Publications 2021

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Bakken, Ingrid Vik & Halvard Buhaug (2021) Civil War and Female Empowerment, Journal of Conflict Resolution 65(5): 982–1009.
Bartusevičius, Henrikas (2021) Physical strength predicts political violence, Evolution and Human Behavior 42(5): 423–430.
Bartusevičius, Henrikas; Alexander Bor; Frederik Jørgensen & Michael Bang Petersen (2021) The psychological burden of the COVID-19 pandemic is associated with anti-systemic attitudes and political violence, Psychological Science 32(9): 1391–1403.
Bayerlein, Michael; Vanessa Alexandra Boese; Scott Gates; Katrin Kamin & S. Mansoob Murshed (2021) Populism and COVID-19: How Populist Governments (Mis)Handle the Pandemic, Journal of Political Institutions and Political Economy 2(3): 389–428.
Borchgrevink, Kaja & Ida Roland Birkvad (2021) Religious norms and homeownership among Norwegian Muslim women, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2021.1965866: 1–18.
Borchgrevink, Kaja & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2021) The afterlife of buzzwords: the journey of rightsbased approaches through the humanitarian sector, The International Journal of Human Rights. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13642987.2021.1916476: 1–21.
Borchgrevink, Kaja & Marta Bivand Erdal (2021) The Necessity of Taking a Loan, and the Necessity of Not Doing So: Islamic Finance among Muslim Minorities in Denmark and Norway, Nordic Journal of Religion and Society 34(2): 117–129.
Buhaug, Halvard & Nina von Uexkull (2021) Vicious circles: Violence, vulnerability, and climate change, Annual Review of Environment and Resources 46: 545–568.
Buhaug, Halvard; Mihai Croicu; Hanne Fjelde & Nina von Uexkull (2021) A Conditional Model of Local Income Shock and Civil Conflict, Journal of Politics 83(1): 354–366.
Carling, Jørgen; Marta Bivand Erdal & Cathrine Talleraas (2021) Living in two countries: Transnational living as an alternative to migration, Population, Space and Place 27(5): e2471.
Cimini, Giulia & Ruth Hanau Santini (2021) Applying Principal-Agent Theory to Security Force Assistance: The Atypical Case of Post-2015 Tunisia, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding 15(5): 665–681.
Dahl, Marianne; Scott Gates; Belen Gonzalez & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2021) Accounting for numbers: Group characteristics and the choice of violent and nonviolent tactics, The Economics of Peace and Security Journal 16(1): 5–25.
Dumaine, Logan; Ragnhild Nordås; Maria Gargiulo & Elisabeth J. Wood (2021) Repertoires of conflict-related sexual violence: Introducing the RSVAC data package, Journal of Peace Research. DOI: 10.1177/00223433211044674.
Dwyer, Maggie (2021) Security Force Assistance to The Gambia Following the 2017 Political Transition: A Recipe for Further Fragmentation?, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding 15(5): 630–646.
Dyrstad, Karin; Kristin M. Bakke & Helga Malmin Binningsbø (2021) Perceptions of Peace Agreements and Political Trust in Post-War Guatemala, Nepal, and Northern Ireland, International Peacekeeping. DOI: 10.1080/13533312.2020.1869541.
Eck, Kristine; Sophia Hatz; Charles Crabtree & Atsushi Tago (2021) Evade and Deceive? Citizen Responses to Online Surveillance, Journal of Politics 83(4): 1545–1558.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Arnfinn H. Midtbøen (2021) ‘Birthplace unknown’: on the symbolic value of the passport for identity-construction among naturalised citizens, Identities. DOI: 10.1080/1070289X.2021.1933827.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Katrine Fangen (2021) A state-centred conception of nationhood? Norwegian bureaucrats on the nation, Ethnicities. DOI: 10.1177/14687968211012567.
Erdal, Marta Bivand (2021) Migrants’ Multifocal Sedentarism: Ambivalent Belonging and Desired Recognition in Transnational Social Fields Connecting Pakistan and Norway, Journal of Intercultural Studies. DOI: 10.1080/07256868.2021.1971167.
Ezzati, Rojan Tordhol (2021) ‘United through our values’? Expressing unity through value-talk after terrorism in France and Norway, Migration Studies. DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnab033.
Fangen, Katrine & Lisanne Lichtenberg (2021) Gender and family rhetoric on the German far right, Patterns of Prejudice. DOI: 10.1080/0031322X.2021.1898815: 1–23.
Ganson, Brian & Kristian Hoelscher (2021) Theorising MSMEs in Contexts of Urban Violence, Journal of Illicit Economies and Development 2(2): 222–241.
Gartzke, Erik & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2021) Ties that Bias in International Conflict: A Spatial Approach to Dyadic Dependence from Alliance Ties and Inbetweenness, International Studies Quarterly. DOI: 10.1093/isq/sqab082.
Gilmore, Elisabeth & Halvard Buhaug (2021) Climate mitigation policies and the potential pathways to conflict: Outlining a research agenda, WIREs Climate Change. DOI: 10.1002/wcc.722.
Gizelis, Ismene; Steve Pickering & Henrik Urdal (2021) Conflict on the urban fringe: Urbanization, environmental stress, and urban unrest in Africa, Political Geography 86: 102357–.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Luke Abbs (2021) Ticked off, but scared off? Riots and the fate of nonviolent campaigns, Mobilization 26(1): 21–39.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; Mauricio Rivera & Bárbara Zárate-Tenório (2021) Can Education Reduce Violent Crime? Evidence from Mexico before and after the Drug War Onset, Journal of Development Studies. DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2021.1971649.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (2021) This time is different! Or perhaps not? Neomalthusians and cornucopians in the age of climate change, Journal of Peace Research 58(1): 1–9.
Goetz, Stefan; Toe Aung; John Adams; Clint McKenna; Catherine Hess; Stiven Roytman; Joey T. Cheng; Samuele Zilioli & David Puts (2021) Low fundamental and formant frequencies predict fighting ability among male mixed martial arts fighters, Scientific Reports 11(1).
Hatay, Mete & Rebecca Bryant (2021) Performing peace: Vernacular reconciliation and the diplomacy of return in Cyprus, Journal of Refugee Studies. DOI: 10.1093/jrs/feab003/6252979.
Hegre, Håvard; Curtis Bell; Michael Colaresi; Mihai Croicu; Frederick Hoyles; Remco Jansen; Maxine Ria Leis; Angelica Lindqvist-McGowan; David Randahl; Espen Geelmuyden Rød & Paola Vesco (2021) ViEWS 2020: Revising and evaluating the ViEWS political Violence Early-Warning System, Journal of Peace Research 58(3): 599–611.
Hegre, Håvard; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Peder Landsverk (2021) Can We Predict Armed Conflict? How the First 9 Years of Published Forecasts Stand Up to Reality, International Studies Quarterly 65(3): 660–668.
Heinze, Anna-Sophie & Manes Weisskircher (2021) No Strong Leaders Needed? AfD Party Organisation Between Collective Leadership, Internal Democracy, and “Movement‐Party” Strategy, Politics and Governance 9(4): 263–274.
Hoch, Jannis M.; Sophie P. de Bruin; Halvard Buhaug; Nina von Uexkull; Rens van Beek & Niko Wanders (2021) Projecting armed conflict risk in Africa towards 2050 along the SSP-RCP scenarios: a machine learning approach, Environmental Research Letters 16(12): 124068–.
Horst, Cindy & Odin Lysaker (2021) Miracles in Dark Times: Hannah Arendt and Refugees as ‘Vanguard’, Journal of Refugee Studies 34(1): 67–84.
Horst, Cindy & Tore Vincents Olsen (2021) Transnational Citizens, Cosmopolitan Outlooks? Migration as a Route to Cosmopolitanism, Nordic Journal of Migration Research 11(1): 4–19.
Jensehaugen, Jørgen (2021) A Palestinian window of opportunity? The PLO, the US and the Iranian hostage crisis, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 48(4): 596–610.
Kamerlin, Shina Caroline Lynn; David J. Allen; Bas de Bruin; Etienne Derat & Henrik Urdal (2021) Journal Open Access and Plan S: Solving Problems or Shifting Burdens?, Development and Change. DOI: 10.1111/dech.12635.
Kolås, Åshild & Lacin Idil Oztig (2021) From towers to walls: Trump’s border wall as entrepreneurial performance, Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space. DOI: 10.1177/23996544211003097.
Kristensen, Anders; Tobias Ide & Henrikas Bartusevičius (2021) First comes the river, then comes the conflict? A qualitative comparative analysis of flood-related political unrest, Journal of Peace Research 58(1): 83–97.
Kuol, Luka Biong Deng & Joel Amegboh (2021) Rethinking National Security Strategies in Africa, International Relations and Diplomacy 9(1): 1–17.
