Johan Galtung

Professor of Peace Research, PRIO Director

Johan Galtung
Johan Galtung left PRIO in 1969. The information on this page is kept for historical reasons.


​Johan Galtung was at the core of the group of intellectuals behind the establishment of PRIO in 1959. Without Galtung's enormous effort and personality, PRIO would never have come true.

Johan Galtung was the founding editor of Journal of Peace Resarch in 1964.

Galtung left PRIO in 1969, to become Professor of Conflict and Peace Studies at the University of Oslo. He maintained informal ties to the institute for some time after his departure. For the last decades, however, he has had little contact with PRIO and has not had any formal links to the institution.

In 1993 Johan Galtung and Fumiko Nishimura founded the conflict mediation organization Transcend.

An extensive interview with Johan Galtung by Henrik Urdal was published as part of the 60th Anniversary series PRIO Stories in May 2019.

PRIO Projects



PRIO started tracking events online in 2007. This listing is not complete. Past events may be mentioned in our news archive.

All Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Galtung, Johan (1990) Cultural Violence, Journal of Peace Research 27(3): 291–305.
Galtung, Johan (1989) The State, the Military and War, Journal of Peace Research 26(1): 101–105.
Galtung, Johan (1988) What If the Devil Were Interested in Peace Research?, Journal of Peace Research 25(1): 1–4.
Galtung, Johan (1987) Only One Quarrel with Kenneth Boulding, Journal of Peace Research 24(2): 199–203.
Galtung, Johan (1985) Twenty-five Years of Peace Research: Ten Challenges and Some Responses, Journal of Peace Research 22(2): 141–158.
Galtung, Johan (1984) Transarmament: From Offensive to Defensive Defense, Journal of Peace Research 21(2): 127–140.
Galtung, Johan (1981) Social Cosmology and the Concept of Peace, Journal of Peace Research 18(2): 183–199.
Galtung, Johan (1980) Poland, August-September 1980. Is a Socialist Revolution Under State Capitalism Possible?, Journal of Peace Research 17(4): 281–290.
Galtung, Johan (1975) European Security and Cooperation: A Skeptical Contribution, Journal of Peace Research 12(3): 165–178.
Galtung, Johan (1974) A Rejoinder to Rosengren, Journal of Peace Research 11(2): 157–160.
Galtung, Johan (1973) Japan and Future World Politics, Journal of Peace Research 10(4): 355–385.
Galtung, Johan (1973) 'The Limits to Growth' and Class Politics, Journal of Peace Research 10: 101–114.
Galtung, Johan (1972) Divided Nations as a Process: One State, Two States, and In-between. The Case of Korea, Journal of Peace Research 9(4): 345–360.
Galtung, Johan (1972) Europe: Bipolar, Bicentric, or Cooperative?, Journal of Peace Research 9(1): 1–26.
Galtung, Johan (1972) Rejoinder to Van Den Berg, Journal of Peace Research 9(1): 87–89.
Galtung, Johan (1971) Boasson's Version of Conflict Theory and the Middle East: Apologia Sua or Peace Research?, Journal of Peace Research 10(1): 145–147.
Galtung, Johan (1971) A Structural Theory of Imperialism, Journal of Peace Research 8(2): 81–117.
Galtung, Johan (1971) An Editorial, Journal of Peace Research 8(1): 1–3.
Høivik, Tord & Johan Galtung (1971) Structural and Direct Violence. A Note on Operationalization, Journal of Peace Research 8(1): 73–76.
Galtung, Johan (1971) The Middle East and the Theory of Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 8: 173–206.
Galtung, Johan (1969) Violence, Peace and Peace Research, Journal of Peace Research 6(3): 167–191.
Galtung, Johan (1968) A Structural Theory of Integration, Journal of Peace Research 5(4): 375–395.
Galtung, Johan (1967) On the Future of the International System, Journal of Peace Research 4(4): 305–333.
Galtung, Johan (1967) Two Approaches to Disarmament: The Legalist and the Structuralist, Journal of Peace Research 4(2): 161–195.
Galtung, Johan & Tom Broch (1966) Belligerence among the Primitives, Journal of Peace Research 3(1): 33–45.
Galtung, Johan (1966) East-West Interaction Patterns, Journal of Peace Research 3(2): 146–177.
Galtung, Johan; Simon Schwartzman & Manuel Mora y Araujo (1966) El sistema latino-americano de naciones: un analysis estructural [The Latin American System of Nations: A structural analysis], America Latina(1): 59–94.
Eide, Ingrid & Johan Galtung (1966) Some Factors Affecting Local Acceptance of a UN Force: A Pilot Project Report from Gaza, International Problems(1): 1–25.
Galtung, Johan & Mari Holmboe Ruge (1965) The Structure of Foreign News. The Presentation of the Congo, Cuba, and Cyprus Crises in Four Norwegian Newspapers, Journal of Peace Research 2(1): 64–91.
Galtung, Johan (1965) Institutionalized Conflict Resolution: A Theoretical Paradigm, Journal of Peace Research 2(4): 348–397.
Galtung, Johan (1965) On the Meaning of Nonviolence, Journal of Peace Research 2(3): 228–257.
Galtung, Johan & Mari Holmboe Ruge (1965) Patterns of Diplomacy. A Study of Recruitment and Career Patterns in Norwegian Diplomacy, Journal of Peace Research 2(2): 101–135.
Galtung, Johan (1964) Summit Meetings and International Relations, Journal of Peace Research 1964(1): 36–55.


