Hilde Henriksen Waage

Research Professor

Hilde Henriksen Waage
Additional position(s):
Professor of History, University of Oslo

Email: hilde@prio.org
Mobile phone: (+47) 971 14 503

Research Interests

Hilde Henriksen Waage's current main p​roject is The Missing Peace:

Few adversaries have been enmeshed in a more vicious spiral of hostility than Israel, the Palestinians and their Arab neighbours. Except for the Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt (1978) and the peace agreement with Jordan (1994) have countless efforts ​by individuals, organisations, large and small states to open up direct channels of dialogue ended in failure. The United States has for years been trying to stop the fighting over the land that Israel, the Palestinians and the Arab neighbours claim to be theirs. So has the United Nations. Why have all mediation attempts between these parties so far proved unsuccessful? What are the conditions that need to be met in order to have a solution that could be tolerated by them? Why isn't there any ongoing peace process? To what extent is third party intervention necessary or desirable? Have the many failed interventions lacked the necessary skill, the political will, the clout – or all three? Does perhaps the power asymmetry between a strong Israel, on the one hand, and the weak Arab states and Palestinians, on the other, explain the lack of any peaceful outcome?​



2005-present: Professor of History, University of Oslo

2005-present: Researcher at PRIO in a part-time capacity

1996-2005: Deputy Director at PRIO

1995-2005: Senior Researcher at PRIO

2001-2003: Programme Leader, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding Programme, PRIO

1992-1993: Acting Director at PRIO


2013-: Bachelor student in Modern Hebrew

1997: Dr. philos., University of Oslo (History)

1987: Cand.philol., University of Oslo (History)

1982: Cand. mag., University of Oslo


PRIO started tracking events online in 2007. This listing is not complete. Past events may be mentioned in our news archive.


Recent Publications:

​2016: “Cementing a State of B​elligerency: The 1949 Armistice Negotiations between Israel and Syria”, Middle East Journa​l, 70(1): 69-89, with Petter Stenberg.

2015: “Mission Impossible: UN Special Representative Gunnar Jarring and His Quest for Peace in the Middle East, ​International History Review, 24 pp, with Hulda Kjeang Mørk.

2015: “Weak Third Parties and Ripening: Revisiting Norwegian Interventions in Guatemala and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, International Negotiations, 20(3): 389–413, with Ada Nissen.

2014: “The Palestine Option: Nixon, the National Security Council, and the search for a new policy, 1970”, Diplomatic History, 38(1): 182-209, with Simen Zernichow.

2013. “‘Finishing the Enterprise’: Israel's Admission to the United Nations”, International History Review, 35(3): 465-485, with Marte Heian-Engdal and Jørgen Jensehaugen.

2013. Konflikt og stormaktspolitikk i Midtøsten [Conflict and Great Power Politics in the Middle East]. Kristiansand: Cappelen Damm Akademisk, 512 pp.​

All Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Waage, Hilde Henriksen & Jørgen Jensehaugen (2018) Å forhandle bort Palestina [Negotiating away Palestine], Babylon - Nordisk tidsskrift for Midtøstenstudier 16(2): 142–153.
Heian-Engdal, Marte; Jørgen Jensehaugen & Hilde Henriksen Waage (2013) ‘Finishing the Enterprise’: Israel's Admission to the United Nations, International History Review 35(3): 465–485.
Jensehaugen, Jørgen; Marte Heian-Engdal & Hilde Henriksen Waage (2012) Securing the State: From Zionist Ideology to Israeli Statehood, Diplomacy & Statecraft 23(2): 280–303.
Jensehaugen, Jørgen & Hilde Henriksen Waage (2012) Coercive Diplomacy: Israel, Transjordan and the UN—a Triangular Drama Revisited, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 39(1): 79–100.
Tiller, Stian Johansen & Hilde Henriksen Waage (2011) Powerful State, Powerless Mediator: The United States and the Peace Efforts of the Palestine Conciliation Commission, 1949–51, International History Review 33(3): 501–524.
Waage, Hilde Henriksen (2011) The Winner Takes All: The 1949 Island of Rhodes Armistice Negotiations Revisited, Middle East Journal 65(2): 279–304.
Waage, Hilde Henriksen (2008) Postscript to Oslo: The Mystery of Norway's Missing Files, Journal of Palestine Studies 38(1): 54–65.
Waage, Hilde Henriksen (2007) The 'Minnow' and the 'Whale': Norway and the United States in the Peace Process in the Middle East, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 34(2): 157–176.
Waage, Hilde Henriksen (2005) Norway’s Role in the Middle East Peace Talks: Between a Small State and a Weak Belligerent, Journal of Palestine Studies 34(4): 6–24.
Waage, Hilde Henriksen (2002) Explaining the Oslo Backchannel: Norway's Political Past in the Middle East, Middle East Journal 56(4): 597–615.
Waage, Hilde Henriksen (2000) How Norway Became One of Israel's Best Friends, Journal of Peace Research 37(2): 189–211.

Book Chapter

Waage, Hilde Henriksen (2022) A Social Democratic Peace: Nils Petter Gleditsch, in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (65–90).
Waage, Hilde Henriksen (2022) From Anarchy to Enlightened Absolutism? Sverre Lodgaard, in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (157–188).
Waage, Hilde Henriksen (2013) Midtøsten - konfliktenes region [The Middle East - a region of conflict], in Waage, Hilde Henriksen; Rolf Tamnes; & Hanne Hagtvedt Vik, eds, Krig Og Fred I Det Lange 20. Århundre. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk (114–136).
Waage, Hilde Henriksen (2012) Proactive Peace Diplomacy: Jan Egeland, in Mona Fixdal, ed., Ways Out of War: Peacemakers In the Middle East and Balkans. London: Palgrave Macmillan (91–118).
Waage, Hilde Henriksen(2009) Fredspolitikk i Midtøsten [Peace Policies in the Middle East] Vendepunkter I Norsk Utenrikspolitikk: Nye Internasjonale Vilkår Etter Den Kalde Krigen [Turning Points In Norwegian Foreign Policy: New International Premises After the Cold War]. : (157–208).
Waage, Hilde Henriksen (2003) Hvorfor Norge? Oslo-prosessens politiske forhistorie [Why Norway? The Oslo Process' Political History], in Motstrøms. Olav Riste og norsk internasjonal historieskrivning. Oslo: (398–425).

Edited Volume

Waage, Hilde Henriksen; Rolf Tamnes; & Hanne Hagtvedt Vik, eds, (2013) Krig og fred i det lange 20. århundre. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Waage, Hilde Henriksen (1998) Norway and a Major International Crisis: Suez - The Difficult Case, Diplomacy & Statecraft 9(3): 211–241.

PRIO Report

Tønnesson, Stein; Øystein Noreng; Are Hovdenak; & Hilde Henriksen Waage (2005) Regime Stability in the Middle East, PRIO Report, 3. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Policy Brief

Jensehaugen, Jørgen; Bruno Oliveira Martins; Hilde Henriksen Waage & Júlia Palik (2020) A House Divided: EU Policy on the Israeli–Palestinian Conflict, MidEast Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Paper

Andersson, Magnus Seland & Hilde Henriksen Waage (2021) The Geopolitics of Syria’s Reconstruction, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.

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