Le Billion, Philippe; Päivi Lujala & Siri Aas Rustad (2021) Transparency in Environmental and Resource Governance: Theories of Change for the EITI, Global Environmental Politics 21(3): 124–146.
Leon-Ablan, Gabriel; Toke Aidt & Max Satchell (2021) The Social Dynamics of Collective Action: Evidence from the Diffusion of the Swing Riots, 1830–1831, Journal of Politics. DOI: 10.1086/714784.
Linke, Andrew & Andreas Forø Tollefsen (2021) Environmental stress and agricultural landownership in Africa, Global Environmental Change 67(102237).
Linke, Andrew & Brett Ruether (2021) Weather, wheat, and war: Security implications of climate variability for conflict in Syria, Journal of Peace Research 58(1): 114–131.
Lorentzen, Jenny (2021) Frictional interactions on Women, Peace and Security in Mali, The Journal of Modern African Studies 59(4): 463–483.
Lorentzen, Jenny (2021) Women as ‘new security actors’ in preventing and countering violent extremism in Mali, International Affairs 97(3): 721–738.
Loyle, Cyanne; Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham; Reyko Huang & Danielle F Jung (2021) New Directions in Rebel Governance Research, Perspectives on Politics. DOI: 10.1017/S1537592721001985.
Marsh, Nicholas & Øystein H. Rolandsen (2021) Fragmented We Fall: Security Sector Cohesion and the Impact of Foreign Security Force Assistance in Mali, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding. DOI: 10.1080/17502977.2021.1988226: 614–629.
Martins, Bruno Oliveira & Jocelyn Mawdsley (2021) Sociotechnical Imaginaries of EU Defence: The Past and the Future in the European Defence Fund, Journal of Common Market Studies. DOI: 10.1111/jcms.13197.
Martins, Bruno Oliveira; Chantal Lavallée & Andrea Silkoset (2021) Drone Use for COVID-19 Related Problems: Techno-solutionism and its Societal Implications, Global Policy. DOI: 10.1111/1758-5899.13007.
Miklian, Jason & Kristian Hoelscher (2021) SMEs and Exogenous Shocks: A Conceptual Literature Review and Forward Research Agenda, International Small Business Journal 40(2): 178–204.
Miklian, Jason; John Elias Katsos; Brian Ganson; Benedicte Bull; Kristian Hoelscher; Sarah Cechvala; Øystein H. Rolandsen; Angelika Rettberg & Benjamin Miller (2021) What Covid-19 Taught Us About Doing Business During a Crisis, Harvard Business Review.
Nordås, Ragnhild & Dara Kay Cohen (2021) Conflict-related sexual violence, Annual Review of Political Science 24: 193–211.
Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv; Gudmund Horn Hermansen & Carl Henrik Knutsen (2021) Characterizing and Assessing Temporal Heterogeneity: Introducing a Change Point Framework, with Applications on the Study of Democratization, Political Analysis 29(4): 485–504.
Olsson, Louise & Erika Forsberg (2021) Examining Gender Inequality and Armed Conflict at the Subnational Level, Journal of Global Security Studies. DOI: 10.1093/jogss/ogaa023.
Olsson, Louise & Madhav Joshi (2021) War termination and women's political rights, Social Science Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2020.102523.
Østby, Gudrun; Olga Shemyakina; Andreas Forø Tollefsen; Henrik Urdal & Marijke Verpoorten (2021) Public Health and Armed Conflict: Immunization in Times of Systemic Disruptions, Population and Development Review. DOI: 10.1111/padr.12450.
Otteni, Cyrill & Manes Weisskircher (2021) Global warming and polarization. Wind turbines and the electoral success of the greens and the populist radical right, European Journal of Political Research. DOI: 10.1111/1475-6765.12487.
Palik, Júlia (2021) Watchdogs of Pause: The Challenges of Ceasefire Monitoring in Yemen, International Peacekeeping. DOI: 10.1080/13533312.2021.1918004.
Pfaff, Katharina & Alejandro Quiro Flores (2021) Private provision of public goods and political survival: Rail transport in four European democracies in the 20th century, Research in Transportation Economics.
Pfaff, Katharina & Christian Bjørnskov (2021) Differences matter: the effect of coup types on physical integrity rights, European Journal of Political Economy.
Pfaff, Katharina; Eric Neumayer & Thomas Pluemper (2021) Protest Against COVID-19 Containment Policies in European Countries, Protest Against COVID-19 Containment Policies in European Countries.
Pfaff, Katharina; Eric Neumayer & Thomas Pluemper (2021) The strategy of protest against Covid‐19 containment policies in Germany, Social Science Quarterly. DOI: 10.1111/ssqu.13066.
Rickard, Kit & Kristin M. Bakke (2021) Legacies of Wartime Order: Punishment Attacks and Social Control in Northern Ireland, Security Studies 30(4): 603–636.
Rolandsen, Øystein H.; Maggie Dwyer & William Reno (2021) Security Force Assistance to Fragile States: A Framework of Analysis, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding. DOI: 10.1080/17502977.2021.1988224: 563–579.
Rosvold, Elisabeth Lio & Halvard Buhaug (2021) GDIS, a global dataset of geocoded disaster locations, Scientific Data 8(61): 1–7.
Roy, Kaushik (2021) Focusing on India’s Look East Policy: India–China relationship from 1947 to 2020, International Area Studies Review 24(2): 79–96.
Roy, Kaushik (2021) Kalaha, Vigraha and Yuddha in Ancient India: Circa 500 BCE- Circa 650 CE, Small Wars & Insurgencies. DOI: 10.1080/09592318.2021.1975525.
Rudolfsen, Ida (2021) Food price increase and urban unrest: The role of societal organizations, Journal of Peace Research 58(2): 215–230.
Rustad, Siri Aas; Helga Malmin Binningsbø; Haakon Gjerløw; Francis Mwesigye; Tony Odokonyero & Gudrun Østby (2021) Maternal Health Care Among Refugees and Host Communities in Northern Uganda: Access, Quality, and Discrimination, Frontiers in Global Women's Health 2.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2021) Digital Refugee Lawyering: Risk, Legal Knowledge, and Accountability, Refugee Survey Quarterly 40(4): 414–432.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2021) Refugees and the Scope for Mandatory COVID-19 Vaccination, Cornell International Law Journal 54: 16–20.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2021) The Norwegian COVID-19 Tracing App Experiment: Lessons for Governance and Civic Activism, IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 40(3): 66–73.
Schutte, Sebastian; Constantin Ruhe & Andrew Linke (2021) How indiscriminate violence fuels conflicts between groups: Evidence from Kenya, Social Science Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2021.102653.
Schutte, Sebastian; Constantin Ruhe & Niranjan Sahoo (2021) How Fear of Violence Drives Intergroup Conflict: Evidence from a Panel Survey in India, Terrorism and Political Violence. DOI: 10.1080/09546553.2021.1903439.
Schutte, Sebastian; Jonas Vestby; Jørgen Carling & Halvard Buhaug (2021) Climatic conditions are weak predictors of asylum migration, Nature Communications 12: 2067–.
Szulecki, Kacper; Davide Bertelli; Marta Bivand Erdal; Anatolie Cosciug; Angelina Kussy & Gabriella Mikiewicz (2021) To vote or not to vote? Migrant electoral (dis)engagement in an enlarged Europe, Migration Studies. DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnab025.
Tartir, Alaa & Nicolas Florquin (2021) Urban Peace-Building through Community-Based Initiatives to Control SALWs in Libya, Journal of Illicit Economies and Development 2(2): 99–103.
Thomson, Henry; Halvard Buhaug; Henrik Urdal & Elisabeth Lio Rosvold (2021) Group organization, elections and urban political mobilization in the developing world, Democratization. DOI: 10.1080/13510347.2021.1944117.
Toft, Monica Duffy (2021) Getting Religion Right in Civil Wars, Journal of Conflict Resolution 65(9): 1607–1634.
Tønnesson, Stein; Min Zaw Oo & Maung Ne Lynn Aung (2021) Non-inclusive ceasefires do not bring peace: findings from Myanmar, Small Wars & Insurgencies. DOI: 10.1080/09592318.2021.1991141: 1–37.
Tønnesson, Stein; Min Zaw Oo & Maung Ne Lynn Aung (2021) Pretending to be States: The Use of Facebook by Armed Groups in Myanmar, Journal of Contemporary Asia. DOI: 10.1080/00472336.2021.1905865.
Tziarras, Zenonas (2021) International Competition and Cooperation in the New Eastern Mediterranean, Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies. DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190846626.013.654.
Vesco, Paola; Matija Kovacic; Malcolm Mistry & Mihai Croicu (2021) Climate variability, crop and conflict: Exploring the impacts of spatial concentration in agricultural production, Journal of Peace Research 58(1): 98–113.
Vestby, Jonas; Halvard Buhaug & Nina von Uexkull (2021) Why do some poor countries see armed conflict while others do not? A dual sector approach, World Development 138: 105273–.
von Uexkull, Nina & Halvard Buhaug (2021) Security implications of climate change: A decade of scientific progress, Journal of Peace Research 58(1): 3–17.

