Select a country in the map above or list below to find relevant staff, as well as publications, projects, news or events relevant to that region.


Cathrine Talleraas

Cathrine Talleraas

Senior Researcher

Ebba Tellander

Ebba Tellander

Doctoral Researcher

Eric Cezne

Eric Cezne

Administrative Coordinator, NCHS/ Research Assistant

Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv

Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv

Research Professor

Halvor Berggrav

Halvor Berggrav

Senior Business Systems Adviser

Jørgen Carling

Jørgen Carling

Research Professor

Jorick Jeroen Albers

Jorick Jeroen Albers

Visiting Researcher

Kristian Berg Harpviken

Kristian Berg Harpviken

Research Professor

Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

Research Professor in Humanitarian Studies

Marta Bivand Erdal

Marta Bivand Erdal

Research Professor in Migration Studies

Rojan Tordhol Ezzati

Rojan Tordhol Ezzati

Doctoral Researcher

Therese Sefton

Therese Sefton

Research Assistant



Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Bertelli, Davide; Marta Bivand Erdal; Anatolie Cosciug; Angelina Kussy; Gabriella Mikiewicz; Kacper Szulecki & Corina Tulbure (2022) Living Here, Owning There? Transnational Property Ownership and Migrants’ (Im)Mobility Considerations Beyond Return, Central and Eastern European Migration Review. DOI: 10.54667/ceemr.2022.09.
Gjerløw, Haakon & Magnus Rasmussen (2022) Revolution, Elite Fear and Electoral Institutions, Comparative Politics. DOI: 10.5129/001041522X16316387001621.
Fisher, Kelly (2022) The role of gender in providing expert advice on cyber conflict and artificial intelligence for military personnel, Frontiers in Big Data. DOI: 10.3389/fdata.2022.992620.
Erdal, Marta Bivand; Kacper Szulecki; Davide Bertelli; Anatolie Cosciug; Angelina Kussy; Gabriella Mikiewicz & Corina Tulbure (2022) On the formation of content for 'political remittances': an analysis of Polish and Romanian migrants comparative evaluations of 'here' and 'there', Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2022.2077707.
Lidén, Kristoffer (2022) A better foundation for national security? The ethics of national risk assessments in the Nordic region, Cooperation and Conflict. DOI: 10.1177/00108367211068877.
Szulecki, Kacper; Davide Bertelli; Marta Bivand Erdal; Anatolie Cosciug; Angelina Kussy & Gabriella Mikiewicz (2021) To vote or not to vote? Migrant electoral (dis)engagement in an enlarged Europe, Migration Studies. DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnab025.
Erdal, Marta Bivand (2021) Migrants’ Multifocal Sedentarism: Ambivalent Belonging and Desired Recognition in Transnational Social Fields Connecting Pakistan and Norway, Journal of Intercultural Studies. DOI: 10.1080/07256868.2021.1971167.
Borchgrevink, Kaja & Ida Roland Birkvad (2021) Religious norms and homeownership among Norwegian Muslim women, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2021.1965866: 1–18.
Ezzati, Rojan Tordhol (2021) ‘United through our values’? Expressing unity through value-talk after terrorism in France and Norway, Migration Studies. DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnab033.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Arnfinn H. Midtbøen (2021) ‘Birthplace unknown’: on the symbolic value of the passport for identity-construction among naturalised citizens, Identities. DOI: 10.1080/1070289X.2021.1933827.
Borchgrevink, Kaja & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2021) The afterlife of buzzwords: the journey of rightsbased approaches through the humanitarian sector, The International Journal of Human Rights. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13642987.2021.1916476: 1–21.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Katrine Fangen (2021) A state-centred conception of nationhood? Norwegian bureaucrats on the nation, Ethnicities. DOI: 10.1177/14687968211012567.
Borchgrevink, Kaja & Marta Bivand Erdal (2021) The Necessity of Taking a Loan, and the Necessity of Not Doing So: Islamic Finance among Muslim Minorities in Denmark and Norway, Nordic Journal of Religion and Society 34(2): 117–129.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2021) The Norwegian COVID-19 Tracing App Experiment: Lessons for Governance and Civic Activism, IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 40(3): 66–73.
Horst, Cindy; Marta Bivand Erdal & Noor Jdid (2020) The “good citizen”: asserting and contesting norms of participation and belonging in Oslo, Ethnic and Racial Studies 43(16): 76–95.
Fangen, Katrine & Maria Reite Nilsen (2020) Variations within the Norwegian far right: from neo-Nazism to anti-Islamism, Journal of Political Ideologies. DOI: 10.1080/13569317.2020.1796347: 1–20.
Midtbøen, Arnfinn H.; Grete Brochmann; Marta Bivand Erdal; Mathias Kruse; Kristian Kriegbaum Jensen; Pieter Bevelander; Per Mouritsen & Emily Cochran Bech (2020) Assessments of citizenship criteria: are immigrants more liberal?, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 46(13): 2625–2646.
Ezzati, Rojan Tordhol (2020) Value-talk after terrorism: Articulating a united 'we' and a divided 'us', Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 47(1): 130–147.
Brekke, Jan Paul; Simon Roland Birkvad & Marta Bivand Erdal (2020) Losing the Right to Stay: Revocation of Refugee Permits in Norway, Journal of Refugee Studies. DOI: 10.1093/jrs/feaa006.
Skjelsbæk, Inger & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2020) Pro-gender Norms in Norwegian Peace Engagement: Balancing Experiences, Values, and Interests, Foreign Policy Analysis. DOI: 10.1093/fpa/orz028.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2020) Making it “Easy to Help”: The Evolution of Norwegian Volunteer Initiatives for Refugees, International Migration. DOI: 10.1111/imig.12805: 1–12.
Fangen, Katrine (2020) Gendered Images of us and Them in Anti-Islamic Facebook Groups, Politics, Religion & Ideology 21(4): 451–468.
Tellander, Ebba & Cindy Horst (2019) A Foreign Policy Actor of Importance? The Role of the Somali Diaspora in Shaping Norwegian Policy towards Somalia, Foreign Policy Analysis 1(1): 136–154.
Korzeniewska, Lubomiła & Marta Bivand Erdal (2019) Deskilling unpacked: Comparing Filipino and Polish migrant nurses’ professional experiences in Norway, Migration Studies. DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnz053.
Erdal, Marta Bivand; Elin Martine Doeland & Ebba Tellander (2018) How citizenship matters (or not): the citizenship–belonging nexus explored among residents in Oslo, Norway, Citizenship Studies. DOI: 10.1080/13621025.2018.1508415.
Bergersen, Stine (2018) Communicating Risk: A Case Study on the 2014 Terror Alert in Norway, Alternatives: Global, Local, Political. DOI: 10.1177/0304375418770300.
Toft, Monica Duffy & M. Christian Green (2018) Progress on Freedom of Religion or Belief?: An Analysis of European and North American Government and Parliamentary Initiatives, The Review of Faith & International Affairs 16(4): 4–18.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Mette Strømsø (2018) Interrogating boundaries of the everyday nation through first impressions: experiences of young people in Norway, Social & Cultural Geography. DOI: 10.1080/14649365.2018.1559345.
Brekke, Torkel (2018) Halal Money: Financial inclusion and demand for Islamic banking in Norway, Research & Politics 5(1): 1–7.
Talleraas, Cathrine (2017) Reconciling transnational mobility and national social security: what say the welfare state bureaucrats?, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2017.1408461.
Buxrud, Bjørnar & Katrine Fangen (2017) Norwegian national day oratory: constructing and reconstructing a national we, Nations and Nationalism 23(4): 770–789.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Marek Pawlak (2017) Reproducing, transforming and contesting gender relations and identities through migration and transnational ties, Gender, Place and Culture. DOI: 10.1080/0966369X.2017.1372378.
Borchgrevink, Kaja & Marta Bivand Erdal (2017) With faith in development: Organizing transnational Islamic charity, Progress in Development Studies 17(3): 214–228.
Ezzati, Rojan Tordhol & Marta Bivand Erdal (2017) Do we have to agree? Accommodating unity in diversity in post-terror Norway, Ethnicities. DOI: 10.1177/1468796816684145.
Kolås, Åshild (2017) How critical is the event? Multicultural Norway after 22 July 2011, Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture 23(2): 1–15.
Bygnes, Susanne & Marta Bivand Erdal (2016) Liquid migration, grounded lives: considerations about future mobility and settlement among Polish and Spanish migrants in Norway, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 43(1): 102–118.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Kaja Borchgrevink (2016) Transnational Islamic charity as everyday rituals, Global Networks. DOI: 10.1111/glob.12137.
Fangen, Katrine & Åshild Kolås (2016) The "Syria traveller": Reintegration or legal sanctioning?, Critical Studies on Terrorism 9(3): 414–432.
Bolognani, Marta & Marta Bivand Erdal (2016) Return Imaginaries and Political Climate: Comparing Thinking About Return Mobilities Among Pakistani Origin Migrants and Descendants in Norway and the UK, Journal of International Migration and Integration 18(1): 353–367.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Rojan Tordhol Ezzati (2015) 'Where are you from' or 'when did you come'? Temporal dimensions in migrants' reflections about settlement and return, Ethnic and Racial Studies 38(7): 1202–1217.
Kaufmann, Mareile (2015) Resilience 2.0: social media use and (self-)care during the 2011 Norway attacks, Media, Culture & Society 37(7): 972–987.
Erdal, Marta Bivand (2014) ‘This is My Home’: Pakistani and Polish Migrants’ Return Considerations as Articulations About ‘Home’, Comparative Migration Studies 2(3): 361–384.
Carling, Jørgen & Silje Vatne Pettersen (2014) Return Migration Intentions in the Integration–Transnationalism Matrix, International Migration 52(6): 13–30.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2014) State Feminism Going Global: Norway on the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission, Cooperation and Conflict 49(4): 464–482.
Sagmo, Tove Heggli (2014) Return Visits as a Marker of Differentiation in the Social Field, Mobilities 10(4): 649–665.
Bergersen, Stine (2014) Overvåkning og personvern: Om innsynsrett i teori og praksis, Materialisten. Tidsskrift for forskning, fagkritikk og teoretisk debatt 14(3): 47–65.
Erdal, Marta Bivand (2013) Migrant Transnationalism and Multi-Layered Integration: Norwegian-Pakistani Migrants’ Own Reflections, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 39(6): 983–999.
Singh, Narpinder; Are Hugo Pripp; Torkel Brekke & Babill Stray-Pedersen (2010) Different sex ratios of children born to Indian and Pakistani immigrants in Norway, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 10(40).
Xie, Yuanyuan & Åshild Kolås (2010) Jin sanshi nian lai nuowei sami ren shenfen diwei de bianhua [Changes in the status of Norwegian Sami identity in the past thirty years], Shijie Minzu [World Ethno-National Studies] 2010(3): 81–90.
Skjelsbæk, Inger & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2009) Women in the Norwegian Armed Forces. Gender Equality or Operational Imperative?, Minerva Journal of Women and War 3(2): 34–51.
Ottosen, Rune (1991) Enemy Images in Norwegian Media since the Thaw in East-West Relations, The NORDICOM Review of Nordic Mass Communication Research(1): 52–56.
Agøy, Nils Ivar (1990) Regulating Conscientious Objection in Norway from the 1890s to 1922, Peace and Change(1): 3–25.
Barth, Magne (1982) Military-industrial Cooperation: The Case of Norway and West Germany, Journal of Peace Research 19(4): 323–343.
Løvbræk, Asbjørn & Arve Ofstad (1979) The Role of Like-minded Countries in the North-South Contradiction: The case of Norway's Policy Towards NIEO, Cooperation and Conflict 14(2): 121–132.
Thee, Marek (1979) Peace Research in Oslo, Developmen Dialogue(1): 119–122.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter & Sverre Lodgaard (1977) Norway - the not so Reluctant Ally, Cooperation and Conflict 12(4): 209–219.
de Oliveira e Sousa, Jorge & Ole Kristian Holthe (1973) Le "non" norvégien a la CEE: quel refus? [The Norwegian "No" to the EEC: What Refusal?], La Revue Nouvelle 58(7): 30–44.
Holthe, Ole Kristian (1973) Le "non" des Norvégiens [The "No" of the Norwegians], Esprit 41(428): 463–471.
Hellevik, Ottar & Nils Petter Gleditsch (1973) The Common Market Decision in Norway: A Clash Between Direct and Indirect Democracy, Scandinavian Political Studies 8: 227–235.
Galtung, Johan & Mari Holmboe Ruge (1965) The Structure of Foreign News. The Presentation of the Congo, Cuba, and Cyprus Crises in Four Norwegian Newspapers, Journal of Peace Research 2(1): 64–91.
Dahl, Karl Nandrup (1964) The Influence of ILO Standards on Norwegian Legislation, International Labour Review 90(3): 226–251.

