Are Hovdenak


Are Hovdenak
Are Hovdenak left PRIO in 2010. The information on this page is kept for historical reasons.

Research Interests

The Rule of Hamas in Gaza: Rethinking the prospects for Peace



Languages spoken:

Norwegian, English, some Arabic

Working experience:

Freelance journalist in the Middle East and North Africa since 1983 for several newspapers and periodicals, among them: Bergens Tidende, Dagbladet, Dagsavisen/Arbeiderbladet, Bistandsaktuelt, Klassekampen, Morgenbladet, Ny Tid, Det Fri Aktuelt (København). Specialised in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Also reports from Western Sahara, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Kurdistan (Turkey, Iraq and Iran).

Some freelance consultancy services for Norwegian People’s Aid, Norwegian Centre of Human Rights and Exponor (film company).

Research and Analysis Officer in the international observation force ‘Temporary International Presence in Hebron (TIPH). Election observer in Palestine and Yemen.

Research Assistant at the Centre for International Studies/Fafo on two projects on Palestinian refugees within the frame of the Refugee Working Group of the Multilateral peace talks in the Middle East.

Coordinator of medical projects in Lebanon for the Norwegian Aid Committee (NORWAC).


MA in political science, University of Oslo
Cand. Mag. (equivalent to B.A.), University of Oslo and Oppland Distriktshøgskole in the areas of Political Science, Modern History and Arabic. Arabic studies at the University of Jordan, Amman.


PRIO started tracking events online in 2007. This listing is not complete. Past events may be mentioned in our news archive.


Hovdenak, Are, 2010. "Hamas in Gaza: Preparing for Long-term Control?" PRIO Policy Brief 11, Oslo: Peace Research Institute, Oslo.

Hovdenak, Are, 2010. "The Public Services under Hamas in Gaza: Islamic Revolution or Crisis Management?" PRIO Report 3, Oslo: Peace Research Institute, Oslo.

Hovdenak, Are, 2009. “Hamas in Transition: The Failure of Sanctions”. Democratization, Vol.16, No.1.

Hovdenak, Are, 2009. “Trading Refugees for Land and Symbols: The Palestinian Negotiation Strategy in the Oslo Process”,  Journal of Refugee Studies, Vol.22 , No 1.

Hovdenak, Are, 2009. Al-Qaida – a challenge for Hamas? FFI-report 2009/00092. Kjeller: FFI.

Hovdenak, Are, 2009. ”Palestinerne: Permanent eksil” [The Palestinians: Permanent Exile]. Flyktningregnskapet 2009. Oslo: Norwegian Refugee Council.

Hovdenak, Are, 2009. ”Hamas må anerkjennes” [Hamas must be recognised] (op-ed). Dagbladet, 1. February.

Hovdenak, Are, 2008. ”Kan Hamas presses til moderasjon?” [’Can Hamas be pressured to moderation’] Babylon, Vol.5, No.2.

Hovdenak, Are, Øystein Noreng, Stein Tønnesson and Hilde Henriksen Waage, 2005. Regime Stability in the Middle East, PRIO report 3. Oslo: International Peace Research Institute, Oslo.

Hovdenak, Are, 2005. Negotiating Palestine Refugees: A Question of Legitimacy, Cand. polit thesis. Oslo: University of Oslo, Institute of Political Science, April.

Hovdenak, Are, 2003. “Middle East: More Need for Traffic Police than Road Maps”. Security Dialogue. Volume 34, Number 4, December.

Hovdenak, Are, 2003. Intifada – opprør mot okkupasjon, Booklet, 112 pp. Oslo: Norsk Folkehjelp.

Hovdenak, Are (ed), 1999: Algeria and the International Society – the Crisis of violence. Human Rights Report No 1, Oslo: Norwegian Institute of Human Rights.

Hovdenak, Are, 1998. ”Hvem dreper hvem i Algerie?” [Who Kills Who in Algeria] Samtiden 4, Oslo: Aschehoug.

Hovdenak, Are, Jon Pedersen, Dag Tuastad and Elia Zureik, 1997: Constructing Order: Palestinian Adaptations to Refugee Life. Fafo-report 236, Oslo: Institute for Applied Social Science.

Hovdenak, Are, 1996. “Elections at the Countryside”, in Nils Butenschøn and Kåre Vollan (eds): Interim Democracy. Human Rights Report, No. 7, May. Oslo: Norwegian Institute of Human Rights.

Signe Gilen, Are Hovdenak, Rania Maktabi, Jon Pedersen and Dag Tuastad, 1994. Finding Ways  – Palestinian Coping Strategies in Changing Environments. Fafo-report 177, Oslo: Institute for Applied Social Science.

All Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Hovdenak, Are (2009) Trading Refugees for Land and Symbols: The Palestinian Negotiation Strategy in the Oslo Process, Journal of Refugee Studies 22(1): 30–50.
Hovdenak, Are (2009) Hamas in Transition: The Failure of Sanctions, Democratization 16(1): 59–80.

Book Chapter

Hovdenak, Are (2010) Hamas in Transition: The Failure of Sanctions, in Pace, Michelle; & Peter Seeberg, eds, The European Union’s Democratization Agenda in the Mediterranean. Oxon/New York: Routledge (59–80).

Popular Article

Hovdenak, Are (2009) Nytt håp om fred? [New Hope for Peace?], Perspektiv, 1 October.
Hovdenak, Are (2009) Palestinerne: Permanent eksil [The Palestinians: Permanent Exile], Flyktningregnskapet 2009, 1 June.
Hovdenak, Are (2009) Hamas må anerkjennes [Hamas Must be Recognised], Dagbladet, 1 February.
Hovdenak, Are (2004) Israels historieflukt, Dagbladet, 8 September.
Hovdenak, Are (2004) Israels likvideringer [Israel’s Liquidations], Dagbladet, 27 March.
Hovdenak, Are (2004) Mener Sharon alvor? [Is Sharon Serious?], Bergens Tidende, 10 February.
Hovdenak, Are (2004) Israel ut av Gaza [Israel out of Gaza], Dagbladet, 10 February.

PRIO Report

Tønnesson, Stein; Øystein Noreng; Are Hovdenak; & Hilde Henriksen Waage (2005) Regime Stability in the Middle East, PRIO Report, 3. Oslo: PRIO.

Master Thesis

Hovdenak, Are (2003) Negotiating Palestine Refugees: A Question of Legitimacy. MA thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Oslo.

Conference Paper

Hovdenak, Are (2009) Peace with Hamas? The Islamist Alternative to the Oslo Process, presented at 15 år etter oslo-avtalen: Hva nå for Midt-Østen?, Litteraturhuset, Oslo, 17 June.
Hovdenak, Are 2009 Al-Qaida vs Hamas in Palestine, presented at Understanding Jihadism: Origins, Evolution and Future Perspectives, , 20 March.

PRIO Policy Brief

Hovdenak, Are (2010) Hamas in Gaza: Preparing for Long-term Control?, PRIO Policy Brief, 11. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Hovdenak, Are (2009) Al-Qaida – A Challenge for Hamas?, FFI-rapport 2009/00092. Kjeller: FFI.

Report - External Series

Hovdenak, Are; Raffaele Marchetti; & Nathalie Tocci (2009) Human Rights and Civil Society in Gaza: A New Role for the EU, SHUR Policy Brief. .
Hovdenak, Are; Kenneth Brown; & Laure Fourest (2008) Israel – Palestine Field Research Report, SHUR Working Paper Series, 4. Rome: SHUR.
Hovdenak, Are (2003) Intifada: opprør mot okkupasjon, 0. .