giessmann ; & Mir Mubashir, eds, Norms and Premises of Peace Governance. Socio-Cultural Commonalities and Differences in Europe and India. Berlin: Berghof Foundation (25–30).
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2012) Haiti, in Latin-Amerikanske løsninger (Latin American Solutions). Oslo: Latin-Amerika Gruppene. Solidaritet Forlag (238–241).
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2011) Girl Soldiers in Guatemala, in Özerdem, Alpaslan; & Sukanya Podder, eds, Child Soldiers: from Recruitment to Reintegration. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan (91–103).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2011) A Peace Nation in the War on Terror: The Norwegian Engagement in Afghanistan, in Hynek, Nik; & Péter Marton, eds, Statebuilding in Afghanistan: Multinational Contributions to Reconstruction. London: Routledge (157–173).
Borchgrevink, Kaja & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2010) Afghanistan: Civil Society Between Modernity and Tradition, in Thania Paffenholz , ed., Civil Society and Peacebuilding: a Critical Assessment. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner (235–257).
Kjellman, Kjell Erling & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2010) Civil Society and the State, in Thania Paffenholz , ed., Civil Society and Peacebuilding: a Critical Assessment. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers (29–42).

Edited Volume

Kolås, Åshild (ed.) (2019) Women, Peace and Security in Myanmar: Between Feminism and Ethnopolitics. London: Routledge.
Kolås, Åshild (ed.) (2017) Women, Peace and Security in Northeast India. New Delhi: Zubaan Books.
Kolås, Åshild; & Pedro Ibarra Güell, eds, (2017) Sovereignty Revisited: The Basque Case. London: Routledge. Routledge Studies in Radical History and Politics.
Ibarra Güell, Pedro; & Åshild Kolås, eds, (2016) Basque Nationhood: Towards a Democratic Scenario. Oxford: Peter Lang. Nationalisms Across the Globe.
Kolås, Åshild; & Yuanyuan Xie, eds, (2015) Reclaiming the Forest. The Ewenki Reindeer Herders of Aoluguya. Oxford: Berghahn.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Brazys, Samuel; Arusha Cooray; Åshild Kolås & Krishna Vadlamannati (2021) Editorial: New conversations in development studies, Journal of International Development 33(6): 947–952.
Baruah, Sanjib (2016) Naga peace: Road ahead still uncertain, The Seminar 677: 64–68.

Popular Article

Kuol, Luka Biong Deng (2021) What Sudan and South Sudan stand to gain by reopening their border, The Conversation, 21 September.
Nilsen, Marte & Benjamin Dix (2020) Myanmar: weak leadership is prompting grassroots activists to make a difference, The Conversation, 14 November.
Nilsen, Marte (2020) Finnes det håp for Myanmar? Valget, makt og motmakt, Asiapunkt, 8 November.
Nilsen, Marte (2020) Hvem kan redde Myanmar?, Klassekampen, 6 November.
Nilsen, Marte (2020) The Politics of Humanitarian Aid to Myanmar, PK Forum, 9 July.
Dyvesether, Natalie M. (2019) What Does Gender Equality Have to Do with Poverty and War? Everything., PRIO Blogs, 4 November.
Nilsen, Marte & Stein Tønnesson (2016) Double Marginalisation of Myanmar's Ethnic Minorities, Myanmar Times, 26 April.
Nilsen, Marte & Stein Tønnesson (2016) Myanmar's Ethnic Minorities Marginalised More, East Asia Forum, 13 April.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Kaja Borchgrevink (2009) A Muted Voice? Religious Actors and Civil Society in Post-2001 Afghanistan, Afghanistan Info, 15 March.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2008) Peace Building and its Components – the State of the Art, Peacebuilding in Afghanistan: Local, Regional and Global Perspectives, 31 December.

PRIO Report

Master Thesis

Sagård, Tora (2019) Causes of Ceasefire Failure: A survival analysis, 1989-2017. MA thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Oslo.
Cadorin, Nina Maureen (2018) A missing Piece in Peace-Building: Police Reforms as Tools to Overcome Commitment Problems in Peace Agreements. MA thesis, Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Oslo, Oslo.

Conference Paper

Lidén, Kristoffer (2018) Contested imaginations of peace: justice, truth and power in the ethics of peace agreements, presented at Peace Operations and Peace Agreements: Experiences from the Global South, PUC Rio, Brazil, 28 May.
Brounéus, Karen; Erika Forsberg; Karin Dyrstad & Helga Malmin Binningsbø (2017) The Gendered Links between War-Related Trauma and Attitudes to Peace: Exploring Survey Data from Guatemala, Nepal, and Northern Ireland, presented at 58th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, Baltimore, 22–25 February.
Dyrstad, Karin & Helga Malmin Binningsbø (2017) Perceptions of transitional justice mechanisms in Guatemala, Nepal, and Northern Ireland, presented at European Consortium of Political Science Conference, Oslo, 7–9 September.
Lidén, Kristoffer (2017) Ought human rights to be promoted through global governance in the name of peacebuilding?, presented at CRIC Seminar, Human Rights and Peacebuilding Project, University of Copenhagen, Department of Political Science, 28 August.
Lidén, Kristoffer (2015) Luhmann goes to Juba: a systems theoretical perspective on the postliberal condition, presented at Worlds of Violence: 9th Pan-European Conference on International Relations, European International Studies Association, Giardini Naxos, Sicily, Italy , 26 September 2015.
Kolås, Åshild (2015) Sovereignty revisited: The Basque case, presented at International Workshop on ‘A Multidisciplinary Approach to Processes of Sovereignty Construction: The Basque Case’, Oñati International Institute for the Sociology of Law (IISL), 14–15 May 2015.
Lidén, Kristoffer 2012 In Love with a Lie? On the Political Preconditions for Global Peacebuilding Governance, presented at New Frontiers for Peacebuilding: Hybridity, Governance, and Local Agency, , 13–14 September 2012.