Galtung, Johan (1990) 60 Speeches on War and Peace. Oslo: PRIO.
Galtung, Johan (1980) Peace and World Structure. Copenhagen: Ejlers. Essays in Peace Research.
Galtung, Johan (1980) Peace Problems: Some Case Studies. Copnehagen: Ejlers. Essays in Peace Research.
Galtung, Johan (1979) Papers on methodology. Copenhagen: Ejlers. Essays in methodology.
Galtung, Johan (1978) Peace and Social Structure. Copenhagen: Chr. Ejlers Forlag. Essays in Peace Research.
Galtung, Johan (1977) Methodology and Ideology. Copenhagen: Chr. Ejlers Forlag. Essays in methodology.
Galtung, Johan (1976) Peace, War and Defense. Copenhagen: Chr. Ejlers Forlag. Essays in Peace Research.
Galtung, Johan (1975) Peace: Research - Education - Action. Copenhagen: Chr. Ejlers Forlag. Essays in Peace Research.
Galtung, Johan (1974) A Structural Theory of Revolutions. Rotterdam: Rotterdam University Press.
Galtung, Johan (1973) The European Community: A Superpower in the Making. Oslo/London: Norwegian University Press/Allen & Unwin.
Galtung, Johan (1971) Members of two worlds. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
Galtung, Johan (1971) Members of Two Worlds. A Development Study of Three Villages in Western Sicily. Oslo/New York: Norwegian University Press/Columbia University Press.
Galtung, Johan (1967) Theory and Methods of Social Research. Oslo/London/New York: Norwegian University Press/Allen & Unwin/Columbia University Press.
Galtung, Johan (1967) Fredsforsking [Peace Research]. Stockholm: Prisma.
Galtung, Johan (1967) Fredsforskning [Peace Research]. Oslo: PAX.

Book Chapter

Galtung, Johan (1980) Tolv teser om norsk forsvarspolitikk [Twelve theses on Norwegian defense policy], in Magne Barth, ed., Forhåndslagring i Norge?. Oslo: PAX (177–193).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter & Johan Galtung (1980) International Air Communication: A Study in World Structure, in Johan Galtung, ed., Essays in Peace Research IV. Copenhagen: Ejlers (152–204).
Galtung, Johan & Tord Høivik (1975) On the Definition and Theory of Development with a View to the Application of Rank Order Indicators in the Elaboration of a Composite Index of Human Reseources, in Toward a System of Human Resources Indicators for Less Developed Countries. Warsaw: Polish Academy of Sciences (147–183).
Galtung, Johan; Manuel Mora y Araujo & Simon Schwartzman (1972) The Latin American System of Nations: A Structural Analysis, in Conflict Control and Conflict Resolution. Copenhagen: Munksgaard.

Edited Volume

Galtung, Johan (ed.) (1980) Essays in Peace Research IV. Copenhagen: Ejlers.
Galtung, Johan; & Nils Petter Gleditsch, eds, (1970) Samarbeid i Europa [Cooperation in Europe]. Oslo: PAX.
Galtung, Johan; & Sverre Lodgaard, eds, (1970) Cooperation in Europe. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
Jungk, Robert; & Johan Galtung, eds, (1968) Mankind 2000. Oslo/London: Norwegian University Press/Allen & Unwin.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Fossum, Egil & Johan Galtung (1969) Reply to Gudmund Hernes, Journal of Peace Research 6(1): 75–76.