PhD Thesis

Jdid, Noor (2021) "Taking part in society the way I am" An exploration of active citizenship norms in Denmark and Norway. PhD thesis, Centre for Women’s and Gender Research (SKOK), University of Bergen, Bergen.
Rudolfsen, Ida (2021) Fighting For Food? Investigating Food Insecurity as a Source of Urban Unrest. PhD thesis, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Monograph

Bryant, Rebecca & Mete Hatay (2021) Askıdaki Egemenlik: Kuzey Kıbrıs'ta De Facto Devletin İnşası [(Suspended Sovereignity)]. İstanbul: İletişim. Research and Analysis.
Gjerløw, Haakon; Carl Henrik Knutsen; Tore Wig & Matthew Wilson (2021) One Road to Riches? How State Building and Democratization Affect Economic Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Elements in Political Economy.
Kuol, Luka Biong Deng (2021) Confronting Civil War in Africa. Perth, Australia: Africa World Books.
Kuol, Luka Biong Deng (2021) Why Does Famine Persist in Africa?. Perth, Australia: Africa World Books.
Roy, Kaushik (2021) A Global History of Pre-Modern Warfare: Before the Rise of the West, 10,000 BCE–1500 CE. Abingdon: Routledge. Cass Military Studies.

Book Chapter

Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia and the Arctic: High Ambitions, Modernized Capabilties and Risky Setbacks, in Graeme P. Herd, ed., Russia's Global Reach: a Security and Statecraft Assessment. Garmisch-Partenkirchen: George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies (25–33).
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russian Nuclear Instruments and Arms Control Approaches, in Graeme P. Herd, ed., Russia's Global Reach: a Security and Statecraft Assessment. Garmisch-Partenkirchen: George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies (91–100).
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia's Security Interests and Military Build-up in the Arctic, in Gaens, Bart; & Kristi Raik, eds, Nordic-Baltic Connectivity with Asia via the Baltic. Tallinn: ICDS (32–56).
Casiraghi, Simone; James Peter Burgess & Kristoffer Lidén (2021) Ethics and border control technologies, in Burgess, James Peter; & Dariusz (Darek) Kloza, eds, Border Control and New Technologies: Addressing Integrated Impact Assessment. Brussels: ASP Academic and Scientific Publishers (81–97).
Casiraghi, Simone; James Peter Burgess & Kristoffer Lidén (2021) Social acceptance and border control technologies, in Border Control and New Technologies: Addressing Integrated Impact Assessment. Brussels: ASP Academic and Scientific Publishers (99–115).
Checkel, Jeffrey T. (2021) Process Tracing and International Political Economy, in Pevehouse, Jon C. W.; & Leonard Seabrooke, eds, The Oxford Handbook of International Political Economy. Oxford: OUP.
De Lauri, Antonio & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2021) Public Anthropology in the Digital Era, in Callan, Hilary; & Simon Coleman, eds, The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Hoboken, New Jersey, United States: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd..
Deglow, Annekatrin & Hanne Fjelde (2021) The Quality of Government and Civil Conflict, in Bågenholm, Andreas; Monika Bauhr; Marcia Grimes; & Bo Rothstein, eds, Oxford University Press Handbook on the Quality of Government. Oxford: Oxford University Press (781–800).
Gattinara, Pietro Castelli & Caterina Froio (2021) The Mainstream Right and its Allie, in Riding the Populist Wave: Europe s Mainstream Right in Crisis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (170–192).
Gattinara, Pietro Castelli & Lorenzo Zamponi (2021) Politicizing support and opposition to migration in France: the EU asylum policy crisis and direct social activism, in Voltolin, Benedetta; Michal Natorski; & Colin Hay, eds, Crisis & Politicisation: the Framing and Re- framing of Europe s Permanent Crisis. New York: Routledge.
Grabska, Katarzyna & Azza Ahmed Abdel Aziz (2021) Epilogue. Negotiations of Multiple Identities and the Polemics of Living In-Betweenness: In Conversation with Stella Gaitano, in Casciarri, Barbara; Alice Franck; & Idris Salim El-Hassan, eds, In-Betweenness in Greater Khartoum: Spaces, Temporalities, and Identities from Separation to Revolution. Oxford: Berghahn Books.
Grabska, Katarzyna (2021) Translocal Citizenship of the Margins: Nuer Negotiations of Belonging in Khartoum, in Franck, Alice; Barbara Casciarri; & Idris Salim El-Hassan, eds, In-Betweenness in Greater Khartoum: Spaces, Temporalities, and Identities from Separation to Revolution. Oxford: Berghahn Books.
Hatay, Mete & Ali Dayıoğlu (2021) Cyprus, in Stephanie Müssig, EZIRE, et al., ed., Yearbook of Muslims in Europe Volume 13. Netherlands: Brill (270–301).
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen & Elisa Pascucci (2021) Conclusion: Citizen Humanitarianism Beyond the "Crisis", in Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; & Elisa Pascucci, eds, Citizen Humanitarianism at European Borders. London and New York: Routledge (190–198).
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen & Elisa Pascucci (2021) Introduction: Citizen Humanitarianism at European Borders, in Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; & Elisa Pascucci, eds, Citizen Humanitarianism at European Borders. London and New York: Routledge (1–14).
Lidén, Kristoffer (2021) The Ethics of Liberal Peacebuilding, in Richmond, Oliver P.; & Gëzim Visoka, eds, The Oxford Handbook of Peacebuilding, Statebuilding, and Peace Formation. Oxford: Oxford University Press (42–58).
Marsh, Nicholas & Lauren Pinson (2021) Arms trafficking, in The Routledge Handbook of Smuggling. London: Routledge (213–227).
Nilsen, Marte (2021) “We Are Alive, but Have No Life”: Rohingya Refugees, Deprived of the Prospects for a Future, in Arild Engelsen Ruud, ed., Masks of Authoritarianism: Hegemony, Power and Public Life in Bangladesh. Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan (221–235).
Nygaard, Lynn P. & Maria Savva (2021) Belonging and becoming in academia: a conceptual framework, in Savva, Maria; & Lynn P. Nygaard, eds, Becoming a Scholar: Cross-cultural reflections on identity and agency in an education doctorate. London: UCL Press (10–26).
Nygaard, Lynn P. (2021) Into the fray: becoming an academic in my own right, in Savva, Maria; & Lynn P. Nygaard, eds, Becoming a Scholar: Cross-cultural reflections on identity and agency in an education doctorate. London: UCL Press (121–135).
Reichberg, Gregory M. & Henrik Syse (2021) Applying AI on the Battlefield: The Ethical Debates, in von Braun, Joachim; Margaret S. Archer; Gregory M. Reichberg; & Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo, eds, Robotics, AI, and Humanity: Science, Ethics, and Policy. Cham: Springer (147–159).
Roy, Kaushik (2021) Combat Motivation of the Sepoys and Sowars during the First World War, in Kumar, Ashutosh; & Claude Markovits, eds, Indian Soldiers in the First World War: Re-visiting a Global Conflict. Abingdon: Routledge (41–62).
Roy, Kaushik (2021) Martial Race Theory and Recruitment in the Indian Army during Two World Wars, in Delaney, Douglas E.; Mark Frost; & Andrew L. Brown, eds, Manpower and the Armies of the British Empire in the Two World Wars. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press (86–100).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2021) The Digital Transformation of Refugee Governance, in Costello, Cathryn; Michelle Foster; & Jane McAdam, eds, The Oxford Handbook of International Refugee Law. Oxford: OUP (1007–1026).
Savva, Maria & Lynn P. Nygaard (2021) The 'peripheral' student in academia: an analysis, in Savva, Maria; & Lynn P. Nygaard, eds, Becoming a Scholar: Cross-cultural reflections on identity and agency in an education doctorate. London: UCL Press (154–172).
Skjelsbæk, Inger & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2021) Protecting the brand? The hesitant incorporation of gender equality in the peace nation, in Larsen, Eirinn; Sigrun Marie Moss; & Inger Skjelsbæk, eds, Gender Equality and Nation Branding in the Nordic Region. London: Routledge (113–133).
Toft, Monica Duffy (2021) In Divine Time, in Sheikh, Mona Kanwal; & Isak Svensson, eds, Religion, Conflict, and Global Society: a Festschrift celebrating Mark Juergensmeyer. Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (37–44).
Toft, Monica Duffy (2021) Wombfare: the weaponization of fertility, in Jennifer D. Sciubba, ed., A Research Agenda for Political Demography. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing (101–114).
Wildeman, Jeremy & Alaa Tartir (2021) Political Economy of Foreign Aid in the Occupied Palestinian Territories: A Conceptual Framing, in Tartir, Alaa; Tariq Dana; & Timothy Seidel, eds, Political Economy of Palestine: Critical, Interdisciplinary, and Decolonial Perspectives. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan (223–247).
Wilén, Nina (2021) Justifying Interventions: The Case of ECOWAS in Liberia, in Simon, Hendrik; & Lothar Brock, eds, The Justification of War and International Order: from Past to Present. Oxford: Oxford University Press (339–354).