PRIO Policy Brief

Jensehaugen, Jørgen; Kristoffer Lidén & Isabel Bramsen (2022) At the Gates to Peace: Mediators as Gatekeepers, PRIO Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Loyle, Cyanne; Dacan Nobert; Nkayimbi Sarah; Acen Susan Oroma & Lino Owor Ogora (2021) Justice during the War with the Lord’s Resistance Army in Uganda, PRIO Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Horst, Cindy & Elin Martine Doeland (2016) Introducing a Women’s Empowerment Agenda from Abroad? Gender and Stability in Somalia, PRIO Policy Brief, 13. Oslo: PRIO.
Upreti, Bishnu Raj & Åshild Kolås (2016) Women in Nepal’s Transition, PRIO Policy Brief, 11. Oslo: PRIO.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2016) Haiti’s Food Security Challenges, PRIO Policy Brief, 28. Oslo: PRIO.
Svensson, Isak & Magnus Lundgren (2015) Patterns of Peacemaking, Conflict Trends, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2015) Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Processes (DDR): The Gender Asset, GPS Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Nilsen , Marte & Stein Tønnesson (2013) Political Parties and Peacebuilding in Myanmar, PRIO Policy Brief, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
Ghosh, Atig (2013) Governing conflict and peacebuilding in India’s northeast and Bihar, CORE Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2011) Power Prevails: The Failure of Whole-of-Government Approaches in Afghanistan, PRIO Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Falch, Åshild (2010) Affirmative Action: A Kick-Start with Limitations, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Falch, Åshild (2010) Women's Organizations: A Driving Force Behind Women's Participation and Rights, PRIO Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2010) The UN Peacebuilding Commission and Women: What Role for Norway?, PRIO Policy Brief, 12. Oslo: PRIO.
Gomsrud, Lars Seland & Mohamed Husein Gaas (2010) Somalia's Transitional Federal Government at a Crossroads, PRIO Policy Brief, 10. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Paper

Olsson, Louise; Angela Muvumba Sellström; Patty Chang; Torunn L. Tryggestad; Peter Wallensteen & Ingebjørg Finnbakk (2021) Sweden as an Elected Member of the UN Security Council: Promoting Women, Peace and Security as Core Council Business, 2017–18, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Binningsbø, Helga Malmin; Marianne Dahl; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Michael Weintraub (2018) Percepciones y vivencias en relación con el Acuerdo de Paz en Colombia, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Binningsbø, Helga Malmin; Marianne Dahl; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Michael Weintraub (2018) Perceptions of and Experience with the Peace Process in Colombia, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Sultan Barakat (2018) Comparing Qatari and Norwegian Models of Small State Conflict Mediation, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2016) Gender Dimensions of Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR), PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Hedayat, Lida Nadery & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2014) Where Do Afghan Women Stand on Education and Economic Empowerment?, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Eide, Kai (2014) Afghanistan and the US: Between Partnership and Occupation, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2011) A Peace Nation Takes Up Arms: The Norwegian Engagement in Afghanistan, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Weintraub, Michael; Camilo Sánchez Meertens; Helga Malmin Binningsbø; Erika Rodriguez; María Eugenia Pinto; & Angelika Rettberg (2022) Listening to Peace: Dimensions and Variations in the Implementation of the Final Peace Agreement in Colombia.
Kuol, Luka Biong Deng (2021) National Security Strategies Development in Africa: A Toolkit for Drafting and ConsultationWashington, D.C.: Africa Center for Strategic Studies.
Weintraub, Michael; Camilo Sánchez Meertens; Helga Malmin Binningsbø; Erika Rodriguez; María Eugenia Pinto; & Angelika Rettberg (2021) Escuchar la paz: Dimensiones y variaciones en la implementación del Acuerdo Final [Listening to peace: Dimensions and variations in the implementation of the Final Agreement]PRIO-UNDP joint report.
Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv; Abbey Steele; Helga Malmin Binningsbø; Michael Weintraub; Christopher Fariss; & Pablo Ruiz Hiebra (2021) Lights and Shadows of the Peace Agreement Implementation in Colombia: Attitudes and Perceptions in the PDET Territories, PRIO-UNDP joint report. .
Hauge, Wenche Iren; Alain Gilles; & Rachelle Doucet (2014) Conflict Prevention and Conflict Management in Haiti: Insight from Marginalized Communities. Phase III, A Report to the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Oslo: CERDECS/PRIO.
Hauge, Wenche Iren; Alain Gilles; & Rachelle Doucet (2012) Conflict Prevention and Conflict management in Haiti: Insight from Marginalized Communities. Phase IIPRIO Oslo: Port-Au-Prince: Centre D’Études Et De Recherche Sur Le Développement Des Cultures Et Des Sociétés (CERDECS) and Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).
Gilles, Alain (2012) Lien social, conflit et violence en Haïti: Une étude dans la région du Sud’Est: Centre D’Études Et De Recherche Sur Le Développement Des Cultures Et Des Sociétés (CERDECS) and Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).
Gilles, Alain (2012) Lien social, conflit et violence en Haïti: Une étude dans la region du Sud.: Port-Au-Prince: Centre D’Études Et De Recherche Sur Le Développement Des Cultures Et Des Sociétés (CERDECS) and Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).
Borchgrevink, Kaja; Kristian Berg Harpviken; Kanishka Nawabi; Mirwais Wardak; Astri Suhrke; & Arne Strand (2007) Disconnected and Discounted? Religious actors and Civil Society in Post - 2001 Afghanistan, PRIO-CPAU-CMI Policy Brief. Oslo/Bergen: PRIO/CPAU/CMI.

