Publications 1994

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Abell, John D. (1994) Military Spending and Income Inequality, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 35–43.
Ahrari, M. Ehsan (1994) Islam as a Source of Conflict and Change in the Middle East, Security Dialogue 25(2): 177–192.
Al-Dessouki, Mourad (1994) Challenges to Peace and Security in the Middle East, Security Dialogue 25(4): 473–474.
Alexander, J. Davidson (1994) Military Conversion Policies in the USA: 1940s and 1990s, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 19–33.
Aly, Abdel Monem Said (1994) The Road to Oslo and Beyond: Prospects for an Arab-Israeli Peace, Security Dialogue 25(1): 37–50.
Amer, Ramses (1994) The United Nations' Reactions to Foreign Military Interventions, Journal of Peace Research 31(4): 425–444.
Anthony, Ian (1994) Old Whine in a New Bottle, Security Dialogue 25(1): 111–112.
Axell, Karin & Peter Wallensteen (1994) Conflict Resolution and the End of the Cold War, 1989-93, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 333–349.
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) The Balkans: The Russians Are Coming?, Security Dialogue 25(2): 237–238.
Ball, Desmond (1994) A New Era in Confidence Building: The Second Track Process in the Asia/Pacific Region, Security Dialogue 25(2): 157–176.
Bar-Siman-Tov, Yaacov (1994) The Arab-Israeli Conflict: Learning Conflict Resolution, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 75–92.
Bebler, Anton (1994) On the Conflicts in Former Yugoslavia, Security Dialogue 25(3): 353–355.
Bookman, Milica Z. (1994) War and Peace: The Divergent Breakups of Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 175–187.
Boron, Atilio A. (1994) Towards s Post-Hegemonic Age? The End of Pax Americana, Security Dialogue 25(2): 211–222.
Christie, Kenneth (1994) The UN and Cambodia, Security Dialogue 25(3): 356–357.
Cronberg, Tarja (1994) Civil Reconstructions of Military Technology: The United States and Russia, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 205–218.
Delpech, Thérèse (1994) What Future for Nuclear Weapons?, Security Dialogue 25(4): 405–408.
d'Orville, Hans & Dragoljub Najman (1994) A New System to Finance the UN, Security Dialogue 25(2): 135–144.
D'Souza, Frances (1994) Democracy as a Cure for Famine, Journal of Peace Research 31(4): 369–373.
Duke, Simon (1994) Germanizing Europe: Europeanizing Germany?, Security Dialogue 25(4): 425–436.
Edmonds, John (1994) A Complete Nuclear Test Ban - Why Has it Taken so Long?, Security Dialogue 25(4): 375–388.
Egeland, Jan (1994) Norway's Middle East Peace Channel - an Insiders View, Security Dialogue 25(3): 349–351.
Ekéus, Rolf (1994) Iraq: The Future of Arms Control, Security Dialogue 25(1): 7–16.
Ganesan, Narayanan (1994) Taking Stock of Post-Cold War Developments in ASEAN, Security Dialogue 25(4): 457–468.
Geisler, Gisela (1994) The 1992 Kenyan Election Observation, Security Dialogue 25(1): 114–116.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (1994) Mot demokrati i Mexico? [Towards Democracy in Mexico?], Internasjonal Politikk 52(1): 89–104.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1994) Treholt-litteraturen: En studie i polarisering [The Treholt Literature: A Study in Polarization], Internasjonal Politikk 52(2): 275–287.
Goldblat, Jozef (1994) Legal or Illegal? The Perennial Controversy over Nuclear Weapons, Security Dialogue 25(4): 397–403.
Gonchar, Ksenia R. (1994) Military Spending in the USSR: A Reconsideration, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 219–228.
Gorbachev, Mikhail S. (1994) At the Threshold of the 21st Century, Security Dialogue 25(3): 247–253.
Granbom, Per Olof (1994) Dumped Chemical Ammunition in the Baltic: A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 25(1): 105–110.
Hagtvet, Bernt (1994) Right-Wing Extremism in Europe, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 241–246.
Hammarström, Mats (1994) The Diffusion of Military Conflict: Central and South-East Europe in 1919-20 and 1991-92, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 263–280.
Hensel, Paul R. (1994) One Thing Leads to Another: Recurrent Militarized Disputes in Latin America, 1816-1986, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 281–297.
Heraclides, Alexis (1994) Secessionist Conflagration: What Is to Be Done?, Security Dialogue 25(3): 283–293.
Ibrahim, Saad Eddin (1994) Islamic Activism: A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 25(2): 193–198.
Jacobsen, Carl Gustav (1994) Bosnian War Crimes: Problems of Definition and Prosecution, Security Dialogue 25(2): 238–240.
Jennar, Raoul M. (1994) UNTAC: ""International Triumph"" in Cambodia?, Security Dialogue 25(2): 145–156.
Kirch, Aksel & Marika Kirch (1994) On Estonian Russians and Separatism, Security Dialogue 25(1): 112–114.
Kleiboer, Marieke (1994) Ripeness of Conflict: A Fruitful Notion?, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 109–116.