PhD Thesis


Szulecki, Kacper; Marta Bivand Erdal & Ben Stanley (2023) External Voting: The Patterns and Drivers of Central European Migrants' Homeland Electoral Participation. Open Access: Palgrave Macmillan Cham. Migration, Diasporas and Citizenship.
Fangen, Katrine (2022) En bok om nynazister [A book on neo-Nazis]. Oslo: Universitetforlaget. 224.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2018) Helga Hernes: The State Feminist. Oslo: PRIO/H. Aschehoug & Co..
Akerø, Dan Børge; Dag Viljen Poleszynski; Helge Hveem & Per Erik Borge (1979) Norge i Brasil: militærdiktatur, folkemord og norsk aluminium [Norway in Brasil: Military dictatorship, genocide, and the Norwegian aluminium industry]. Oslo: H. Aschehoug & co.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter & Ottar Hellevik (1977) Kampen om EF [The Struggle over the EEC in Norway]. Oslo: PAX.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter & Sverre Lodgaard (1970) Krigsstaten Norge [Norway as a Warfare State]. Oslo: PAX.

Book Chapter

Tønnesson, Stein (2022) Managing Peace Researchers: Lene Kristin Borg and Grete Thingelstad, in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (391–416).
Tønnesson, Stein (2022) A Migrant in the Common European House: Pavel Baev, in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (433–454).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2022) PRIO’s State Feminist: Helga Hernes, in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (267–298).
Tønnesson, Stein (2022) The Peace Policy Maker: Dan Smith, in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (189–222).
Rustad, Siri Aas (2022) The First Steps in the PRIO-Uppsala Connection: Peter Wallensteen, in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (145–156).
Pharo, Helge Ø. (2022) Peace with a Human Rights Perspective: Asbjørn Eide, in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (91–110).
Andersen, Lars (2022) Pioneer and Patron of Social Science and Peace Research: Erik Rinde (1919–1994), in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (47–64).
Tønnesson, Stein (2022) Uniting Nations for Peace: Ingrid Eide, in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (17–30).
Kolås, Åshild (2022) On the Road to Peace: Wenche Iren Hauge, in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (255-266).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2022) Organizing for Peace: Mari Holmboe Ruge, in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (31–46).
Urdal, Henrik (2022) Inspiration from a Father: Johan Galtung, in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (1–16).
Urdal, Henrik (2022) Introduction to Lives in Peace Research: The Oslo Stories, in Stein Tønnesson, ed., Lives in Peace Research: the Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer (xi-xvi).
Erdal, Marta Bivand; Lubomiła Korzeniewska & Davide Bertelli (2022) Becoming Destination(s)? Complex Migration Trajectories, Transnational Lifeworlds and Migration Decisions, in Ahrens, Jill; & Russell King, eds, Onward Migration and Multi-Sited Transnationalism Complex Trajectories, Practices and Ties (IMISCOE Research Series). e-book: Springer (23–43).
Erdal, Marta Bivand (2022) «Kan man se norsk ut?» Om norskhet som en referanse for rasimse ["Can one look Norwegian?" On Norwegianness as a reference point for racism], in Cora Alexa Døving, ed., Rasisme : Fenomenet, forskningen, erfaringen. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget (188–203).
Kleive, Hildegunn Valen; Anders Aschim; Marta Bivand Erdal & Marte Fanneløb Giskeødegård (2020) Når Jesus tar til gatene: Katolske Corpus Christi-prosesjoner i norske byrom [Jesus Takes to the Streets: Catholic Corpus Chrsiti Processions in Norwegian Urban Spaces], in Sæther, Knut-Willy; & Anders Aschim, eds, Rom og sted: Religionsfaglige og interdisiplinære bidrag. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk (47–65).
Skjelsbæk, Inger & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2019) Donor States Delivering on WPS: The Case of Norway, in Davies, Sara; & Jacqui True, eds, The Oxford Handbook of Women, Peace, and Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press (516–527).
Reklev, Linn Marie & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2018) Shaping the political space for resettlement: The debate on burden-sharing in Norway following the Syrian refugee crisis, in Garnier, Adèle; Kristin Bergtora Sandvik; & Liliana Jubilut, eds, Refugee Resettlement: Power, Politics and Humanitarian Governance. New York: Berghahn Books (159–182).
Ezzati, Rojan Tordhol (2018) Grenser for fellesskap: Mangfold og uenigheter i lys av 22. juli, in Henrik Syse, ed., Norge etter 22. juli: Forhandlinger om verdier, identiteter og et motstandsdyktig samfunn. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk (47–65).
Syse, Henrik (2018) Forord: Syv år etter, in Henrik Syse, ed., Norge etter 22. juli: Forhandlinger om verdier, identiteter og et motstandsdyktig samfunn. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk (9–13).
Kolås, Åshild (2018) Forståelsen av 22. juli [Understanding 22 July], in Henrik Syse, ed., Norge etter 22. juli: Forhandlinger om verdier, identiteter og et motstandsdyktig samfunn [Norway After July 22, 2011 Negotiating values, identities and a resilient society]. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk (109–125).
Erdal, Marta Bivand (2018) Å våge å være norske sammen, in Henrik Syse, ed., Norge etter 22. juli: Forhandlinger om verdier, identiteter og et motstandsdyktig samfunn. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk (27–46).
Syse, Henrik (2018) Hva er egentlig verdier?, in Henrik Syse, ed., Norge etter 22. juli: Forhandlinger om verdier, identiteter og et motstandsdyktig samfunn. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk (15–26).
Kaufmann, Mareile (2018) Programming and editing resilience?, in Henrik Syse, ed., Norge etter 22. juli: Forhandlinger om verdier, identiteter og et motstandsdyktig samfunn. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk (177–191).
Borchgrevink, Kaja & Marta Bivand Erdal (2017) The Circulation of Transnational Islamic Charity, in Nowicka, Magdalena; & Vojin Šerbedžija, eds, Migration and Social Remittances in a Global Europe. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan (259–280).
Erdal, Marta Bivand (2017) Pakistani diaspora communities in Norway: Part of a transnational social field for how long?, in Rashid Amjad, ed., The Pakistani Diaspora: Corridors of Opportunity and Uncertainty. Lahore: Lahore School of Economics (197–224).
Erdal, Marta Bivand (2017) Timespaces of return migration: The interplay of everyday practices and imaginaries of return in transnational social fields, in Mavroudi, Elizabeth; Ben Page; & Anastasia Christou, eds, Timespace and International Migration. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar (104–118).
Bellanova, Rocco; Stine Bergersen; Maral Mirshahi; Marit Moe-Pryce & J. Peter Burgess (2017) Exercising Access Rights in Norway, in Norris, Clive; Paul De Hert; Xavier L'Hoiry; & Antonella Galetta, eds, The Unaccountable State of Surveillance. Exercising Access Rights in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer (257–296).
Erdal, Marta Bivand (2016) Innenfra, utenfra og tredjeposisjoner? Refleksiv posisjonalitet i forskning blant katolikker i Norge [Insider, outsider or third positions? Reflexive positionality in research among Catholics in Norway], in Aschim, Anders; Olav Hovdelien; & Helje Kringlebotn Sødal, eds, Kristne migranter i Norden [Christian migrants in the Nordic countries]. Kristiansand: Portal.