Report - External Series

Hauge, Wenche Iren (2018) Haiti: A Political Economy Analysis, NUPI Report. Oslo: Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI).
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2015) Haitian migrant workers in the Dominican Republic: a different framework, NOREF Policy Brief. Oslo: NOREF.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2013) Initiatives to Foster an Afghan Peace Process, 2001-12: A Role for Norway?, NOREF Report. Oslo: Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (NOREF).
Suhrke, Astri; Torunn Wimpelmann Chaudhary; Aziz Hakimi; Kristian Berg Harpviken; Akbar Sarwari; & Arne Strand (2009) Conciliatory Approaches to the Insurgency in Afghanistan: An Overview, CMI Report, 1. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute.
Suhrke, Astri; Torunn Wimpelmann Chaudhary; Kristian Berg Harpviken; Akbar Sarwari; & Arne Strand (2008) Applied Social Science Research in Afghanistan: An Overview of the Institutional Landscape, CMI Report, 12. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Hanne Eggen Røislien (2005) Mapping the Terrain: The Role of Religion in Peacemaking, State of the Art Paper to the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Kjell Erling Kjellman (2004) Beyond Blueprints: Civil Society and Peacebuilding, Concept Paper commissioned by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD). .

Blog Posts

The Future of Peace Dialogues in Colombia: Challenges and Opportunities

Posted by David Felipe Gómez Triana on Friday, 3 March 2023

Despite the landmark 2016 agreement between FARC and the Colombian government, peace is far from the reality in Colombia. According to the INDEPAZ report, armed actors are present in at least 500 out of the 1123 municipalities of the country. Several heavily armed actors such as the National Liberation Army ... Read more »

China’s Plan for Ukraine Is No Plan at All

Posted by Giacomo Bruni & Ilaria Carrozza on Thursday, 2 March 2023

China’s position paper won’t contribute to peace in Ukraine, but it does offer useful insights into how Beijing conceives of its global role. On February 24, one year after Russia began its invasion of Ukraine, China released a paper on “China’s Position on the Political Settlement of the Ukraine Crisis.” In ... Read more »

50 Years Hence: Can the Apollo Missions Inspire Us Today?

Posted by Henrik Syse on Tuesday, 20 December 2022

Last week, 50 years ago, Apollo 17’s lunar module left the moon. Since then, no one has set foot there. Let us pause for a moment to think about the signficance of that rather unique adventure called Apollo. The Apollo program defies belief. At a time when much of modern ... Read more »

To Support Afghan Women Activists, Prioritize Local Knowledge over Numbers

Posted by Sophie Mae Berman & Yelena Biberman on Friday, 21 October 2022

In July, the US Department of State launched the US-Afghan Consultative Mechanism in partnership with the United States Institute of Peace, Atlantic Council, Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security, and Sisterhood is Global Institute. As the Taliban continues to strip women and vulnerable groups inside Afghanistan of their human rights, the Mechanism intends to provide ... Read more »

Steadfast Military Support for Ukraine Is the Route to Peace

Posted by Tore Wig on Tuesday, 5 July 2022

In his essay Pacifism and the war, George Orwell wrote that “pacifism is objectively pro-Fascist.”, because “[if] you hamper the war effort of one side, you automatically help that of the other. Nor is there any real way of remaining outside such a war as the present one.” The war ... Read more »

Украинские женщины участвуют в сопротивлении и должны участвовать в мирных переговорах: новые данные опросов

Posted by Ragnhild Nordås, Louise Olsson, Gudrun Østby & Torunn L. Tryggestad on Tuesday, 24 May 2022

Женщины – “неотъемлемая часть своей страны и её сопротивления”. С таким посланием Катерина Черепаха, президент организации “Ла Страда – Україна”, обратилась к миру в своём апрельском выступлении в Совете Безопасности ООН.. В своей речи она также подчеркнула возросшую незащищённость женщин и девочек в отношении угрозы похищения, пыток и убийства. Теперь ... Read more »

Українські жінки беруть участь в опорі і мають брати участь у мирних перемовинах: результати нового опитування

Posted by Ragnhild Nordås, Louise Olsson, Gudrun Østby & Torunn L. Tryggestad on Saturday, 30 April 2022

Жінки є «невід’ємною частиною країни та її опору» – з таким посланням звернулася до світу президент організації «Ла Страда-Україна» Kaтeринa Чeрeпaхa,  виступаючи перед Радою Безпеки ООН у квітні. У своєму виступі вона також підкреслила високу вразливість жінок і дівчат щодо загроз викрадення, катувань та вбивств. Тепер ми знаємо, що жінки ... Read more »

Ukrainian Women Engage in Resistance and Should Be in the Peace Talks: New Survey Evidence

Posted by Ragnhild Nordås, Louise Olsson, Gudrun Østby & Torunn L. Tryggestad on Friday, 29 April 2022

Women are an “integral part of her country and its resistance.” This was the message that Kateryna Cherepakha, President of the organization La Strada-Ukraine, communicated to the world when speaking before the UN Security Council in April. Her speech also highlighted increased vulnerability of women and girls to the threat ... Read more »

Protection of Education in Conflict Zones – a Step in the Right Direction

Posted by Gudrun Østby & Ragnhild Nordås on Tuesday, 16 November 2021

On Friday October 30, the UN Security Council adopted a resolution on the protection of education in conflict zones. This is one of the most important matters on which Norway has facilitated negotiations in the Security Council and the resolution is a major step in the right direction for protecting ... Read more »

What happened to Afghanistan’s Security Forces?

