Primus Che Chi

Researcher, Karolinska Institutet

Primus Che Chi
Primus Che Chi left PRIO in 2019. The information on this page is kept for historical reasons. Primus Che Chi is an External Associate at PRIO.

Research Interests

I currently work on an EU-sponsored project under the Training and Mobility Network for the Economic Analysis of Conflict (TAMNEAC,, a network that seeks to train a young generation of professionals and researchers in tackling the challenges associated with mass violent conflict in developing countries. My research project is aimed at investigating the impact of armed conflicts on maternal and reproductive health (MRH indicators) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The M​​​​RH of people in conflict and post-conflict contexts is a largely neglected and under-researched area in public health. The impact of such conflicts on MRH has not been well documented, hence hindering the development of effective interventions to improve the prevailing situation. In addition to assessing the impact of such conflicts on MRH in SSA, I equally intend to identify and appraise interventions that if rolled-out could effectively improve the MRH of people in conflict and post-conflict emergencies.  It is a multidisciplinary research project, making use of both quantitative and qualitative data and research methods. This will involve gathering and comparing disaggregated regional-level quantitative data on MRH indicators in countries that are current engulfed in or emerging from armed conflict(s) in SSA, using primarily the Demographic Health Surveys (DHS, and Armed Conflict Location and Events Dataset (ACLED, datasets of the countries concerned. A corresponding set of qualitative data will equally be collected through in-depth interviews (IDIs), focus group discussions (FGDs) and field studies, where appropriate. Comparisons will be done between regions/areas of the countries; countries of the sub-regions; and sub-regions of the continent.

Prior to coming to PRIO, I have served ​in the following positions and institutions:

  • Research Officer, Cameroon Bio​​ethics Initiative(CAMBIN)/ Council on Health Research for Development(COHRED), Yaounde, Cameroon (March-November 2011)
  • Visiting Lecturer, Saint Louis University Institute of Health and Biomedical Sciences, Bamenda, Cameroon (October 2008 – Dec. 2010).
  • Assistant Registrar i/c Administration and Dean of School of Health Sciences Institute of Science Technology (IST), Bamenda, Cameroon (July 2007-September 2008).
  • Research Associate, Malaria Research Laboratory, University of Buea, UB (Nov. 2005-Jun.  2007).
  • Graduate Teaching Assistant, Department of Life Sciences, UB (Oct. 2004 – Oct. 2005).

As part of the TAMNEAC fellowsh​​ip, I am enrolled for a PhD in International Health at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway. Prior to my enrolment at the University of Oslo, I have studied in the following institutions:

  • 2009-2​​011: Master of Public Health (Health Research Ethics/ Health Policy) - Universities of Pretoria and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, in collaboration with Georgetown University and Johns Hopkins University, USA. 
  • 2003-2005: Master of Science (Microbiology/Parasitology) - University of Buea (UB), Cameroon.
  • 1999-2002: Bachelor of Science honours (Microbiology and MLT) - UB, Cameroon.​


​​​​​​​​I am a doctoral researcher at the Centre for the Study of Civil War, Peace Research Institute Oslo (CSCW/PRIO). My career goal is to serve humanity unselfishly and unreservedly, through teaching, training, research and advocacy, while positively transforming the lives of ordinary p​​eople.


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All Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Chi, Primus Che; Patience Bulage & Gudrun Østby (2020) Equity in aid allocation and distribution: A qualitative study of key stakeholders in Northern Uganda, PLoS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226612.
Chi, Primus Che; Patience Bulage; Henrik Urdal & Johanne Sundby (2015) A qualitative study exploring the determinants of maternal health service uptake in post-conflict Burundi and Northern Uganda, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 15(18).
Motaze, Nkengafac V.; Primus Che Chi; Pierre Ongolo-Zogo; Jean Serge Ndongo & Charles Shey Wiysonge (2015) Government regulation of private health insurance, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015(4): 1–14.
Chi, Primus Che; Henrik Urdal; Odidika U.J. Umeora; Johanne Sundby; Paul Spiegel & Declan Devane (2015) Improving maternal, newborn and women's reproductive health in crisis settings, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015(8): 1–26.
Chi, Primus Che; Patience Bulage; Henrik Urdal & Johanne Sundby (2015) Perceptions of the effects of armed conflict on maternal and reproductive health services and outcomes in Burundi and Northern Uganda: a qualitative study, BMC International Health and Human Rights 15(7): 1–15.
Urdal, Henrik & Primus Che Chi (2013) War and Gender Inequalities in Health: The Impact of Armed Conflict on Fertility and Maternal Mortality, International Interactions 39(4): 489–510.

Book Chapter

Urdal, Henrik & Primus Che Chi (2015) War and Gender Inequalities in Health, in Gizelis , Theodora-Ismene; & Louise Olsson, eds, Gender, Peace and Security: Implementing UN Security Council Resolution 1325. Abingdon: Routledge (116–137).
Chi, Primus Che; Lyn Horn & Mariana Kruger (2014) Risk-benefit Assessment, in Kruger, Mariana; Paul Ndebele; & Lyn Horn, eds, Research Ethics In Africa: a Resources For Research Ethics Committees. Stellenbosch: Sun Press (63–70).