Erdal, Marta Bivand (2016) When Poland became the main country of birth among Catholics in Norway’: Exploring the interface of Polish migrants’ everyday narratives and Church responses to a rapid demographic re-constitution, in Pasura, Dominic; & Marta Bivand Erdal, eds, Migration, Transnationalism and Catholicism: Global Perspectives. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Rolandsen, Øystein H. (2016) Sudan: Fredens Pris [Sudan: The Price of Peace], in Mona Fixdal, ed., Fredsmegling i teori og praksis. Oslo: Cappelen Damm (209–239).
Erdal, Marta Bivand (2015) The diaspora meets the ‘development industry’: Engaging Norwegian-Pakistanis in development back home, in Tan, Y.T.; & M. Rahman, eds, International Migration and Development In South Asia. Abingdon: Routledge (44–60).
Carling, Jørgen (2015) Making and Breaking a Chain: Migrants’ Decisions about Helping Others Migrate, in Bakewell, Oliver; Godfried Engbersen; Lucinda Fonseca; & Cindy Horst, eds, Beyond Networks: Feedback in International Migration. Basingstoke: Palgrave (156–182).
Carling, Jørgen & Dominique Jolivet (2015) Exploring 12 Migration Corridors: Rationale, Methodology and Overview, in Bakewell, Oliver; Godfried Engbersen; Lucinda Fonseca; & Cindy Horst, eds, Beyond Networks: Feedback in International MIgration. Basingstoke: Palgrave (18–46).
Ezzati, Rojan Tordhol & Cindy Horst (2014) Norwegian collaboration with diasporas, in Laakso, Liisa; & Petri Hautaniemi, eds, Diasporas, Development and Peacemaking in the Horn of Africa. London/New York: Zed Books.
Montealegre, Jane; Antje Röder & Rojan Tordhol Ezzati (2014) Formative assessment, data collection and parallell monitoring for RDS fieldwork, in Tyldum, Guri; & Lisa Johnston, eds, Applying Respondent Driven Sampling to migrant populations. Lessons from the field. London: Palgrave Pivot (62–83).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (2014) Overvåking under kontroll [Surveillance under Control], in Lene Berg, ed., Gompen Og Andre Beretninger Om Overvåking I Norge 1948–89. Oslo: URO/KORO (7–16).
Burgess, J. Peter (2013) Learning to be Norwegian: Nationbuilding as cultural pedagogy in Aasen, Kristvik, Helenes and Slagstad, in Hyvik, Jens Johan; & Stephen Walton, eds, 'Der Var Ruskut Å Leggja Utpå'. Ti År Med Mastergraden I Nynorsk Skriftkultur. Oslo: Novus Forlag (55–82).
Tunander, Ola (1997) Norge og Norden [Norway and the Nordic Countries], in Knutsen, Torbjørn L.; Gunnar Sørbø; & Svein Gjerdåker, eds, Norges Utenrikspolitik. Oslo: Cappelen Akademisk Forlag (282–299).
Bøckman, Harald (1994) A Historical Sketch of Sinology in Norway, in Weddelsborg, Anne; & Stig Thøgersen, eds, Chinese Studies in the Nordic Countries. Survey no. 3. Europe: European Association of Chinese Studies (57–61).
Tunander, Ola (1992) New European dividing lines?, in Valter Angel, ed., Norway Facing a Changing Europe - Perspectives and Options. Oslo: FNI/PRIO/NUPI/IFS (53–55).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Olav Bjerkholt & Ådne Cappelen (1992) Guns, Butter and Growth: The Case of Norway, in Chan, Steve; & Alex Mintz, eds, Defense, Welfare and Growth. New York: Routledge (61–80).
Agøy, Nils Ivar (1990) The Norwegian Peace Movement and the Question of Conscientious Objection to Military Service 1885-1922, in Kodama, Katsuya; & Unto Vesa, eds, Towards a Comparative Analysis of Peace Movements. Dartmouth/Brookfield, VT: Gower (89–104).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Olav Bjerkholt & Ådne Cappelen (1989) Conversion Effects: A Case Study of Norway, in Dumas, Lloyd J.; & Marek Thee, eds, Making Peace Possible: the Promise of Economic Conversion. London: Pergamon Press (231–249).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Olav Bjerkholt; Ådne Cappelen & Knut Moum (1983) The Economic Effects of Conversion: A Case Study of Norway, in Tuomi, Helena; & Raimo Väyrynen, eds, Militarization and Arms Production. London: Palgrave Macmillan (225–258).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter & Owen Wilkes (1981) Antiubåtkrigføring og strategi [Anti-Submarine Warfare and Strategy], in Gleditsch, Nils Petter; & Owen Wilkes, eds, Onkel Sams kaniner. Teknisk etterretning i Norge. Oslo: PAX (123–150).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter & Owen Wilkes (1981) Etterretningsstasjoner i Norge [Intelligence Stations in Norway], in Gleditsch, Nils Petter; & Owen Wilkes, eds, Onkel Sams kaniner. Teknisk etterretning i Norge. Oslo: PAX (15–78).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter & Owen Wilkes (1981) Forskning om etterretning [Research about Intelligence], in Gleditsch, Nils Petter; & Owen Wilkes, eds, Onkel Sams kaniner. Teknisk etterretning i Norge. Oslo: PAX (79–121).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter & Owen Wilkes (1981) NADGE og AWACS: Luftforsvar og luftangrep [NADGE and AWACS: Aerial Defense and Aerial Warfare], in Gleditsch, Nils Petter; & Owen Wilkes, eds, Onkel Sams kaniner. Teknisk etterretning i Norge. Oslo: PAX (175–193).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1980) Høyt spill om forhåndslagring [High stakes about prepositioning], in Magne Barth, ed., Forhåndslagring i Norge?. Oslo: PAX (75–94).
Berg, Per (1980) Forhåndslagring - hva og hvor mye? [Prepositioning - what, and to which extent?], in Magne Barth, ed., Forhåndslagring i Norge?. Oslo: PAX (27–41).
Lumsden, Malvern (1980) Norge som anglo-amerikansk flybase [Norway as an Anglo-American air base], in Magne Barth, ed., Forhåndslagring i Norge?. Oslo: PAX (41–69).
Lodgaard, Sverre (1980) Forhåndslagring og stormaktsstrategi [Prepositioning and great power strategy], in Magne Barth, ed., Forhåndslagring i Norge?. Oslo: PAX (177–193).
Galtung, Johan (1980) Tolv teser om norsk forsvarspolitikk [Twelve theses on Norwegian defense policy], in Magne Barth, ed., Forhåndslagring i Norge?. Oslo: PAX (177–193).
Berg, Per & Nils Petter Gleditsch (1980) Avtalen [The treaty], in Magne Barth, ed., Forhåndslagring i Norge?. Oslo: PAX (215–224).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1978) Hvordan og hvorfor Norge fikk Loran-C [How and Why Norway got Loran-C], in Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Ingvar Botnen; Sverre Lodgaard; & Owen Wilkes, eds, Norge i atomstrategien. Atompolitikk, basepolitikk, alliansepolitikk. Oslo: PAX (52–68).
Lodgaard, Sverre (1978) Truslene mot Norge [The Threats Against Norway], in Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Ingvar Botnen; Sverre Lodgaard; & Owen Wilkes, eds, Norge i atomstrategien : atompolitikk, alliansepolitikk, basepolitikk. Oslo: PAX (174–194).
Samdal, Inge (1976) Norske direkte investeringer i utlandet [Norwegian Direct Investments Abroad], in Om kapitalets internationalisering. Lund: Nordiska Sommaruniversitetens skriftserie (281–292).
Skjelsbæk, Kjell (1972) EF og den kristne opinionen i Norge [The EEC and the Christian Opinion in Norway], in L. Thunberg, ed., Nordisk ekumenisk årsbok. Sigtuna: Nordiska ekumeniska institutet.
Hveem, Helge (1972) Norge og det europeiske fellesskapet [Norway and the EEC], in Lagerkvist, M.; & O. Kleberg, eds, Ekonomi och politik i Europa. Stockholm: Askild & Kärnekull.
Lodgaard, Sverre (1970) Norway and the Eastern European Countries, in Galtung, Johan; & Sverre Lodgaard, eds, Cooperation in Europe. Oslo: Norwegian University Press.
Bjerkholt, Olav (1967) The economic consequences of disarmament in Norway, in Emile Benoit, ed., Disarmament and World Economic Interdependence. Oslo & New York: Norwegian University Press & Columbia University Press (146–153).