Knutsen, Torbjørn L. (1994) Re-reading Rousseau in the Post-Cold War World, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 247–262.
Korhonen, Pekka (1994) The Theory of the Flying Geese Pattern of Development and Its Interpretations, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 93–108.
Krohn, Axel (1994) The Challenge of Dumped Chemical Ammunition in the Baltic Sea, Security Dialogue 25(1): 93–103.
Ling, Lily H. M. (1994) Rationalizations for State Violence in Chinese Politics: The Hegemony of Parental Governance, Journal of Peace Research 31(4): 393–405.
Lock, Peter (1994) The Systemic Bed-Rock of Transition, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 351–357.
Looney, Robert E. & Peter C. Frederiksen (1994) Budgetary Consequences of Defense Expenditures in Pakistan: Short-Run Impacts and Long-Run Adjustments, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 11–18.
Moses, Jonathon W. (1994) The Eighteenth Brumaire of Boris Yeltsin, Security Dialogue 25(3): 335–347.
Nehme, Michel G. (1994) The Kurdish Dilemma: A Regional Perspective, Security Dialogue 25(4): 474–476.
Ok, Tae Hwan (1994) Dealing With North Korea: A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 25(3): 317–319.
Ordeshook, Peter C. & Emerson M.S. Niou (1994) A Game-Theoretic Interpretation of Sun Tzu's The Art of War, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 161–174.
Ottosen, Rune & Martin Eide (1994) "Science Journalism" without Science Journalists, Public Understanding of Science 3(4): 425–435.
Patomäki, Heikki (1994) Emerging Latemodern Reconstructivism, Journal of Peace Research 31(4): 451–459.
Peleg, Ilan & Gad Barzilai (1994) Israel and Future Borders: Assessment of a Dynamic Process, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 59–73.
Perruci, Gamaliel (1994) Latin America and International Security in the Post-Cold War Order, Security Dialogue 25(2): 199–209.
Regan, Patrick M. (1994) War Toys, War Movies, and the Militarization of the United States, 1900-85, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 45–58.
Rosas, Allan (1994) Towards Some International Law and Order, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 129–135.
Rosenau, James N. (1994) New Dimentions of Security: The Interaction of Globalizing and Localizing Dynamics, Security Dialogue 25(3): 255–281.
Roy, Denny (1994) North Korea and the Madman Theory, Security Dialogue 25(3): 307–316.
Rubinstein, Alvin Z. (1994) Lessons of the Cold War, Security Dialogue 25(3): 295–306.
Rummel, Rudolph J. (1994) Power, Genocide and Mass Murder, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 1–10.
Salamé, Ghassan (1994) The Middle East: Elusive Security, Indefinable Region, Security Dialogue 25(1): 17–35.
Schierup, Carl-Ulrik (1994) Ex-Yugoslavia and the Balkanization of Europe, Security Dialogue 25(1): 116–118.
Schulz, Eberhard (1994) Should Europeanized Germans Germanize Europe? A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 25(4): 437–441.
Shevtsova, Lilia (1994) Russia Facing New Choices: Contradictions of Post-Communist Development, Security Dialogue 25(3): 321–334.
Simpson, John (1994) The 1995 NPT Conference: Substantive Issues Will Shape the Outcome, Security Dialogue 25(2): 223–236.
Skauge, Tom (1994) Contraction and Detraction: Non-Equilibrium Studies of Civil-Military Relations, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 189–203.
Smith, Dan (1994) Just War, Clausewitz and Sarajevo, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 136–142.
Smith, James D.D. (1994) Mediator Impartiality: Banishing the Chimera, Journal of Peace Research 31(4): 445–450.
Soroos, Marvin S. (1994) Global Change, Environmental Security, and the Prisoner's Dilemma, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 317–332.
Steinberg, Gerald M. (1994) Israeli Security and the Peace Process, Security Dialogue 25(1): 51–62.
Thakur, Ramesh (1994) Human Rights: Amnesty International and the United Nations, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 143–160.
Timerbaev, Roland (1994) A Hostage to Political Realities: A Russian Commentary, Security Dialogue 25(4): 389–392.
Togeby, Lise (1994) The Gender Gap in Foreign Policy Attitudes, Journal of Peace Research 31(4): 375–392.
Tsipko, Alexander (1994) A New Russian Identity or Old Russia's Reintegration, Security Dialogue 25(4): 443–455.
Wallensteen, Peter (1994) Representing the World: A Security Council for the 21st Century, Security Dialogue 25(1): 63–75.
Weart, Spencer R. (1994) Peace Among Democratic and Oligarchic Republics, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 299–316.
Whitman, Jim & Ian Bartholomew (1994) Collective Control of UN Peace Support Operations: A Policy Proposal, Security Dialogue 25(1): 77–92.
York, Herbert F. (1994) What's New in the Nineties? An American Commentary, Security Dialogue 25(4): 393–395.


Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Ådne Cappelen & Olav Bjerkholt (1994) The Wages of Peace: Disarmament in a Small Industrialized Economy. London: SAGE.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Terje Vilno Larsen & Håvard Hegre (1994) Citations to Articles in JPR and by Johan Galtung. Oslo: Journal of Peace Research.
Goldblat, Jozef (1994) Arms Control: A Guide to Negotiations and Agreements. London: SAGE.
Steineger, Erik (1994) Miljø og konflikt - Miljølære for den videregående skole. Oslo: Cappelen.
Tishkov, Valery (1994) Narody Rossii [The Peoples of Russia]. Moscow: Rossiiskaya Enciclopeadia.

Book Chapter

Adekanye, J. 'Bayo (1994) Military Dimensions of Africa's Debt and Adjustment Problems, in Afrika - mellom konflikter og utvikling. Oslo: .
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) Nuclear Instruments for Russians Politics, in Gjelstad, Jørn; & Olav Njølstad, eds, Nuclear Rivalry and International Order. London: SAGE (212–212).
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) Russian Perspectives on the Barents Region, in Stokke, Olav Schram; & Ola Tunander, eds, The Barents Region: Cooperation in Arctic Europe. London: SAGE (175–186).
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) Russia's Conflicting Interests in the Baltic Sea, in The Baltic Sea: New Developments in National Policies and International Cooperation. Ebenhausen: Kluwer Law International.
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) The Impact on Relations between Western Europe and Russia, in Matias Jopp, ed., The Implications of the Yugoslav Crisis for Western Europe's Foreign Relations. Chaillot Paper 17.. Paris: Institute for Security Studies WEU (35–49).
Bøckman, Harald (1994) A Historical Sketch of Sinology in Norway, in Weddelsborg, Anne; & Stig Thøgersen, eds, Chinese Studies in the Nordic Countries. Survey no. 3. Europe: European Association of Chinese Studies (57–61).
Enckell, Pehr; Nils Petter Gleditsch & Jørgen Burchardt (1994) Forord, in Det vitenskapelige tidsskrift. Rapport fra en konferanse for vitenskapelige tidsskrifter. TemaNord 1994:574. København: .
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1994) Conversion and the Environment, in Jyrki Käkönen, ed., Green Security or Militarized Environment?. Aldershot & Brookfield, VT: Dartmouth (131–154).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1994) Den nordiske tidsskriftflora, in Rapport fra en konferanse for vitenskapelige tidsskrifter. TemaNord 1994:574. København: .
Hegre, Håvard (1994) Journal. En presentasjon av et styringsverktøy, in Det vitenskapelige tidsskrift. Rapport fra en konferanse for vitenskapelige tidsskrifter. TemaNord 1994:574. København: (147–150).
Ottosen, Rune (1994) The Mass Media as Mythmaker of Smart Bombs and Commercializer for the Weapons Industry, in Blumberg, Herbert H.; & Christopher French, eds, Lessons from the Gulf War: Social Science Findings. Lanham, MD: University Press of America (329–348).