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Sunday, 15 August 2021

The Taliban have asserted control over large parts of Afghanistan within the course of a few weeks. The last international troops are departing. US President Biden and NATO Secretary General Stoltenberg have both emphasized the strength of Afghanistan’s security forces. But, encountering the Taliban, those very forces seem in many ... Read more »

Lessons from a Decade of South Sudanese Statehood

Posted by Luka Biong Deng Kuol on Sunday, 11 July 2021

The catastrophic levels of instability that have engulfed South Sudan since 2013 demand a restructuring of governance and security institutions to alter the tragic trajectory of Africa’s youngest state. South Sudanese are observing the 10th anniversary of statehood with deeply mixed feelings. Children born during the post-independence period have seen ... Read more »

Power Sharing and Gender Equality

Posted by Natalie Azba on Friday, 2 July 2021

Since the rise of the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda and the adoption of Security Council Resolution 1325, power sharing has been widely used as a peace-building tool after civil conflict and is also key to the institutionalization of democracy. Power sharing arrangements have been instrumental to terminating civil ... Read more »

Do Cease-Fires in Syria Work? We Checked the Data.

Posted by Sunniva Unn Hustad & Siri Camilla Aas Rustad on Wednesday, 30 June 2021

Our research looks at 10 years of truces in Syria. A missile attack last weekend in northern Syria left a hospital in ruins and further casualties in a residential area. But these types of attacks have become less common in Syria. Although this civil war remains among the most devastating ... Read more »

The Pitfalls of Peacemaking

Posted by Hilde Henriksen Waage & Ada Nissen on Wednesday, 19 May 2021

The revelations in the Norwegian financial newspaper Dagens Næringsliv (DN) of Terje Rød-Larsen’s links to Jeffrey Epstein are a reminder that personal goals, dreams and ambitions can become entwined in professional choices in unfortunate ways – including for well intentioned foreign policy actors. The International Peace Institute in New York, ... Read more »

Improving Resource Governance and Building Sustainable Peace

Posted by Stacy D. VanDeveer on Friday, 7 May 2021

In a recently published piece in World Development, Florian Krampe, Farah Hegazi and Stacy D VanDeveer explore the potentially dramatic benefits of improved environmental and resource governance for post-war peacebuilding. They outline three causal mechanisms – or pathways – for environmental peacebuilding: (a) the contact hypothesis, (b) diffusion of transnational ... Read more »

Will the Taliban Gain From Negotiations?

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken, Arne Strand & Astri Suhrke on Thursday, 22 April 2021

In the summer of 2001, a Taliban delegation came to Oslo in the hope of holding talks with Norway’s government. The terrorist attacks in the United States that autumn put a stop to such talks, but the Taliban’s attempt at that time to break out of the “steel ring” of ... Read more »

An Already Failing Peace Process Betrayed in Myanmar

Posted by Klo Kwe Moo Kham on Wednesday, 10 March 2021

The February 1st military coup in Myanmar and the massive demonstrations that followed have deservedly gained the world’s attention. The people of Myanmar have had their taste of democracy, however fragile it was, and now refuse to let go of it. But what about peace in Myanmar? Myanmar’s Peace Process ... Read more »

A Critical Moment for Women’s Political Rights in Intra-Afghan Negotiation and Beyond

Posted by Madhav Joshi & Louise Olsson on Wednesday, 3 March 2021

One year ago, on February 29, 2020, the Doha Agreement was signed between the United States and the Taliban. This agreement outlines a process for a gradual withdrawal of foreign troops in Afghanistan, Taliban’s commitment to preventing the use of Afghan soil against the US and its allies security, and ... Read more »

Parliamentary Election in Kosovo: Democratic Development and Desire for Change

Posted by Teuta Kukleci on Sunday, 21 February 2021

Less than a year after the fall of the Kosovo government led by left-wing reformist party Vetëvendosje (“Self-Determination”), the same party has returned to power. Following a landslide victory in the parliamentary election last Sunday, Vetëvendosje is set to form a government with a markedly stronger mandate than the first ... Read more »

NATO’s Exit From Afghanistan: ‘a brutal dilemma’

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Friday, 19 February 2021

NATO is facing ‘a brutal dilemma, NATO’s Secretary General, Jens Stoltenberg, said to the press ahead of NATO meeting of defense ministers on 17-18 February. The goal, said Stoltenberg, is that Afghanistan shall never again become a haven for terrorists attacking NATO and its allies. He continued: ‘While no ally ... Read more »

Can we avoid conflict relapse? Some lessons from Haiti's 2004, 2016 and 2021 crises

Posted by Pablo Ruiz on Thursday, 18 February 2021

Over recent years few countries have made significant progress toward sustaining peace. It is important to better understand what works and what does not in conflict-affected countries. Here I will present a summary of my research on peace-building efforts in Haiti throughout the period 2004-2015, as well as some additional ... Read more »

A Christmas Message from Afghanistan

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Thursday, 7 January 2021

For Afghans, Christmas 2020 marked 41 years since the Soviet intervention. Ever since, this poor, mountainous country in Central Asia has been a focus of global attention. Can we now see signs of a peaceful solution? A tweet posted on Christmas Eve by Muska Dastageer, a young Afghan woman with ... Read more »

Bosnia and Herzegovina – a Failed State 25 Years After the Peace Accords

Posted by Inger Skjelsbæk on Wednesday, 30 December 2020

The people of Bosnia and Herzegovina are governed by three presidents, 14 prime ministers, 180 ministers, and 700 members of parliament (who sit in 14 different parliaments). A ping on my phone last fall told me that she was now a widow. The message was from my Bosnian friend in ... Read more »

Using a Comic to Tell the True Story of the Uffo Struggle for Justice in Somaliland

