Transnational Migration and Mobility Conflicts

Led by Jørgen Carling
Jan 2002 - Dec 2007

This project analyses how immigrants' ties with their country of origin are affected by Europe's restrictive immigration policies. When policies restrict continued migration, this might lead to a lack of 'fresh blood' in migrant communities and contribute to distanciation from the society of origin. Furthermore, strong emigration pressure affects the relationship between non-migrants who are eager to come to Europe, and their emigrant relatives who feel socially obliged to help, but have limited opportunities for facilitating immigration. The survival of transnational connections are related to the relationship between migrant generations, and the different generations' attachment to the country of origin.

The questions above are addressed through the case study of migration from Cape Verde to the Netherlands, an accessible and succinct instance of processes affecting numerous sending and receiving countries. The analysis is based on fieldwork in both countries, with semi-structured interviews within family networks as the principal form of data collection. The empirical analysis is used to inform the development of theoretical perspectives on contemporary migration. Existing theories have limited explanatory capacity because they largely fail to incorporate the effects of restrictive immigration policies.


Research Groups


Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Carling, Jørgen; Marta Bivand Erdal & Rojan Tordhol Ezzati (2014) Beyond the Insider–Outsider Divide in Migration Research, Migration Studies 2(1): 36–54.
Carling, Jørgen & Lisa Åkesson (2009) Mobility at the Heart of a Nation: Patterns and Meanings of Cape Verdean Migration, International Migration 47(3): 123–155.
Carling, Jørgen (2008) The Human Dynamics of Migrant Transnationalism, Ethnic and Racial Studies 31(8): 1452–1477.
Carling, Jørgen (2008) Toward a Demography of Immigrant Communities and Their Transnational Potential, International Migration Review 42(2): 449–475.
Carling, Jørgen (2004) Emigration, Return and Development in Cape Verde: The Impact of Closing Borders, Population, Space and Place 10(2): 113–132.
Carling, Jørgen (2003) Cartographies of Cape Verdean transnationalism, Global Networks 3(4): 533–539.
Carling, Jørgen (2002) Migration in the age of involuntary immobility: Theoretical reflections and Cape Verdean experiences, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 28(1): 5–42.

Book Chapter

Batalha, Luís & Jørgen Carling (2008) Cape Verdean Migration and Diaspora, in Batalha, Luís; & Jørgen Carling, eds, Transnational Archipelago: Perspectives on Cape Verdean Migration and Diaspora. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press (13–32).
Carling, Jørgen (2008) Cape Verdeans in the Netherlands, in Batalha, Luís; & Jørgen Carling, eds, Transnational Archipelago: Perspectives on Cape Verdean Migration and Diaspora.. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press (91–100).
Carling, Jørgen (2007) 'Diaspora', 'Immigration', 'Emigration', 'Population', and 'Remittances', in Lobban, Jr., Richard A.; & Paul Khalil Saucier, eds, Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Cape Verde. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press.

Edited Volume

Batalha, Luís; & Jørgen Carling, eds, (2008) Transnational Archipelago. Perspectives on Cape Verdean Migration and Diaspora. Amsterdam.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Report - External Series

Carling, Jørgen (2005) Gender Dimensions of International Migration, Global Migration Perspectives, 35. .