Edited Volume

Tønnesson, Stein (ed.) (2022) Lives in Peace Research: The Oslo Stories. Singapore: Springer Singapore. Evidence-Based Approaches to Peace and Conflict Studies.
Andreassen, Bård-Anders; Jan Egeland; Asbjørn Eide; Bernt Hagtvet; Tor Skålnes; Hugo Stokke; & Bjørn Stormorken, eds, (1985) Menneskerettighetene i Norges hovedsamarbeidsland 1985 [Human Rights in Norway's Main Collaborating Countries 1985]. Bergen / Oslo: CMI / Det norske menneskerettighetsprosjektet.
Barth, Magne (ed.) (1980) Forhåndslagring i Norge? [Prepositioning in Norway?]. Oslo: PAX.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Baev, Pavel K. (2011) Global Insider: Russia-Norway Relations, World Politics Review.
Eriksen, Thomas Hylland (1991) Norwegian Social Anthropology in 1991, EASA Newsletter(5): 12–13.
Eriksen, Thomas Hylland (1991) Globalisation and goat cheese - defining the Norwegian identity, The Norseman.
Skomsvold, Rolf; Nils Petter Gleditsch; Ådne Cappelen & Olav Bjerkholt (1987) Regional-økonomiske konsekvenser av nedrustning i Norge [Regional Economic Consequences of Disarmament in Norway], Sosiologi idag 17(3): 113–130.
Skjelsbæk, Kjell; Helge Semb & Stein Arild Strømme (1977) Det økonomiske samkvem mellom Sør-Afrika og Norge [Economic Relations between South Africa and Norway], Internasjonal Politikk(1): 77–103.
Ringdal, Kristen (1977) Folkemeininga om utviklingshjelp [Popular Opinion on Development Aid], Tidsskrift for Samfunssforskning 18(1): 47–75.
Poleszynski, Dag Viljen (1977) Norsk nyimperialisme i Brasil [Norwegian Neo-Imperialism in Brazil], Samtiden 86(7): 405–414.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1973) Organiseringen av fredsforskning i Norge [The Organization of Peace Research in Norway], Forskningsnytt 18(3): 17–19.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1973) EF-saken i massemedia [Mass Media and the Common Market Issue], Omkring(5): 27–33.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1972) Generaler og fotfolk i utakt [Generals and Rank-and-file Out of Step in the Common Market Issue], Internasjonal Politikk(4): 795–804.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Ottar Hellevik & Tord Høivik (1972) Folkemeininga om EEC i 1971 [The Development of Public Opinion on the Common Market in 1971], Syn og Segn(2): 1–13.
Høivik, Tord & Per Olav Reinton (1972) Norge og u-hjelpen. En vurdering og et alternativ [Norway and Development Aid. An Evaluation and an Alternative], Internasjonal Politikk(1): 31–54.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Åke Hartmann & Jon Naustdalslid (1971) Mardøla-aksjonen [The Mardøla Demonstration], Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning 12(3): 177–210.
Eide, Ingrid (1965) Norske FN-eksperters syn på sitt arbeid [Norwegian UN Experts' View of their Work], Tidsskrift for Samfunnsforskning 6(1): 31–59.
Hellevik, Ottar (1965) Stortingets utenrikspolitiske spørrevirksomhet [Questions Asked to the Foreign Minister in Parliament], Tidsskrift for Samfunnsforskning 6(3): 91–112.
Bjerkholt, Olav (1965) Økonomiske konsekvenser av nedrustning i Norge [Economic Consequences of Disarmament in Norway], Tidsskrift for Samfunnsforskning 6(4): 249–267.

Popular Article

Baev, Pavel K. (2021) What Difference Will the Nobel Peace Prize Make in Russia?, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 12 October.
Sefton, Therese; Kristin Bergtora Sandvik & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2020) Hva skjer med Svenskegrensen? [Coronavirus measures are dividing Scandinavia. What is going on with the Swedish Border?], forskersonen.no, 1 December.
Sefton, Therese (2020) Tensions in Nordic Cooperation, PRIO Blog, 11 November.
Sefton, Therese; Kristin Bergtora Sandvik & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2020) Korona som dobbeltkrise for det nordiske samarbeidet: en politisk sosiologisk tilnærming [Corona as a Double Crisis for Nordic Collaboration], sosiologen.no, 1 November.
Borchgrevink, Kaja; Marta Bivand Erdal & Gina Lende (2020) Viktige, muslimske ledere [Ramadan and Social Responsibility During Coronavirus], Vårt Land, 1 June.
Sefton, Therese (2020) Norway and Sweden: Battling Coronavirus in Two Different Worlds, PRIO Blog, 30 March.
Erdal, Marta Bivand (2017) Hvem godtar vi som «norske»? [Who do we accept as "Norwegian"?], Aftenposten, 14 March.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Mette Strømsø (2017) Hva er norskhet? [What is Norwegianness?], VG, 17 January.
Reklev, Linn Marie (2016) Resettlement in contemporary Norway – lessons from a discourse analysis of the Norwegian debate on the Syrian refugee crisis, Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies Blog, 1 December.
Tunander, Ola (2016) Et Norge mellom stormaktene [A Norway among the great powers], Ny Tid, 17 November.
Tunander, Ola (2016) «Spør Vadsø» [«Ask Vadsø»], Ny Tid, 17 November.
Tunander, Ola (2015) Taushetens diktatur [The dictatorship of silence], Ny Tid, 14 October.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Rojan Tordhol Ezzati (2015) Når blir du norsk? [When do you become Norwegian?], Aftenposten, 8 May.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Rojan Tordhol Ezzati (2015) Evig innvandrer, aldri norsk [Eternal immigrant, never Norwegian], Bergens Tidende, 22 January.
Jdid, Noor (2014) Ufrivillig tvangstrøye [Involuntary Straightjacket], Dagbladet, 12 November.
Heian-Engdal, Marte & Jørgen Jensehaugen (2014) Vi bør følge Sverige [We should follow Sweden], Dagbladet, 6 November.