Posted by Ebba Tellander on Monday, 23 November 2020

We can all learn and draw inspiration from stories of ordinary people who care for others and resist oppression while risking their own lives. Such stories are often overlooked in both the media and in much research on conflict zones. In Somaliland in the early 1980s, doctors and teachers and ... Read more »

On the Road to Peace: Wenche Iren Hauge Interviewed by Åshild Kolås

Posted by Åshild Kolås on Wednesday, 18 November 2020

In my experience, successful peace processes are marked by close interaction between actors who engage with the process for a long time, know the conflict and the parties well, and gain their trust. Trust is more important than anything else. The long-term actors might be from NGOs or from civil ... Read more »

Myanmar: weak leadership is prompting grassroots activists to make a difference

Posted by Marte Nilsen & Benjamin Dix on Monday, 16 November 2020

Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy secured yet another large majority in the Myanmar parliament in the national election. But, despite the Nobel peace laureate’s party being in power since 2015, progress in the war-torn and troubled country remains hampered by both structural restraints and the absence of political ... Read more »

A Surprise in Cyprus? Recent Elections and the Return of the Populist Right

Posted by Mete Hatay on Monday, 2 November 2020

In October, North Cyprus experienced a highly contested leadership election after a COVID-imposed delay. This stirred new debates over the realism of a possible federal solution for Cyprus. During his five years in office, Mustafa Akıncı, the left-wing candidate running for re-election, had expressed strong support for federation and had ... Read more »

The World Food Program Won the Nobel Peace Prize. Does Food Aid Boost Peace?

Posted by Ida Rudolfsen & Halvard Buhaug on Wednesday, 28 October 2020

The Norwegian Nobel Committee named this year’s Nobel Peace Prize winner, recognizing the World Food Program (WFP) for “for its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and ... Read more »

Collection of PRIO Research on Racism, Inequality and Discrimination

Posted by PRIO on Monday, 12 October 2020

Introduction For over six decades, our mission here at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) has been to produce research for a more peaceful world. We analyze the conditions, causes, and dynamics of the political and social processes that create conflict or peace, and communicate this knowledge to policymakers, stakeholders, ... Read more »

Institutionalizing the Dreadful Victory in Post-War Sri Lanka

Posted by Madhav Joshi on Thursday, 3 September 2020

On August 5, 2020, over 11 million voters cast their votes to elect the 225 members in the Sri Lankan Lower House. With a two-thirds majority of the Sri Lankan People’s Democratic Alliance in this election, the Rajapaksa brothers, who were front and center in Sri Lankan politics from 2005 ... Read more »

Toward a Social-Democratic Peace?

Posted by Nils Petter Gleditsch on Wednesday, 10 June 2020

The post–World War II period has shown a clear, albeit erratic, decline of organized violence. Violence in this period peaked during the Chinese Civil War, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and most recently the Syrian Civil War, but the peaks are declining over time and the long-term trend in ... Read more »

A Global Call: Will COVID-19 bring more peace to the world?

Posted by Borja Paladini Adell on Friday, 17 April 2020

This piece is part of our blog series Beyond the COVID Curve. COVID-19 has quickly changed everything from our daily routines, to the policies of governments, to the fortunes of the global economy. How will it continue to shape society and the conditions for peace and conflict globally in the near ... Read more »

Ceasefires in the Time of COVID-19

Posted by Siri Camilla Aas Rustad, Tora Sagård, Håvard Mokleiv Nygård, Govinda Clayton & Fredrik Methi on Friday, 17 April 2020

This piece is part of our blog series Beyond the COVID Curve. COVID-19 has quickly changed everything from our daily routines, to the policies of governments, to the fortunes of the global economy. How will it continue to shape society and the conditions for peace and conflict globally in the near ... Read more »

Making a Regional Peacemaker

Posted by Jørgen Jensehaugen on Wednesday, 11 March 2020

On March 3 the PRIO-CSS Jordan seminar, “Preserving Spaces for Dialogue in the Middle East”, was situated by the shore of the Dead Sea. The view was both beautiful and thematically fitting, because while most people associate the Dead Sea with a rather exotic seaside tourist destination, and the Kingdom ... Read more »

Science Diplomacy in the Middle East

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Tuesday, 5 November 2019

Research-based dialogue can make substantial contributions to addressing challenges in the Middle East. By mobilizing diverse knowledge milieus, drawing attention to new insights, and emphasizing the normative commitment to truth, we can lay the foundations for dialogue between various states and actors who otherwise find it difficult to interact. At ... Read more »

On the Front Lines of Sustaining Peace in Colombia

Posted by Borja Paladini Adell on Tuesday, 29 October 2019

Sustaining peace in Colombia Conflict-ridden societies, including –counterintuitively– those that have recently overcome violent conflict through a political settlement, are fraught with mistrust, polarisation, and resistance to change. The implementation of peace agreements is often the new arena where tension and controversy manifest themselves. In Colombia, for example, the recent ... Read more »

Creating a Third Space in the Cyprus Conflict: Mete Hatay Interviewed by Cindy Horst

Posted by Cindy Horst on Wednesday, 18 September 2019

Mete Hatay, interviewed by Cindy Horst Seeing victim become perpetrator, perpetrator become victim – seeing them change places depending on the situation – triggered a lot of questions in my mind… Whatever you imagine for the future, you always construct it from the past. And you cannot say, ‘let’s put ... Read more »

Will There Be Peace in Westeros?