Edited Volume

Hatay, Mete (ed.) (2021) Kıbrıs'ın En Uzun Yüzyılı [The Longest Century of Cyprus]. Istanbul: Kalkedon.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; & Elisa Pascucci, eds, (2021) Citizen Humanitarianism at European Borders. London and New York: Routledge. Humanitarian Studies series.
Kobayashi, Tetsuro; & Atsushi Tago, eds, (2021) Japanese Public Sentiment on South Korea: Popular Opinion and International Relations. Abingdon: Routledge. Routledge Focus.
Savva, Maria; & Lynn P. Nygaard, eds, (2021) Becoming a Scholar: Cross-cultural reflections on identity and agency in an education doctorate. London: UCL Press.
Tartir, Alaa; Tariq Dana; & Timothy Seidel, eds, (2021) Political Economy of Palestine: Critical, Interdisciplinary, and Decolonial Perspectives. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan. Middle East Today.
von Braun, Joachim; Margaret S. Archer; Gregory M. Reichberg; & Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo, eds, (2021) Robotics, AI, and Humanity: Science, Ethics, and Policy. Cham: Springer.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Allen, Nathaniel & Luka Biong Deng Kuol (2021) Civil-Military Relations and Sudan’s Treacherous Path to Democracy, Texas National Security Review.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin's designs for German timidity perpetuating European discord, The National Interest.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia and China: A Mutually Exaggerated Strategic Partnership?, China Brief 21(20): 16–20.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia and Turkey Deconflict Their Geopolitical Moves in the Caucasus, Georgetown Journal of International Affairs.
Brazys, Samuel; Arusha Cooray; Åshild Kolås & Krishna Vadlamannati (2021) Editorial: New conversations in development studies, Journal of International Development 33(6): 947–952.
Tønnesson, Stein (2021) Missed opportunities question the inevitability of Indochina Wars, Southeast Asia Globe.
Tønnesson, Stein (2021) The 'Global We' and the Great Powers, Global Asia 16(4): 19–23.
Tønnesson, Stein (2021) The Haiphong Massacre of 1946 is a severe illustration of empire, Southeast Asia Globe(23112021): 1–4.
Tziarras, Zenonas (2021) Energy and Sovereignty in the new Geopolitics of the Eastern Mediterranean, Oxford Energy Forum(126): 58–61.