PRIO Report

Horst, Cindy; Marta Bivand Erdal; Kjersti Fjørtoft; Jonas Jakobsen; Noor Jdid; Per Mouritsen; & Tore Vincents Olsen (2019) Active Citizenship Today, PRIO Project Summary. Oslo: PRIO.
Erdal, Marta Bivand; Rojan Tordhol Ezzati; Katrine Fangen; Thomas Lacroix; Åshild Kolås; Mette Strømsø; & Michael Collyer (2017) Negotiating the Nation: Implications of Ethnic and Religious Diversity for National Identity, PRIO Project Summary. Oslo: PRIO.
Carling, Jørgen; Marta Bolognani; Marta Bivand Erdal; Rojan Tordhol Ezzati; Ceri Oeppen; Erlend Paasche; Silje Vatne Pettersen; & Tove Heggli Sagmo (2015) Possibilities and Realities of Return Migration, PRIO Project Summary. Oslo: PRIO.
Horst, Cindy; Rojan Tordhol Ezzati; Matteo Guglielmo; Petra Mezzetti; Päivi Pirkkalainen; Valeria Saggiomo; Giulia Sinatti; & Andrea Warnecke (2010) Participation of Diasporas in Peacebuilding and Development. A Handbook for Practitioners and Policymakers, PRIO Report, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Carling, Jørgen; Marta Bivand Erdal; Cindy Horst; & Hilde Wallacher (2007) Legal, Rapid and Reasonably Priced? A Survey of Remittance Services in Norway, PRIO Report, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Carling, Jørgen; Marta Bivand Erdal; Cindy Horst; & Hilde Wallacher (2007) Legal, Rapid and Reasonable Priced: A Survey of Remittance Services in Norway, PRIO Report, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Carling, Jørgen (2005) Migrant Remittances and Development Cooperation, PRIO Report, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Skomsvold, Rolf; Nils Petter Gleditsch; Ådne Cappelen; & Olav Bjerkholt (1987) Local effects of conversion in Norway, PRIO Report, 5. Oslo: PRIO.

Master Thesis

Fisher, Kelly (2021) Moving Masculinities: Polish Men's Migration Experiences in Oslo. MA thesis, Centre for Gender Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Conference Paper

Bergersen, Stine (2014) Risk, Security and New Threats: Counter Terrorism Policies in Norway 2001-2008, presented at From Schauman to Breivik: Terrorism, Political Violence and the Nordic Countries, Helsinki University, 16.–17.06.2014.
Bergersen, Stine (2014) Norwegian security- and intelligence arrangements: democratic oversight and EU- cooperation., presented at Security, intelligence and EU cooperation: Scotland's comparator countries., University of Edinburgh & ESRC (Economic & Social Research Council), 06.05.2014.

PRIO Policy Brief

Stai, Nora Kristine & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2022) One Year On: Norway and the Women, Peace and Security Agenda in the UN Security Council, GPS Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Gjerløw, Haakon & Solomon Negash (2021) The State of Democracy among Norway’s Partner Countries in Development Policy, Conflict Trends, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Carling, Jørgen & Marta Bivand Erdal (2021) Religiosity and Home Ownership among Muslims in Norway, PRIO Policy Brief, 16. Oslo: PRIO.
Carling, Jørgen & Marta Bivand Erdal (2021) Religiøsitet og boligeierskap blant muslimer i Norge [Religiosity and Home Ownership among Muslims in Norway], PRIO Policy Brief, 16. Oslo: PRIO.
Stai, Nora Kristine & Bruno Oliveira Martins (2021) Norway’s Policy on Emerging Military Technologies: Widening the Debate on AI and Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems, PRIO Policy Brief, 11. Oslo: PRIO.
Brekke, Torkel; Kaja Borchgrevink & Edin Kozaric (2021) Islamic Finance, Religious Norms and Financial Practices, PRIO Policy Brief, 15. Oslo: PRIO.
Stai, Nora Kristine; Ida Rødningen; Louise Olsson & Andreas Forø Tollefsen (2021) Breaking Down Barriers for Norway’s Deployment of Military Women, GPS Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Erdal, Marta Bivand; Jørgen Carling; Cindy Horst & Mathias Hatleskog Tjønn (2020) Diaspora, Development and Integration: A Review of Policies and Practice, PRIO Policy Brief, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
Horst, Cindy (2019) Tapping into ‘the New We’: Migrant Civic and Political Participation in Norway, PRIO Policy Brief, 14. Oslo: PRIO.
Korzeniewska, Lubomiła (2018) Paying Taxes and Accessing Welfare across Borders, PRIO Policy Brief, 11. Oslo: PRIO.
Horst, Cindy & Marta Bivand Erdal (2018) What is Diversity?, PRIO Policy Brief, 12. Oslo: PRIO.
Horst, Cindy; Noor Jdid & Marta Bivand Erdal (2018) Rethinking the ‘Good Citizen’, PRIO Policy Brief, 9. Oslo: PRIO.
Talleraas, Cathrine & Lubomiła Korzeniewska (2018) The Morality of Transnational Social Security: When is it fair to export Norwegian social security benefits?, PRIO Policy Brief, 6. Oslo: PRIO.
Talleraas, Cathrine (2018) Combining Transnational Living and National Welfare, PRIO Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Bergersen, Stine (2017) Why Communicate Terror Threats to the Public?, PRIO Policy Brief, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Mette Strømsø (2016) Norskhet i flertall [Plural Norwegianness], PRIO Policy Brief, 14. Oslo: PRIO.
Hansen, Julie Marie (2016) Women Building Peace after Forced Migration: The Case of the Myanmar Diaspora in Norway, GPS Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Carling, Jørgen & Silje Vatne Pettersen (2015) The Matrix of Attachment, PRIO Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Carling, Jørgen & Silje Vatne Pettersen (2015) Tilknytningsmatrisen [The Matrix of Attachment], PRIO Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Cathrine Talleraas (2015) Becoming One of Us?, PRIO Policy Brief, 11. Oslo: PRIO.
Erdal, Marta Bivand (2015) How Polish Migrants in Norway Consider Return Migration, PRIO Policy Brief, 12. Oslo: PRIO.
Rasmussen , Joel & Øyvind Ihlen (2015) Lessons from Norwegian Emergency Authorities’ Use of Social Media, PRIO Policy Brief, 14. Oslo: PRIO.
Talleraas, Cathrine (2014) The Unintended Effects of Norway’s Readmission Agreement with Ethiopia, PRIO Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2010) The UN Peacebuilding Commission and Women: What Role for Norway?, PRIO Policy Brief, 12. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter & Naima Mouhleb (2008) International Collaboration on Societal Security: NATO, the EU, the UN and Norway, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter & Sissel Haugdal Jore (2008) The Influence of Globalization on Societal Security: The Norwegian Context, PRIO Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter & Naima Mouhleb (2007) A Presentation of the State of Societal Security in Norway, PRIO Policy Brief, 9. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter & Naima Mouhleb (2007) Societal Security: Definitions and Scope for the Norwegian Setting, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Paper