Smith, Dan (1994) Dynamics of Contemporary Conflict: Consequences for Development Strategies, in Græger, Nina; & Dan Smith, eds, Environment, Poverty, Conflict. PRIO Report, no. 2/94. Oslo: PRIO.
Tunander, Ola (1994) Inventing the Barents Region - Overcoming the East-West Divide, in Stokke, Olav Schram; & Ola Tunander, eds, The Barents Region - Cooperation in Arctic Europe. London: SAGE (31–44).
Wæver, Ole & Ola Tunander (1994) Murar: Europas nya medeltid [Walls: Europe's New Middle Ages], in Ola Tunander, ed., Europa och Muren: Om 'den andre', gränslandet och historiens återkomst i 90-talets Europa. Ålborg: Nordic Summer University (15–21).

Edited Volume

Einagel, Victoria Ingrid (ed.) (1994) Samfunnsgeografi Hovedfagsårbok 1993. Oslo.
Tishkov, Valery (ed.) (1994) Narody Rossii. Moscow: Bolshaia rossiiskaia entsiklopediia.
Tunander, Ola; & Olav Schram Stokke, eds, (1994) The Barents Region - Cooperation in Arctic Europe. London: SAGE.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Baev, Pavel K. (1994) Russian Military Thinking and the "Near Abroad", Janes's Intelligence Review 6(12): 531–533.
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) Russia's Armed Forces: Spontaneous Demobilization, Bulletin of Arms Control(13): 8–13.
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) Russias Experiments and Experience in Conflict Management and Peacekeeping, International Peacekeeping 1(3): 245–260.
Eide, Martin (1994) Science Journalism without Science Journalists, Public Understanding of Science 3(4): 425–435.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (1994) Democide: Drept av egen regjering [Democide: Killed by one's own Government], Ikkevold(159): 18–29.
Smith, Dan (1994) A Political Community of the Faithful, Midøst Forum 8(1).
Smith, Dan (1994) Why Should Civilisations Clash?, Diplomacy 20(3).
Sogner, Ingrid (1994) The European Idea: The Scandinavian Answer, Scandinavian Journal of History 18(3): 307–327.
Tishkov, Valery (1994) Perspectives on Ethnic Accord in Post-Soviet Space, Cultural Survival Quarterly 18(2): 52–57.
Tishkov, Valery (1994) Post Soviet Ethnography. Not a Crisis but Something More Serious, Anthropology and Archeology of Eurasia (Special Issue) 33(3): 87–92.

PRIO Report

Gjelstad, Jørn (ed.) (1994) Security for the Baltic Region, PRIO Report, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Græger, Nina; & Dan Smith (1994) Environment, Poverty and Conflict, PRIO Report, 2. Oslo: PRIO.

Conference Paper

Baev, Pavel K. (1994) New Security Paradigms for Europe, presented at Security for the Baltic Region. PRIO Report, 4/94, Oslo, 1 January.
Smith, Dan (1994) Market, Development, Conflict, presented at 42nd Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, Berlin, 1 January.