Popular Article

Akal, Ayşe Bala (2021) Denmark leading the race to the bottom: Hostility as a form of migration control, RLI Blog on Refugee Law and Forced Migration, 29 September.
Akal, Ayşe Bala (2021) European Union-Belarus Border Crisis: Why the narrative of “hybrid warfare” is dangerous, RLI Blog on Refugee Law and Forced Migration, 18 November.
Aning, Kwesi & Ilana Axelrod (2021) Tackling extremism bolstered by foreign, domestic assistance, Graphic Online, 26 August.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) A new surge of external aggressiveness?, Washington post, 28 January.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) A Stability Check in US-Russian Relations, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 8 November.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Amidst seemingly easing tensions, Putin left much unsaid in speech to parliament, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 26 April.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) August Anniversaries in Russia: A Litany of Bad Memories, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 16 August.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Autocratic symbiosis drags Belarus and Russia down, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 9 August.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Contradictory US and Russian messaging on the Biden-Putin Geneva summit, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 14 June.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Distortions in Russian economic policy exposed at pompous forum, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 7 June.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Fake elections and Russia's belligerent foreign policy, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 20 September.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Kremlin Tests Limits of New US Administration, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 25 January.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Moscow cannot find opening to boost its role in the Middle East, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 17 May.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Naval parade plays into Putin's dangerous vanity, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 26 July.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Navalny Has Set a Damning Dilemma for Putin's Regime, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 20 January.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Penned in on multiple international issues, Putin strives to show resolve on Ukraine, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 12 April.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin pauses, but Russia's propensity for trouble-making persists, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 3 May.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin Postures as a ‘Davos Man’ While Bolstering His Autocracy, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 1 February.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin’s Valdai Platitudes Obscure Worsening Domestic Situation, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 25 October.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin's fixation on Ukraine is demagogic, delusional and dangerous, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 19 July.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin's paranoia, more than nuclear weapons and oil, make Russia dangerous, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 2 August.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin's penchant for drawing and crossing "red lines", Eurasia Daily Monitor, 6 July.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin's predictable Syrian compromise amidst hostile Russian behavior, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 12 July.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin's satisfaction with Geneva summit will not last, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 21 June.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia and America's overlapping legacies in Afghanistan, Order from Chaos, 18 August.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia Blackmails and Courts Europe, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 15 February.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia Defiant of White House’s Foreign Policy Agenda, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 8 February.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia finds itself marginalized between China and reuniting West, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 29 March.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia predictable steps up attacks on US-European unity, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 28 June.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia recoils from possibility of stable relations with US, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 10 May.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia takes measure of how Afghanistan resonates in the Middle East, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 7 September.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia tries to counter US moves in the Middle East, in vain, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 1 March.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia’s Looming Year of Predictable Stagnancy, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 11 January.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russian gas, German elections, and US sanctions, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 27 September.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russian-style multilateralism: Decorative and ineffectual, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 13 September.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia's four diplomatic encounters and a summit, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 4 October.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia's historical markers and a hampered future, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 9 March.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Special services aggravate bad governance in Russia, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 15 March.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Spurning pair of international summits, Putin denounces globalization, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 1 November.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) The anniversary that Russia fails to internalize, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 13 December.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) The Arctic prelude to a "stabilization" summit, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 24 May.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) The EU-Russia antagonism stretches from Ukraine to the Arctic, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 18 October.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) The Kremlin's quandry with supporing an isolated Belarus, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 1 June.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Two words that shook Putin's regime, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 22 March.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) War scare is Putin's natural element, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 5 April.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) West's renewed focus on solidarity and coordination perturbs Kremlin, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 22 February.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) What Difference Will the Nobel Peace Prize Make in Russia?, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 12 October.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Year 2020 in Review: The Maturation of Russia's Autocracy, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 4 January.