Sandnes, Marie & Ilaria Carrozza (2023) Winds of Change? The Impact of Non-Western Powers’ Engagement in Afghanistan and the Sahel, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Ingunn Ikdahl; Kjersti Lohne; Maja Viktoria Spigseth Vestad; Anniken Sørlie & Marit Moe-Pryce (2022) Law after July 22, 2011: Survivors, Memory and Reconstruction, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Brekke, Torkel; Siri Aas Rustad; Kaja Borchgrevink & Edin Kozaric (2021) Attitudes to Housing and Finance among Muslims in Mosque Networks in the Nordic Countries, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Bertelli, Davide; Marta Bivand Erdal; Kacper Szulecki; Anatolie Cosciug; Angelina Kussy; Gabriella Mikiewicz & Corina Tulbure (2021) Migrant Political Engagement and Voting from Abroad: Insights from Interviews with Polish and Romanian Migrants in Barcelona and Oslo, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Erdal, Marta Bivand; Jørgen Carling; Cindy Horst & Mathias Hatleskog Tjønn (2020) Integration and Development: Need for Dialogue, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Erdal, Marta Bivand; Lubomiła Korzeniewska; Natasza Kosakowska-Berezecka & Magdalena Żadkowska (2019) Building Trust across Borders, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Erdal, Marta Bivand; Davide Bertelli; Mathias Kruse; Mathias Hatleskog Tjønn; Arnfinn H. Midtbøen; Grete Brochmann; Pieter Bevelander; Per Mouritsen; Emily Cochran Bech & Kristian Kriegbaum Jensen (2019) Citizenship, Participation and Belonging in Scandinavia: Results from a survey among young adults of diverse origins in Norway, Sweden and Denmark, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Sultan Barakat (2018) Comparing Qatari and Norwegian Models of Small State Conflict Mediation, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Horst, Cindy; Jørgen Carling & Rojan Tordhol Ezzati (2010) Immigration to Norway from Bangladesh, Brazil, Egypt, India, Morocco and Ukraine, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Korzeniewska, Lubomiła; Marta Bivand Erdal; Natasza Kosakowska-Berezecka; & Magdalena Żadkowska (2019) Trust across Borders: A Review of the Literature on Trust, Migration and Child Welfare ServicesGdańsk.
Cappelen, Ådne; Olav Bjerkholt; & Nils Petter Gleditsch (1982) Global Conversion from Arms to Development Aid: Macroeconomic Effects in Norway, S-Series, 9. Oslo: PRIO.
Bjerkholt, Olav; Ådne Cappelen; Nils Petter Gleditsch; & Knut Moum (1980) Disarmament and Development: A Case Study of Conversion in NorwayOslo: PRIO.

Report - External Series

Gustavsen, Elin Marthinussen; & Andreas Forø Tollefsen (2018) Norway and UN Peacekeeping Trends, FFI Facts. Kjeller, Norway: Norwegian Defence Research Establishment.
Gustavsen, Elin Marthinussen; Guro Lien; & Andreas Forø Tollefsen (2017) Norsk deltakelse i internasjonale operasjoner 1990–2015 [Norway in international operations 1990-2015], FFI-Rapport, 17. Kjeller, Norway: Norwegian Defence Research Establishment.
Godal, Bjørn Tore; Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv; Mats Berdal; Torgeir Hagen; Gro Nystuen; Kristian Berg Harpviken; Sten Rynning; Astri Suhrke; Rolf Tamnes; & Torunn Wimpelmann Chaudhary (2016) En god alliert – Norge i Afghanistan 2001–2014, Norges offentlige utredninger, 8. Oslo: DSS.


Lorentzen, Jenny & Julie Marie Hansen (2016) Integrating Gender into Foreign Policy, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2016: PRIO.


Past Events

Blog Posts

Don’t Forget the Children Born of War in Ukraine

Posted by Inger Skjelsbæk, Johanne Rokke Elvebakken, Lina Stotz & Ingvill C. Ødegaard on Thursday, 23 February 2023

Over nine months have passed since Russia’s attack on Ukraine. Several of the first Ukrainian women who became pregnant as a result of wartime sexual violence have now given birth to children who were conceived as a result of this violence. More will be born in the coming months. And ... Read more »

Fear and Loathing in the UN Security Council

Posted by Kristin Haugevik & Niels Nagelhus Schia on Wednesday, 25 January 2023

The war in Ukraine has changed the atmosphere and the dynamics within the UN Security Council. The five permanent members and veto powers of the Council distrust each other, and diplomats fear that the war will have long-lasting negative effects on other matters. How did Norway and the other elected ... Read more »

Faith, Hope and a Home of One’s Own

Posted by Kaja Borchgrevink, Marta Bivand Erdal & Ida Roland Birkvad on Thursday, 17 November 2022

Buying a home is the biggest financial investment most people will ever make and usually involves taking out a loan. A mortgage is the usual solution, but it’s not for everyone. Lack of financial resources is the most common reason for not taking out a loan. But for some people, ... Read more »

Drones over Norway: A Security and Regulatory Analysis

Posted by Bruno Oliveira Martins on Sunday, 23 October 2022

Over the last five weeks, numerous incidents involving drones have made headlines in Norway. These incidents include multiple drone sightings outside oil platforms and energy installations, drone incursions in the vicinity of airports leading to the temporary closure of some of them, and Russian citizens being arrested at Norwegian border ... Read more »

Norway and the Geopolitics of Battery Minerals

Posted by Anna-Sophie Hobi on Monday, 5 September 2022

Batteries are as essential to the “green” energy transition as wind parks, solar power, and electric cars. These green energy technologies all require vast amounts of minerals. Norway has the potential to be an important new supplier of batteries, but it has been surprisingly silent on the issue – until ... Read more »

Should Norway Join the EU? Research on Democracy and Peace Suggests So.

Posted by Espen Geelmuyden Rød on Thursday, 14 July 2022

The debate about Norwegian EU membership has gained new life in the wake of Putin’s invasion of Ukraine. Norway has applied for EU-membership on multiple occasions. Charles de Gaulle blocked two applications in the 60s and the Norwegian population voted NO in referendums in 1972 and 1994 despite a clear ... Read more »

Sweden and Finland Entering NATO: Norway Must Now Reconsider the Scope and Mission of Its Armed Forces

Posted by Trygve Borgersen on Thursday, 7 July 2022

Norway is becoming more secure. Not only will the military balance change, but also the geographical situation. The Nordic region is now more militarily capable than it has been for centuries. And Russia is in a historically weak position. Norway was in an isolated position during the Cold War: we ... Read more »

Telenor’s Exit from Myanmar: An External Review Is Needed

Posted by Stein Tønnesson on Sunday, 29 May 2022

Telenor’s sale of its Myanmar venture has been completed. Its new majority owner is Myanmar’s Shwe Byain Phyu group, which is mainly known for its petroleum trade. On 11 May, in their reports to Telenor’s Annual General Meeting, Chair of the Telenor Board Gunn Wærsted and CEO Sigve Brekke spoke at length about the extremely difficult situation Telenor ... Read more »

Should Ukraine Have Kept Soviet Nuclear Weapons?

Posted by Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer on Tuesday, 8 March 2022

It is widely believed that Ukraine gave up nuclear weapons that it could have used to deter Russia from the annexation of Crimea in 2014 and the war of aggression launched last month. This is problematic for several reasons. Russia is using nuclear threats in order to deter NATO and ... Read more »

22 July 2011: Contested Closures

Posted by Anette Bringedal Houge on Thursday, 2 December 2021

As part of PRIO’s contribution to the 10 year commemoration of 22 of July, the author challenges perceptions of justice after mass atrocity that equates justice with law and criminal justice with closure. After mass violence, “the promised exercise of legal justice — of justice by trial and law — ... Read more »

Corona Apps – Going Global

Posted by Mareile Kaufmann, Åshild Kolås & Arijit Sen on Thursday, 30 September 2021

On 8 April 2020, less than a month after the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak was a pandemic, Mareile Kaufmann posted a PRIO blog entitled “Corona Apps – Where Are We Headed?” on the use of digital tools in the “war against corona”, asking what the ... Read more »

Is Diplomacy Failing When It Is Needed Most?

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Saturday, 21 August 2021

Taliban rule in Afghanistan is now being shaped. The United States, Norway and many other countries have engaged in prolonged dialogue with the Taliban. Now Western countries are closing their embassies and their dialogue with the Taliban is on hold. Is dialogue failing when it is needed most? An absolutely ... Read more »

Why Did Muslims Become the New Enemy in Norway and Europe?

Posted by Katrine Fangen on Friday, 9 July 2021

Anti-Muslim views have become more widespread in Europe over the past 30 years, but it is important to distinguish between criticisms of certain forms of Islamic practice and the belief that Muslims are taking over Europe. People with anti-Islamic views wish to restrict Muslim immigration and Islamic religious practices. In ... Read more »

The State and Its Nation-Builders

Posted by Marta Bivand Erdal & Katrine Fangen on Monday, 7 June 2021

Our research project ‘Negotiating the nation’ focused on how different people discussed the nation’s borders and questions related to national identity. Specific parts of this project examined, among other, how «ordinary» men and women thematized national identity, how mayors on 17 May handled the balance between being inclusive but at the same time emphasizing ... Read more »

How Relevant is #StopAsianHate in Norway?

Posted by Marta Bivand Erdal on Thursday, 29 April 2021

Attacks in the USA and reports of pandemic-related harassment of Asians has brought the #StopAsianHate conversation to Norway. In the summer of 2020, the conversation about discrimination and racism spurred by the Black Lives Matter movement also brought forth topics like the experience of adoptees from South Korea. And the ... Read more »

Will the Taliban Gain From Negotiations?