Posted by Siri Camilla Aas Rustad on Friday, 24 May 2019

In my last Game of Thrones blog post I looked into whether there were any similarities between the War of the Five Kings and modern war in the real world. I found a surprisingly large number of similarities. Now that we have seen the end GoT, and we know who ... Read more »

Feminism and Empiricism: Two Contributions to Improving Women’s Inclusion in Peace Processes

Posted by Louise Olsson & Theodora-Ismene Gizelis on Wednesday, 19 December 2018

Academics and policymakers can probably agree on the need for a more solid research base in order to effectively support the inclusion of women in peace processes. Our chapter in the newly released Oxford Handbook on Women, Peace and Security, argues that improving dialogue among scholars and practitioners requires acknowledging ... Read more »

The Unintended Consequences of Killing Jamal Khashoggi: A Backgrounder on the Yemeni Peace Talks

Posted by Júlia Palik on Friday, 7 December 2018

This week the spotlight is on Sweden and UN Special Envoy Martin Griffiths: On Wednesday representatives of the Yemeni government and Houthi rebels arrived in Stockholm to find solutions to what the UN described as the ‘worst [humanitarian] crisis in the world’. The Saudi Arabia-led nine-member coalition has been at ... Read more »

Where are the Women in Peace Agreement Implementation?

Posted by Louise Olsson & Madhav Joshi on Monday, 29 October 2018

“In 2020, the United Nations, Members States, regional organizations and civil society will mark the 20th anniversary of resolution 1325 (2000). The lead up to this milestone and the anniversary itself, provide important opportunities to highlight and appraise progress and revise strategies…” (S/2018/900, 2018). An upcoming event which sets the ... Read more »

The Feminist Foreign Policy Agenda: Resolution 1325’s Legacy

Posted by Torunn L. Tryggestad on Friday, 26 October 2018

On 25 October, the UN Security Council held its yearly meeting on women, peace and security. It has been 18 years since the Security Council adopted resolution 1325, which called on the UN and the international community to include women and their rights and interests in work toward peace and ... Read more »

Lessons from Camp David

Posted by Jørgen Jensehaugen on Wednesday, 17 October 2018

Forty years ago, President Jimmy Carter orchestrated peace between Israel and Egypt; yet the conflict between Israel and Palestinians is further than ever from a solution. Those outcomes are closely linked. There are lessons for President Donald Trump to learn from Carter’s experience, if he is attentive. An unprecedented breakthrough ... Read more »

What Became of the Norwegian Peacekeeping Forces?

Posted by Elin Marthinussen Gustavsen & Andreas Forø Tollefsen on Wednesday, 8 August 2018

For nearly 20 years, Norway has prioritized contributing to NATO-led operations over UN peacekeeping forces. At the same time, recent research shows that increased commitment to UN operations has a conflict-reducing effect. This year marks the 40th anniversary of the first Norwegian UN soldiers’ departure to Lebanon to serve in ... Read more »

U.N. Peacekeeping Really Can Be Effective. Here’s How We Tabulated This

Posted by Håvard Hegre, Lisa Hultman & Håvard Mokleiv Nygård on Monday, 16 July 2018

Syria’s seven years of conflict have had devastating consequences, with hundreds of thousands of people dead and more than 4 million refugees. Would the story be different if the United Nations Security Council had managed to come to an agreement and deployed a peacekeeping operation (PKO) early in the conflict? ... Read more »

Can Moon Jae-In Remove the Stumbling Blocks to Peace in Korea?

Posted by Stein Tønnesson on Wednesday, 2 May 2018

Donald Trump is the unknown factor in the South Korean president’s peace diplomacy. Friday 27 April 2018 was a new historic day for Korea. Even before he had completed the first year of his five-year term as president of South Korea, the 65-year-old human rights lawyer Moon Jae-in succeeded in holding ... Read more »

A Path to Peace and Stability Through Food Aid

Posted by David Beasley on Friday, 13 April 2018

Constant war drove Fazle, his wife and four children away from their home and farm in the Khyber region of Pakistan eight years ago. They loved their home, but with all the shooting and the armed extremist groups, he had to leave or endure the death, destruction and instability that ... Read more »

No Peace Without Women!

Posted by Aseem Andrews & Torunn L. Tryggestad on Thursday, 8 March 2018

The recent #MeToo campaign was a watershed moment that has brought global attention to the issue of violence against women and has shown us how women continue to be objects of exploitation. Violence is manifested in so many different ways, from intimate partner violence, domestic violence, rape, honour killing to ... Read more »

The Beginning of a Peace Process in Afghanistan – Finally?

Posted by Kai Eide on Wednesday, 7 March 2018

Is Afghanistan finally at a turning point – after so many disappointments and wasted opportunities? At the Kabul Process II conference on 28 February, President Ashraf Ghani proposed to launch peace talks with the Taliban without preconditions, offering to recognize the Taliban as a legitimate political group, and presenting a ... Read more »

Theses on Peacemaking in Afghanistan: a Manifesto

Posted by Barnett R. Rubin on Wednesday, 7 March 2018

Author’s Note: Royalist and republican, Khalqi and Parchami, Soviet Union and the West, communist and Islamist, mujahid and Talib, Hanafi and takfiri, al Qaeda and America, warlord and technocrat, Pashtun and non-Pashtun, Islamic Emirate and Islamic State, KGB, ISI, and CIA – all have for decades carried on an uninterrupted ... Read more »

Women’s Inclusion in the Peace Process in Mali

Posted by Jenny Lorentzen on Tuesday, 13 February 2018

Women have been marginalized throughout the Malian peace process and their inclusion has received little priority, contrary to UN Security Council resolutions on the involvement of women in peace processes. Although legislation and policy frameworks promoting their inclusion are in place, implementation is lagging behind. Despite difficulties in the Malian ... Read more »

Why Isn’t Sexual Exploitation and Abuse Treated the Same as Gender-Based Violence in Humanitarian Contexts?