Bakke, Kristin M. & Kit Rickard (2021) Northern Ireland: how to understand the influence of paramilitary groups, The Conversation, 12 April.
Benjaminsen, Tor Arve; Halvard Buhaug & Stig Jarle Hansen (2021) De egentlige årsakene til konflikter tåkelegges, Morgenbladet, 7 April.
Berg, Kjersti G.; Are Knudsen & Jørgen Jensehaugen (2021) Gazastripen etter våpenhvilen [Gaza after the ceasefire], Dagens Næringsliv, 28 May.
Buhaug, Halvard & Nina von Uexkull (2021) Climate-conflict research: A decade of scientific progress, New Security Beat, 23 February.
Carling, Jørgen (2021) What makes people want to migrate? One chart sums it up, The Startup, 2 February.
Carrozza, Ilaria & Henrik Buljo Anstorp (2021) Kommer Kina til å gjenoppbygge Afghanistan, Irak og Syria? [Will China rebuild Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria?], Aftenposten, 4 September.
Chang, Patty; Louise Olsson & Angela Muvumba Sellström (2021) Advancing Women, Peace and Security in the UN Security Council: Critical Choices for Elected Member States, IPI Global Observatory, 7 October.
Cole, August (2021) Left of Beep: The United States Needs an Algorithmic War Group, War on the rocks, 9 December.
DaoudaDiallo, Bilkassa (2021) Niger’s Kandadji Dam Project: Conflict Concerns, PRIO Blogs, 9 November.
Dupuy, Kendra (2021) Good Reads: Resource Sovereignty, PRIO Blogs, 26 November.
EU Research, (2021) Can climate variability spark conflict?, EU Research, 11 October.
Fangen, Katrine (2021) Democracy’s Scars: Adorno’s Lecture on Right-Wing Radicalism, PRIO Blogs, 14 July.
Fangen, Katrine (2021) Why did Muslims become the new enemy in Europe?, Right Now!, 9 July.
Haer, Roos; Gudrun Østby; Siri Aas Rustad & Andrew Arasmith (2021) 1 in 8 Children Are at Risk of Being Recruited by Armed Actors, PRIO Blog, 30 November.
Hatay, Mete (2021) Insel Unter Einfluss, Wie Ankara versucht, die Geschichte Nordzyperns umzuschreiben [Island Under Influence], Le Monde Diplomatique (Special Edition on Turkey), 2 May.
Jensehaugen, Jørgen & Erling Lorentzen Sogge (2021) The Palestinian elections that weren't, The Loop, 22 May.
Jensehaugen, Jørgen & Kjersti G. Berg (2021) The politics of refugee relief: UNRWA and the ongoing funding crisis, Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies Blog, 28 January.
Joshi, Madhav & Louise Olsson (2021) What's at stake for women in Afghanistan, Political Violence at a Glance, 15 April.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2021) When the storm subsides: what happened to grassroots initiatives assisting refugees?, ISS blog on Global Development and Social Justice, 28 May.
Kuol, Luka Biong Deng (2021) Lessons from a Decade of South Sudanese Statehood, Africa Center for Strategic Studies, 29 June.
Kuol, Luka Biong Deng (2021) What Sudan and South Sudan stand to gain by reopening their border, The Conversation, 21 September.
McNeish, John-Andrew & Mikaela Vasstrøm (2021) Green Energy Development and Transition: Have we seen this film before?, PRIO Blogs, 4 May.
Muvumba Sellström, Angela; Louise Olsson; Stephen Moncrief; Karin Johansson; Chiara Ruffa; Amelia Hoover Green; Ann-Kristin ‘Anki’ Sjöberg; Roudabeh Kishi & Elisabeth J. Wood (2021) New Perspectives on Preventing Conflict-Related Sexual Violence, The International Peace Institute (IPI) Global Observatory, 16 February.
Nagel, Robert; Ragnhild Nordås; Gudrun Østby; Siri Aas Rustad & Andreas Forø Tollefsen (2021) 72 Million Children Are at Risk for Sexual Violence in Conflict. What Can Be Done?, PRIO Blog, 19 February.
Nilsen, Marte (2021) Tid for solidaritet med Myanmar, Bistandsaktuelt, 13 December.
Nordås, Ragnhild & Robert Nagel (2021) Report back better, Foreign Policy, 7 May.
Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv; Håvard Hegre & Peder Landsverk (2021) Kan vi forutse krig? Studier gir grunn til optimisme [Can we predict conflict? Studies give cause for optimism], Aftenposten, 26 January.
Olsson, Louise & Madhav Joshi (2021) What's Next for Women's Rights in Afghanistan?, Political Violence @ a Glance, 13 September.
Østby, Gudrun & Ragnhild Nordås (2021) Protection of Education in Conflict Zones – a Step in the Right Direction, PRIO Blog, 5 November.
Østby, Gudrun (2021) Jasså, ingen leser oss? [So, nobody reads us?], Aftenposten, 31 October.
Pfaff, Katharina; Thomas Pluemper & Eric Neumayer (2021) Querdenken: the German anti-lockdown movement that thrives on public distrust, LSE Blog, 29 September.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2021) The EU Digital Vaccine Passport as a Social Justice Issue: Problems, solutions, and questions, Global Policy Opinion, 24 March.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Hans Petter Graver & Peter Scharff Smith (2021) The Pomp of Popular Constitutional Outrage: The democratic struggle over the Norwegian Covid-19 curfew proposal, Verfassungsblog, 2 March.
Tartir, Alaa (2021) A new approach to elections in Palestine, Al-Jazzera, 1 May.
Tartir, Alaa (2021) Jerusalem protests: Palestine's new generation rises up, Middle East Eye, 28 April.
Tartir, Alaa (2021) Nizar Banat killing: The world must stop enabling PA crimes, Middle East Eye, 25 June.
Tartir, Alaa (2021) Palestine-Israel: A Reality Check, Institut Montaigne, 4 June.
Tartir, Alaa (2021) Political Economy Of Development In Palestine: A Critical Perspective, Progress in Political Economy, 27 July.
Tartir, Alaa (2021) Will Upcoming Elections Bring Any Change to the Palestinian People?, Institut Montaigne, 3 February.
Tønnesson, Stein (2021) Facebook’s Power in Myanmar, PRIO Blog, 5 February.
Tziarras, Zenonas & Jalel Harchaoui (2021) What Erdogan Really wants in the Eastern Mediterranean, Foreign Policy, 19 January.
VanDeveer, Stacey (2021) Improving Resource Governance and Building Sustainable Peace, PRIO Blogs, 7 May.
von Uexkull, Nina & Halvard Buhaug (2021) Is climate change driving global conflict?, Political Violence at a Glance, 1 February.

PRIO Report

Lorentzen, Jenny (2021) Malian Women’s Participation in the Algiers Negotiations, FAIR Case Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.

Master Thesis

Aadalen, Malin Nærum (2021) The Effects of Different Types of Sectarian Violence on Trust in State- and Societal Institutions: Evidence from Egypt. MA thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
Azba, Natalie (2021) The Illusion of Inclusion: Assessing the Effects and Gendered Implications of Power Sharing. MA thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
Fisher, Kelly (2021) Moving Masculinities: Polish Men's Migration Experiences in Oslo. MA thesis, Centre for Gender Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
Fuglestvedt, Ludvig Fæhn (2021) Legal advocacy for the human rights of asylum seekers: A strategic analysis. MA thesis, Faculty of Law, Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, University of Oslo, Oslo.
Gilbert, Sofie Marianne (2021) Correlates of Sexual Violence in Protest Spaces: Evidence from the Egyptian Revolution. MA thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Oslo.
Kukleci, Teuta (2021) The "Low Road": Ethnic Division and Bosnian Newspaper Coverage of Landmark Cases of Sexual Violence at the ICTY. MA thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Oslo.
Kwe Moo Kham, Klo (2021) The Quest for Peace in Kawthoolei: The Strategies, Outcomes, and Sustainability of Peacebuilding in Southeast Myanmar, 2012-2020. MA thesis, Department of Sociology and Human Geography, University of Oslo, Oslo.
Lunde Colleuille, Erlend (2021) An Impossible Balancing Act: France and the Lebanese Civil War, 1975–1982. MA thesis, Department of Archeology, Conservation and History (IAKH), University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
Nilsen, Amalie (2021) Can Pre-Election Protests Influence Voter Behaviour? The Case of Hong Kong's Anti-ELAB Movement. MA thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
Schirmer-Nilsen, Bjørn (2021) Successful Failure: The Intifada and the Shultz Initiative of 1988. MA thesis, Institute of Archaeology, Conservation and History, University of Oslo, Oslo.