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken, Arne Strand & Astri Suhrke on Thursday, 22 April 2021

In the summer of 2001, a Taliban delegation came to Oslo in the hope of holding talks with Norway’s government. The terrorist attacks in the United States that autumn put a stop to such talks, but the Taliban’s attempt at that time to break out of the “steel ring” of ... Read more »

Does Infection Trump Everything?

Posted by Michael Bretthauer, Hans Petter Graver, Mette Kalager, Magnus Løberg, Kristin B. Sandvik & Einar Øverenget on Tuesday, 20 April 2021

On 7 April, prime minister Erna Solberg presented the government’s plan for reopening society. The plan provides predictability and clarity about prioritization, including the prioritization of children and young people. This is welcome, but the plan also reveals the problematic aspects of Norway’s handling of the coronavirus crisis. The government’s ... Read more »

Antiracism: the willingness to understand others

Posted by Marta Bivand Erdal & Peder Nustad on Thursday, 25 March 2021

Polarized debates about racism can be counterproductive, closing down possible spaces of mutual understanding, instead of opening them. Over the last few months, the debate in Norway around racism has been far more polarized than it needs to be. Many of the discussions are important, like the exchanges around the ... Read more »

The Pomp of Popular Constitutional Outrage

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik, Hans Petter Graver & Peter Scharff Smith on Tuesday, 9 March 2021

The democratic struggle over the Norwegian Covid-19 curfew proposal. Up until a year ago, no one could have anticipated the scope, intensity, and character of the current Norwegian debate on some of the most central civil rights in a democratic society. With the advent of the COVID-19 lockdown and the ... Read more »

Children in Lockdown: Children’s Rights, Covid-19 and the Case of Norway

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik & Julia Köhler-Olsen on Tuesday, 7 July 2020

“The lost generation of the Covid-19 pandemic is not those at risk over 65, but our children and youth, particularly at present here in Larvik municipality. We communicate with children subjected to violence by siblings, threats, mothers who cry all day, children with mentally ill parents, parents with drug and ... Read more »

The Nordic Countries and Sweden: the battle against COVID-19 continues

Posted by Therese Sefton on Thursday, 28 May 2020

This piece is part of our blog series Beyond the COVID Curve. COVID-19 has quickly changed everything from our daily routines, to the policies of governments, to the fortunes of the global economy. How will it continue to shape society and the conditions for peace and conflict globally in the near ... Read more »

Whose Needs? Reflections on Health Information and Minorities

Posted by Anne Hellum, Kristin B. Sandvik, Tatanya Ducran Valland & Marta Bivand Erdal on Tuesday, 14 April 2020

On 1 April, the Norwegian News Agency (NTB) reported that rates of coronavirus (COVID-19) infection among Norwegian-Somalis were significantly higher than among other foreign-born inhabitants of Norway. Hospitals are reporting that 30–40 percent of patients who test positive for the virus are from immigrant backgrounds. The government has now granted NOK ... Read more »

Migrants and COVID-19 in Norway: Five Reflections on Skewed Impacts

Posted by Marta Bivand Erdal, Hassan Aden, Ebba Tellander, Tatanya Ducran Valland, Kristin B. Sandvik & Kaja Borchgrevink on Monday, 6 April 2020

This piece is part of our blog series Beyond the COVID Curve. COVID-19 has quickly changed everything from our daily routines, to the policies of governments, to the fortunes of the global economy. How will it continue to shape society and the conditions for peace and conflict globally in the ... Read more »

Erna Solberg as dictator?

Posted by Sirianne Dahlum, Carl Henrik Knutsen & Tore Wig on Thursday, 26 March 2020

Seen in hindsight: was Norwegian democracy actually in peril for a few days in mid-March 2020? This piece is part of our blog series Beyond the COVID Curve. COVID-19 has quickly changed everything from our daily routines, to the policies of governments, to the fortunes of the global economy. How ... Read more »

Teaching transitional justice after conflict and terror: Cases of Kosovo and Norway

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik & Kjersti Lohne on Friday, 21 February 2020

Kristin Bergtora Sandvik and Kjersti Lohne ask: How can education help to realize the multiple goals and visions of transitional justice, and how can transnational justice be adapted to new educational objectives? This is the first post in an occasional series on the legal, bureaucratic and political aftermaths of the July ... Read more »

“Drone technology has democratized”: An Interview with Bruno Oliveira Martins and Andrea Silkoset

Posted by Indigo Trigg-Hauger, Bruno Oliveira Martins, Andrea Silkoset & Heiko Schaub on Tuesday, 4 February 2020

On February 12 PRIO will host a launch event for the report: Counter-Drone Systems: Implications for Norway in an EU and NATO context. The report aims to comprehensively address opportunities and potential risks, associated with the implementation of counter-drone technology (C-UAS). Together with Arthur Holland Michel, PRIO researchers Bruno Oliveira ... Read more »

What Became of the Norwegian Peacekeeping Forces?

Posted by Elin Marthinussen Gustavsen & Andreas Forø Tollefsen on Wednesday, 8 August 2018

For nearly 20 years, Norway has prioritized contributing to NATO-led operations over UN peacekeeping forces. At the same time, recent research shows that increased commitment to UN operations has a conflict-reducing effect. This year marks the 40th anniversary of the first Norwegian UN soldiers’ departure to Lebanon to serve in ... Read more »

The Norwegian Defeat in Afghanistan

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Thursday, 19 July 2018

The Norwegian involvement did not produce lasting results in Afghanistan, but it did foster goodwill with the United States and other allies. But the negative international ripple effects are serious, including an erosion of the commitment to peaceful conflict resolution, as well as an undermining of international norms and rules. ... Read more »

Norway – The Colonial Power

Posted by Inga Marie Nymo Riseth on Tuesday, 29 May 2018

Imagine this. Close to a small lake, there is a little building. It has stood there for 120 years – ever since your ancestors, who lived off fishing and foraging, built it. Your grandmother brings you to this place to pass your people’s traditions on to you. You go there ... Read more »

The Important Debate We’re Not Having

Posted by Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv, Ståle Ulriksen & Kristian Berg Harpviken on Monday, 9 April 2018

Foreign and security policy impacts everyone, and is therefore too important a topic to be silenced or restricted to the backrooms of government ministries. In general Norwegians have a high level of knowledge on international affairs, not least reflected in a substantial societal interest in the subject. The world is ... Read more »

Will the “October Children” from Afghanistan Get Fair Treatment?

Posted by Kai Eide on Tuesday, 13 March 2018

Is Norway’s asylum policy simply strict – or is it also fair and humane? In the coming weeks, approximately 200 young Afghans – the so-called “October children” – will have their cases re-assessed. Originally these children were granted temporary residence permits until they turned 18. Thereafter they were to be ... Read more »

Peace Diplomacy: Finding Entry Points for Female Mediators

Posted by Isak Svensson on Monday, 3 April 2017

The Swedish Foreign Minister Margot Wallström has invested in a network of female mediators to strengthen women’s roles in peace and reconstruction processes. However, it is not just the supply of female mediators that is the problem, but the demand as well. Where can opportunities be found for women to ... Read more »

Rhetoric as Required

Posted by Pia Bergmann on Tuesday, 20 September 2016

From “the pre-emptive defence of Norway”, to “conflict resolution and peace”, even in the event of “war-like actions”, Norwegian politicians have adapted their rhetoric on Afghanistan as required by circumstances and public opinion. From day one, the Norwegian government has been enthusiastic in its support of intervention in Afghanistan. But ... Read more »

Moral Readiness – Do We Speak too Little About it?