Posted by Alicia Luedke & Jasmine-Kim Westendorf on Monday, 20 November 2017

The recent #MeToo hashtag and associated social media storm highlighted the extensiveness of sexual abuse and harassment and the exploitation of women and girls (and in some cases men and boys) by those in positions of power. It showed that the problem does not come down to a few “bad ... Read more »

Nuclear Disarmament and The Nobel Peace Prize

Posted by Louise Olsson & Henrik Urdal on Tuesday, 10 October 2017

Since the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Linus Pauling in 1962, contributions to nuclear disarmament have recurrently been an explicit motivation for granting the Prize.1 According to the Nobel Peace Prize committee, the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) received the Prize this year for creating new momentum ... Read more »

Information Technology Can Help Build Peace. This Is How.

Posted by Kristian Hoelscher, Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Jason Miklian on Wednesday, 6 September 2017

In a recent episode of the caustic sitcom “Silicon Valley,” the hard-luck start-up protagonists attend a big technology convention. They stumble across an app called PeaceFare, a game that lets players “build peace” on their phones by giving virtual money to virtual homeless people or virtual corn to virtual starving villagers. ... Read more »

East Asian Peace: Telling Japan to be Proud

Posted by Stein Tønnesson on Wednesday, 19 April 2017

To a Tokyo audience of Japanese peace practitioners, academics, journalists and diplomats, I recently chose to address the Japanese as East Asians. I had three important messages to convey: You East Asians have a Peace to Defend The East Asian Peace is at Risk Please overcome your differences and aim for ... Read more »

Peace Diplomacy: Finding Entry Points for Female Mediators

Posted by Isak Svensson on Monday, 3 April 2017

The Swedish Foreign Minister Margot Wallström has invested in a network of female mediators to strengthen women’s roles in peace and reconstruction processes. However, it is not just the supply of female mediators that is the problem, but the demand as well. Where can opportunities be found for women to ... Read more »

Beyond Recognition to One, Ethical Reassurance to Many

Posted by Catalina Vallejo on Thursday, 13 October 2016

An award can be backward or forward looking; this year’s Nobel Peace Prize is both. By awarding this prize in a moment of crisis for the Colombian peace process, it not only serves as a recognition of past efforts made by individuals, but also rescues an agonizing process and truly ... Read more »

An Impossible Peace

Posted by Kalle Moene on Wednesday, 12 October 2016

The FARC and the Colombian government deserved to share this year’s Nobel Peace Prize. Unfortunately, however, the prize was awarded to only one party. In general we are idiots if we let political correctness govern our views about how the world works. We confuse facts with latent sympathies – a ... Read more »

A Bold Choice for the Nobel Peace Prize

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Sunday, 9 October 2016

The award of this year’s Nobel Peace Prize is a bold choice. It rewards President Santos of Colombia for his great political courage, and for his ability to think in a strategic, long-term and principled manner about what is needed to bring peace to his country. Santos is also a ... Read more »

Most Importantly a Nobel for the Colombian People and the Victims of the Civil War

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Friday, 7 October 2016

The Norwegian Nobel Committee emphasizes that the award of the 2016 Nobel Peace Prize to the Colombian president Juan Manuel Santos is not only a prize given in recognition of his own personal efforts to end the more than 50 year old civil war in the country, but that this ... Read more »

A Nobel for Colombian Peace Makers? Yes! (But to whom?)

Posted by Catalina Vallejo & Diego Marín on Thursday, 6 October 2016

In its current state, the Colombian peace process not only deserves but could in fact highly benefit from the symbolic effects that go hand in hand with being awarded a Nobel Peace Prize. Recently, in a tight vote, Colombians said ‘No’ to supporting the peace agreement between the government and ... Read more »

No More Lost Opportunities

Posted by Harry Tzimitras on Thursday, 1 September 2016

The leaders of Cyprus’ communities enjoy a rapport that would seem encouraging for settling decades-long differences. But new geopolitical realities could easily sideline progress. The time is now for visionary and credible political initiative, coupled with the constructive engagement of the international community. Few would disagree that negotiations for the ... Read more »

Peace is a Process

Posted by Åshild Kolås & Priyankar Upadhyaya on Wednesday, 29 June 2016

On 21 June 2016, UNESCO hosted a path-breaking Consultative Meeting on the contribution of the UN system to the promotion of peace. The meeting was attended by heads of 28 United Nations entities (programmes, funds, specialized agencies and bodies), who discussed the advancement of the global peace agenda and took ... Read more »

Interfaith Dialogue can Help Build Peace

Posted by Trond Bakkevig on Wednesday, 29 June 2016

Interfaith dialogue is a necessary aid in conflicts involving religion. Some years ago, many Western social scientists were claiming that religion was a dying phenomenon. Such assertions were part of an arrogant assumption that the entire world would soon come to resemble the north-western corner of Europe. In Eastern Europe, ... Read more »

The Right to Decide: Exit and Basque Self-Determination

Posted by Åshild Kolås on Tuesday, 28 June 2016

Five years ago, the Basque militant group ETA (Basque Homeland and Freedom) announced a unilateral and permanent cessation of operations. Since then, the disappearance of political violence has given rise to a new debate on Basque nationhood: more inclusive, more open, more civic, and at the same time stronger in ... Read more »

It’s Time to Open our Eyes to Women’s Involvement in Peace Processes

Posted by Elin Martine Doeland on Monday, 13 June 2016

Women are central contributors to peace processes. But the crucial roles that women play in transitions from war to peace are rarely acknowledged. The focus on the negotiating table and formal politics – the diplomatic aspects of conflict resolution – is a too narrow understanding of peace processes. Recent case ... Read more »