Conference Paper

Bazurli, Raffaele & Els de Graauw (2021) Explaining Variation in City Sanctuary Policies: Lessons from U.S. and European Cities, presented at European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) General Conference, 30 August – 3 September 2021, Virtual event.
Dahl, Marianne; Mauricio Rivera & Håvard Mokleiv Nygård (2021) Defection during dissent and regime transitions, presented at Securing the Victory Workshop, Oslo, 7 December 2021.
Martins, Bruno Oliveira (2021) Public address to the UNOCT on UAS threats against vulnerable targets, including soft targets and critical infrastructure, presented at International Expert Group Meeting on the Protection of Vulnerable Targets and Unmanned Aircraft Systems, UN Office of Counter-Terrorism, 2021.10.06–07.
Olsson, Louise; Patty Chang & Angela Muvumba Sellström (2021) Understanding E10 strategies and influence: Sweden and Women, Peace and Security in the UN Security Council, presented at International Studies Association Annual Convention, Online, April 6.

PRIO Policy Brief

Nagel, Robert; Ragnhild Nordås; Gudrun Østby; Siri Aas Rustad & Andreas Forø Tollefsen (2021) Children at Risk of Wartime Sexual Violence, 1990–2019, Conflict Trends, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Strand, Håvard & Håvard Hegre (2021) Trends in Armed Conflict, 1946–2020, Conflict Trends, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Østby, Gudrun; Siri Aas Rustad & Andrew Arasmith (2021) Children Affected by Armed Conflict, 1990–2020, Conflict Trends, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Pfaff, Katharina; Eric Neumayer & Thomas Plümper (2021) What Affects the Distribution of Protests against Coronavirus Measures?, Conflict Trends, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
Haer, Roos; Gudrun Østby; Siri Aas Rustad & Andrew Arasmith (2021) Children at Risk of Being Recruited for Armed Conflict, 1990–2020, Conflict Trends, 6. Oslo: PRIO.
Gjerløw, Haakon & Solomon Negash (2021) The State of Democracy among Norway’s Partner Countries in Development Policy, Conflict Trends, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Stai, Nora Kristine; Ida Rødningen; Louise Olsson & Andreas Forø Tollefsen (2021) Breaking Down Barriers for Norway’s Deployment of Military Women, GPS Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Clausen, Maria Louise (2021) Piloting Humanitarian Biometrics in Yemen, MidEast Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Predictable and Unexpected Compromise: UN Humanitarian Aid Comes to Syria for Another Year, MidEast Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Bjørn Schirmer-Nilsen (2021) Irresolvable Dilemmas? The Prospects for Repatriation for Syrian Refugees, MidEast Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2021) Afghan Peace Will Require a Neighborly Concert, PRIO Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2021) The Foreign Policy of the Afghan Taliban, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Horst, Cindy & Hassan Aden (2021) Refugee Education: A Long-Term Investment, PRIO Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Sandnes, Marie (2021) The G5 Sahel Joint Force: Operationalisation and Dependency on External Actors, PRIO Policy Brief, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
Nilsen, Marte; Ilaria Carrozza; Øystein H. Rolandsen & Amara Thiha (2021) China in Myanmar: Complex Engagements, Complicated Relations, PRIO Policy Brief, 6. Oslo: PRIO.
Bala Akal, Ayşe & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2021) The EU and Offshore Asylum Processing: Why Looking to Australia Is Not a Way Forward, PRIO Policy Brief, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Loyle, Cyanne; Dacan Nobert; Nkayimbi Sarah; Acen Susan Oroma & Lino Owor Ogora (2021) Justice during the War with the Lord’s Resistance Army in Uganda, PRIO Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Marsh, Nicholas & Júlia Palik (2021) Negotiating Disarmament: Lessons Learnt from Colombia, Nepal, the Philippines, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, PRIO Policy Brief, 9. Oslo: PRIO.
Stai, Nora Kristine & Bruno Oliveira Martins (2021) Norway’s Policy on Emerging Military Technologies: Widening the Debate on AI and Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems, PRIO Policy Brief, 11. Oslo: PRIO.
Carrozza, Ilaria & Henrik Buljo Anstorp (2021) Protecting Interests in Highly Volatile Countries: China’s Engagement in Iraq and Syria, PRIO Policy Brief, 13. Oslo: PRIO.
Marsh, Nicholas & Ilaria Carrozza (2021) Human Rights Violations and the Security Forces in Mali and Niger, PRIO Policy Brief, 14. Oslo: PRIO.
Brekke, Torkel; Kaja Borchgrevink & Edin Kozaric (2021) Islamic Finance, Religious Norms and Financial Practices, PRIO Policy Brief, 15. Oslo: PRIO.
Carling, Jørgen & Marta Bivand Erdal (2021) Religiøsitet og boligeierskap blant muslimer i Norge [Religiosity and Home Ownership among Muslims in Norway], PRIO Policy Brief, 16. Oslo: PRIO.
Carling, Jørgen & Marta Bivand Erdal (2021) Religiosity and Home Ownership among Muslims in Norway, PRIO Policy Brief, 16. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Paper