Political Defeat – Military Inadequacy! The Swaddling Blanket of Intervention

Posted by Robert Mood on Thursday, 9 June 2016

The military interventions by the West in the Middle East, Afghanistan and North Africa in recent years are examples of bold and efficient use of force resulting in immediate achievement of goals. Saddam Hussein’s military forces were defeated, the Taliban were deprived of their havens and possible massacres in Libya ... Read more »

The Gender Asset in Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Processes (DDR)

Posted by Wenche Iren Hauge on Monday, 8 February 2016

The Potentials of Changing Gender Patterns. Both genders – female and male – can be actors as well as victims in armed conflict, depending on the context. Changed gender roles among ex-combatants of armed groups constitute a potential source of change towards more balanced gender relations in the larger post-conflict ... Read more »

Bosnia 20 Years On

Posted by Inger Skjelsbæk on Monday, 21 December 2015

The Dayton agreement ended the war. But with children from different ethnic groups unable to attend school together in many places, its intentions concerning reconciliation have unfortunately not been realized. “Of course I don’t need good grades in Bosnian when I’ve got good grades in English,” says a 13-year-old to ... Read more »

An Academic New Year’s Resolution for Colombia: Understanding Continued Gendered Violence as a Threat to Positive Peace

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Wednesday, 16 December 2015

Over the last decade, Colombia has been host to the world’s largest population of internally displaced people (IDP). In 2016, it is expected that the Colombian government and FARC will reach a peace agreement, marking the formal end of more than 50 years of civil war. It is widely recognized ... Read more »

A Peace Prize Against Terror

Posted by Øyvind Tønnesson on Friday, 11 December 2015

European news headlines in 2015 have been all about the refugee crisis and religion-based terrorism. Is there still room for discussing “peace”? Should we not concentrate on bombing ISIS and protect national security? Yesterday, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet. This ... Read more »

Dialogue is Not Enough

Posted by Kristian Takvam Kindt on Thursday, 10 December 2015

Why did Tunisia succeed in reaching a compromise that led to democratic development, while other countries in the region have failed? The answer does not lie in the large numbers of activists and demonstrators. There were also massive crowds protesting against the regimes in countries such as Egypt and Yemen. ... Read more »

National Dialogues as Self-Mediation Mechanisms

Posted by Hannes Siebert on Wednesday, 9 December 2015

In the last century, peace was far more likely the product of victory on the battlefield than a negotiated settlement. From 1940 until 2002, the world witnessed more than 370 state-based conflicts. At any point in time over the last decade, the world hosted nearly 30 armed conflicts simultaneously — ... Read more »

Attacks on Humanitarian Aid Workers: Five New Findings

Posted by Jason Miklian, Kristian Hoelscher & Håvard Mokleiv Nygård on Tuesday, 1 December 2015

More aid workers are being targeted in violent attacks than ever before, but the roots of humanitarian insecurity have nuanced and surprising causes. Syria. Afghanistan. Mali. Central African Republic. Today’s complex conflicts seem to be defined by insurgents, terrorist groups and other violent actors with ideologies that increasingly disregard the ... Read more »

Santos and Jiménez: Fraternal Enough?

Posted by Catalina Vallejo on Friday, 9 October 2015

Celebration. The best work for fraternity during the precedent year. Abolition of standing armies. The formation and spreading of peace congresses. Conferring the greatest benefit on (hu)mankind. These where the elements that Alfred Nobel had in his mind when he imagined a peace prize. These elements combined in extraordinary manners ... Read more »

Women’s Empowerment in India

Posted by Åshild Kolås on Monday, 11 May 2015

From participation to political agency Women’s empowerment and equal participation in political life is important at all levels of Indian society. Despite benefitting from reservations, women frequently experience obstacles when they participate in politics. However, to address women’s aspirations for political agency we should explore the emerging opportunities, and not ... Read more »

Peace Processes Need Women

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken & Torunn L. Tryggestad on Tuesday, 18 November 2014

International peace processes are dominated by men and men’s perspectives. In general the approaches used have changed little in many decades. The focus is invariably on bringing the conflicting parties to the negotiating table, where their claims to power and strategic positions are renegotiated and defined. Amnesties for brutal attacks ... Read more »

Norway's Tightrope Walk in Myanmar

Posted by Marte Nilsen, Stein Tønnesson & Emil Jeremic on Thursday, 23 October 2014

Are the people of Myanmar able to distinguish between Norway’s role in promoting peace and the commercial interests of Norwegian businesses? Now that several state-owned Norwegian companies have entered into large and risky ventures in Myanmar, Norway is walking a tightrope between peace and commerce. The maintenance of support for ... Read more »

A Dangerous Census

Posted by Marte Nilsen, Kristin Dalen & Kristin Jesnes on Friday, 17 October 2014

Norway has spent NOK 40 million to help fund a census in Myanmar (Burma). The census results are at odds with previous assumptions and may increase the level of conflict in the country in the run-up to the elections in 2015. Norway must take responsibility. Every country needs to know who ... Read more »

A New Afghan Spring?

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Monday, 29 September 2014

Sitting in Kabul today, watching the Presidential inauguration on local television, it is difficult to say whether we are seeing a new Afghan spring or the onset of a disaster. After weeks and weeks of quarrelling, the two main presidential contenders settled on a power-sharing formula: Ashraf Ghani is the ... Read more »

Myanmar's National Census - Helping or Disrupting Peace?

Posted by Marte Nilsen & Stein Tønnesson on Wednesday, 12 February 2014

In March/April 2014 Myanmar will carry out its first population and housing census in more than 30 years. If carried out properly it may provide reliable data to be used not just by the government, but also by civil society organizations and political parties, as a basis for negotiating the ... Read more »