Amador III, Julio; Deryk Matthew N. Baladjay; Ilaria Carrozza; Marte Nilsen & Øystein H. Rolandsen (2021) An Appraisal of Philippines-China Security Relations under the Duterte Administration (2016–2020), PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Andersson, Magnus Seland & Hilde Henriksen Waage (2021) The Geopolitics of Syria’s Reconstruction, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Anstorp, Henrik Buljo & Cindy Horst (2021) Broadening the Concept of Humanitarian Accountability, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Bertelli, Davide; Marta Bivand Erdal; Kacper Szulecki; Anatolie Cosciug; Angelina Kussy; Gabriella Mikiewicz & Corina Tulbure (2021) Migrant Political Engagement and Voting from Abroad: Insights from Interviews with Polish and Romanian Migrants in Barcelona and Oslo, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Brekke, Torkel; Siri Aas Rustad; Kaja Borchgrevink & Edin Kozaric (2021) Attitudes to Housing and Finance among Muslims in Mosque Networks in the Nordic Countries, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Hagen-Zanker, Jessica & Gemma Hennessey (2021) What Do We Know about the Subjective and Intangible Factors That Shape Migration Decision-Making?, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2021) “Nobody Listens to Us”: Minors in DDR Processes – The Gender Dimension, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Olsson, Louise; Angela Muvumba Sellström; Patty Chang; Torunn L. Tryggestad; Peter Wallensteen & Ingebjørg Finnbakk (2021) Sweden as an Elected Member of the UN Security Council: Promoting Women, Peace and Security as Core Council Business, 2017–18, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Ahmad, Neven; & Pinar Tank (2021) Addressing Conflict-Related Sexual Violence in Peace Negotiations, GPS Centre Gender and Mediation Backgrounder. Oslo: PRIO.
Ahmad, Neven; & Pinar Tank (2021) Gender and Confidence Building Measures, GPS Gender and Mediation Backgrounder. Oslo: PRIO.
Ahmad, Neven; & Pinar Tank (2021) Shari’a Law and Women’s Rights, GPS Centre Gender and Mediation Backgrounder. Oslo: PRIO.
Ahmad, Neven; & Pinar Tank (2021) Women’s Participation in Politics, GPS Centre Gender and Mediation Backgrounder. Oslo: PRIO.
Barakat, Sultan; Siri Aas Rustad; Mona Hedaya; & Sansom Milton (2021) Conflict Trends in the Arab World, 1946–2019Doha & Oslo: Center for Conflict and Humanitarian Studies (CHS) & the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).
Barakat, Sultan; Siri Aas Rustad; Mona Hedaya; & Sansom Milton (2021) اتجاهات النزاعات في العالم العربي [Conflict Trends in the Arab World, 1946–2019]Doha & Oslo: Center for Conflict and Humanitarian Studies (CHS) & the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).
Biong Deng Kuol, Luka; & Christopher Oringa (2021) Is Education a Pathway to Fostering Civicness and a Resilient Social Contract in Africa? The Case of South SudanLondon: The South Sudan Studies Association (SSSA) and the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; Kristoffer Lidén; John Karlsrud; Salla Turunen; Astri Suhrke; & Antonio De Lauri (2021) Protection of Civilians – Norway in the Security Council, CMI Report, 2021. Chr. Michelsen Institute.
Klugman, Jeni; Milorad Kovacevic; Michael Gottschalk; Elena Ortiz; Jimena Diaz; Varsha Thebo; Isha Raj-Silverman; Jiaqi Zhao; Siri Aas Rustad; Solomon Negash; & Kaja Borchgrevink (2021) Women, Peace, and Security Index 2021/22: Tracking Sustainable Peace through Inclusion, Justice, and Security for WomenWashington, D.C.: GIWPS and PRIO.
Kuol, Luka Biong Deng (2021) National Security Strategies Development in Africa: A Toolkit for Drafting and ConsultationWashington, D.C.: Africa Center for Strategic Studies.
Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv; Abbey Steele; Helga Malmin Binningsbø; Michael Weintraub; Christopher Fariss; Pablo Ruiz Hiebra; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård; & Pablo Ruiz Hiebra, eds, (2021) Lights and Shadows of the Peace Agreement Implementation in Colombia: Attitudes and Perceptions in the PDET Territories, PRIO-UNDP joint report. .
Smith, Carina Strøm; & Pinar Tank (2021) Models for Women's Inclusion in Peace Processes, GPS Centre Gender and Mediation Backgrounder. Oslo: PRIO.
Tank, Pinar; & Natalie Azba (2021) Gender and Power Sharing, GPS Centre Gender and Mediation Backgrounder. Oslo: PRIO.
Weintraub, Michael; Camilo Sánchez Meertens; Helga Malmin Binningsbø; Erika Rodriguez; María Eugenia Pinto; & Angelika Rettberg (2021) Escuchar la paz: Dimensiones y variaciones en la implementación del Acuerdo Final [Listening to peace: Dimensions and variations in the implementation of the Final Agreement]PRIO-UNDP joint report.

Report - External Series

Aslany, Maryam; Jørgen Carling; Mathilde Bålsrud Mjelva; & Tone Sommerfelt (2021) Systematic review of determinants of migration aspirations, QuantMig deliverable, 2. Southampton: University of Southampton.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia and Turkey: Strategic Partners and Rivals, Russie.Nei.Reports, 35. Paris: IFRI.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) The Arctic as a test for "stable and predictable" Russia, PONARS Eurasia Memo, 725. Washington DC: George Washington University.
Carling, Jørgen; & Mathilde Bålsrud Mjelva (2021) Survey instruments and survey data on migration aspirations, QuantMig project deliverable, 2. Southampton: University of Southampton.
Erdal, Marta Bivand; Mathias Hatleskog Tjønn; & Ahmet İçduygu (2021) Links between migration management, development and integration, MIGNEX Background paper. .
Hatay, Mete (2021) Varosha: Between Human Rights and Realpolitik, FES Briefing. Nicosia: FES Cyprus.
Tønnesson, Stein (2021) China, Cambodia and the Myanmar Crisis, Toda Peace Institute Policy Brief, 118. Tokyo, Japan: Toda Peace Institute.
Weisskircher, Manes (2021) The Importance of Being Eastern German. The Multiple Heartlands of Germany’s Far Right, CBEES State of the region report. .

Newsletter

Elvebakken, Johanne Rokke (2021) PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update - December 2021, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2021: PRIO.
Elvebakken, Johanne Rokke (2021) PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update - June 2021, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2021: PRIO.
Elvebakken, Johanne Rokke (2021) PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update - March 2021, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2021: PRIO.
Elvebakken, Johanne Rokke (2021) PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update - September 2021, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2021: PRIO.

Book Review

Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Review of Kahl, Colin; & Thomas Wright, eds, Aftershocks: Pandemic Politics and the End of the Old International Order, in JPR .
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Review of Mikhail Suslov, ed., Geopolitical Imagination: Ideology and Utopia in Post-Soviet Russia, in Journal of Peace Research .
Fangen, Katrine (2021) Review of Cynthia Miller-Idriss: Hate in the Homeland: The New Global Far Right, book review, in Norsk sosiologisk tidsskrift 5(3): 63–66.
Fangen, Katrine (2021) Review of Cynthia Miller-Idriss, ed., Hate in the Homeland, in Norsk sosiologisk tidsskrift .
Fangen, Katrine (2021) Review of Theodor W. Adorno, ed., Aspekter ved den nye høyreradikalismen, in Sosiologen .
Gattinara, Pietro Castelli (2021) Review of Maneri, Marcello; & Fabio Quassoli, eds, Un attentato "quasi terroristico". Macerata 2018, il razzismo e la sfera pubblica al tempo dei social media, in Partecipazione e Conflitto 14: 507–510.
Sagård, Tora (2021) Review of de Carvalho, Benjamin; & Halvard Leira, eds, Hva er Internasjonal Politikk, in Internasjonal Politikk 79(3): 257–260.
Tønnesson, Stein (2021) Review of A. S. Bhalla, ed., Asia's Trouble Spots: The Leadership Question in Conflict Resolution, in Journal of Peace Research Book Notes .
Tønnesson, Stein (2021) Review of Carl Henrik Knutsen, ed., Demokrati og diktatur [Democracy and dictatorship], in Apollon 2021(2): 59–59.