Posted by Henrik Syse on Friday, 22 July 2016

Five years have passed since the shocking events of 22 July 2011. We still notice how these events have taken hold of us. We notice it all the more when similar terrorist attacks take place elsewhere in the world: in Istanbul, Dallas or Nice. We shed tears in sympathy with ... Read more »

A Sense of Community in Times of Terrorism

Posted by Rojan Tordhol Ezzati on Friday, 22 July 2016

In contrast to the impression one may derive from “the debate about the debate” in Norway, “we” – the overwhelming majority – can agree on many points, including the fact that we stand united in the struggle against extremism. We succeeded in doing so in the “rose marches” five years ... Read more »

Negotiating Collective Identities

Posted by Marta Bivand Erdal on Thursday, 21 July 2016

The 22 July attacks, now five years ago, bore horrific testimony to what an ideology of exclusion and hatred, at the hands of one man, can do. Whilst the terror was of such a scope that the moment called for a unified response, ideological cleavages along the Eurabia, anti-Islam, and ... Read more »

Syria Travellers and Security Threats

Posted by Åshild Kolås & Katrine Fangen on Wednesday, 22 June 2016

Foreign fighters returning from Syria have emerged as a looming security threat in many European countries, so also in Norway. As well as preventive measures against radicalization and mobilization by the Islamic State, there have been calls for the withdrawal of citizenship and deportation of returned foreign fighters. This raises a number of questions: Are Norwegians more secure ... Read more »

Norway and Kenya Prepare for Forceful Returns of Somalis

Posted by Anab Ibrahim Nur on Sunday, 12 June 2016

As the blessed month of Ramadan begins, many here in Mogadishu are concerned about the security situation, with talks of increased numbers of Al-Shabaab insurgents entering the city in preparation of carrying out attacks. Driving through the Makka Al Mukram road, considered to be in the safe zone, that is, ... Read more »

Political Defeat – Military Inadequacy! The Swaddling Blanket of Intervention

Posted by Robert Mood on Thursday, 9 June 2016

The military interventions by the West in the Middle East, Afghanistan and North Africa in recent years are examples of bold and efficient use of force resulting in immediate achievement of goals. Saddam Hussein’s military forces were defeated, the Taliban were deprived of their havens and possible massacres in Libya ... Read more »

Assisted Return Not a Permanent Solution for All Asylum Seekers

Posted by Arne Strand & Lovise Aalen on Tuesday, 3 May 2016

Many asylum seekers who choose assisted return are from a country destroyed by war and conflict. More than half of those who return to countries such as Afghanistan and Iraq plan to migrate again. Assisted return is a viable type of support to assist with the return, but is not ... Read more »

The Brazilian Aid Paradox

Posted by Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert & Torkjell Leira on Tuesday, 1 December 2015

While the Norwegian overseas aid budget has been debated intensely here at home, Crown Prince Haakon was recently on an official visit in Brazil, from 16-19 November. Brazil is unquestionably the largest recipient of Norwegian aid, while simultaneously donating aid itself to poorer countries. This paradoxical situation tells us much ... Read more »

Return Migration: Pakistan as a Return Migration Destination

Posted by Marta Bivand Erdal on Monday, 24 August 2015

Return migration to Pakistan is diverse. It ranges from return mobilities of naturalized citizens and those born abroad to so-called ‘voluntary assisted returns’ and deportations of migrants without regular status. Pakistan receives returnees from the Middle East, as well as from Europe and North America, which reflects broader Pakistani migration ... Read more »

Return Migration: Polish Migrants to Norway

Posted by Marta Bivand Erdal on Monday, 24 August 2015

How do Polish Migrants in Norway Consider Return Migration?  After Poland’s accession to the European Union in 2004 and the substantial emigration that followed, return migration was an expectation widely shared by observers in Poland and abroad. Return migration has been modest, however, even in the wake of the 2008-2009 ... Read more »

Becoming One of Us: The Politics of Citizenship in France, Norway and the UK

Posted by Cathrine Talleraas & Marta Bivand Erdal on Wednesday, 5 August 2015

Citizenship and naturalization legislation in France, Norway, and the UK has changed substantially more during the 2000s than in previous decades. In which areas of citizenship policy have changes occurred? And how do these changes relate to the trend of reinvigorating the citizenship institution to increase social cohesion? This blog ... Read more »

The Important Debates – Four Years Later

Posted by Henrik Syse on Wednesday, 22 July 2015

Four years have passed since the biggest terror attacks on Norwegian soil during peacetime. Once again we are solemnly commemorating the dead and expressing our solidarity. The debate about the potential uses of the actual sites that were affected is also very much alive and continuing. But are there other ... Read more »

The Child Welfare Services in Norway and Migration

Posted by Marta Bivand Erdal on Wednesday, 17 June 2015

The recent demonstrations against Norway’s Child Welfare Service (Barnevernet), in Oslo and outside Norwegian embassies abroad, express the deep frustration and fear felt by some parents with immigrant background. In recent years this frustration has received increased attention both in Norway and internationally. The international diplomatic repercussions of this crisis ... Read more »

On becoming Norwegian

Posted by Marta Bivand Erdal & Rojan Tordhol Ezzati on Thursday, 28 May 2015

In May 2015, one of Norway’s leading daily newspapers, Aftenposten, launched a series of profiles titled #JegErNorsk (#IAmNorwegian). One is of Slavomir, who has made his everyday life easier by changing his name to Stian. Another is of Tara, who feels at her least Norwegian on Norway’s national day, when ... Read more »

Always an Immigrant, Never Norwegian

Posted by Marta Bivand Erdal & Rojan Tordhol Ezzati on Wednesday, 4 February 2015

Immigrants have become integrated into Norwegian society with degrees of success that range between two possible extremes: strong attachment and total alienation. In debates about integration, ethnicity and country of origin are often claimed to be the key factors for determining whether or not integration will be successful. Other important ... Read more »

Surveillance Under Control?1/a>

Posted by Nils Petter Gleditsch on Wednesday, 21 January 2015

We cannot make do without surveillance, and even political actors must expect to be kept under observation if they espouse extreme positions. But we must keep surveillance under control. This article tells the story of the information about me that had lain in the files of the police security service ... Read more »

Norway's Tightrope Walk in Myanmar

Posted by Marte Nilsen, Stein Tønnesson & Emil Jeremic on Thursday, 23 October 2014

Are the people of Myanmar able to distinguish between Norway’s role in promoting peace and the commercial interests of Norwegian businesses? Now that several state-owned Norwegian companies have entered into large and risky ventures in Myanmar, Norway is walking a tightrope between peace and commerce. The maintenance of support for ... Read more »

Norway's Outdated Citizenship Legislation

Posted by Marta Bivand Erdal & Tove Heggli Sagmo on Monday, 20 October 2014

The war in Syria, the threat of Islamic radicalisation, and fears that terrorists may recruit Norwegian citizens have sparked renewed debate about Norway’s citizenship legislation. Meanwhile, another debate continues to be forgotten: We call for a reopening of the debate on dual citizenship, as Norway’s antiquated legislation is out of ... Read more »

What if the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to Snowden?

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Tuesday, 7 October 2014

Edward Snowden’s nomination for this year’s Nobel Peace Prize has stirred controversy in Norway and internationally. Is Snowden a (US) traitor or a (global) saviour? Will Norway allow him to receive the prize, resisting US demands to arrest and hand him over? Along with previous years’ nominations of Julian Assange ... Read more »

Refugees are a Shared Responsibility

Posted by Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert on Tuesday, 23 September 2014

A record number of refugees have arrived by boat in southern Europe this summer. Norway should voice its support for a common European solution to the issue of boat migrants crossing the Mediterranean. Last year this would have been front-page news, but now each new arrival – or each refugee ... Read more »

The Limits of post-22 July Media Debates

Posted by Tine Ustad Figenschou & Kjersti Thorbjørnsrud on Friday, 27 June 2014

In times of crisis, citizens and victims typically look to the government for leadership, protection, direction, and order – what is often characterized as a ‘master narrative’. Faced with terror and tragedy journalists seek to comfort and reassure the public, and willingly and instinctively move from their professional, neutral critical ... Read more »

Has Much Time Gone By?

Posted by Henrik Syse on Friday, 27 June 2014

One of the most famous anecdotes about the passing of time is from the early 1970s, when Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai was asked what he thought about the French Revolution, to which he replied: ‘It is too early to say’. The fact that the interpreter has later pointed out that ... Read more »

On Distance and Proximity

Posted by Rojan Tordhol Ezzati on Thursday, 31 October 2013

On July 22nd 2011, I was home from work when I heard a loud blast. It sounded like thunder. Strange that I had not seen any lightning, with a sound this loud, I thought before carrying on with household chores. Half an hour later I took a break, logging onto ... Read more »

The Ethics in Free Speech

Posted by Henrik Syse & Odin Lysaker on Wednesday, 30 October 2013

”This is moralism‘, we were told after having published an op-ed in one of the largest Norwegian newspapers, Aftenposten, in June 2013. This reaction made us even more curious about whether ethics is of any relevance to citizens’ freedom of expression. In our view, the critique is due to the ... Read more »

Public Trust in the State

Posted by Marta Bivand Erdal on Saturday, 22 December 2012

For a society such as the Norwegian one, public trust in the state is a cornerstone. But what happens when that trust is lacking? In several cases over the past year (2012), the involvement of Norway’s Child Protection Service (“Barnevernet”) with families of immigrant background has been the subject of ... Read more »

Norwegians Must Build Climate of Hope, not Fear

Posted by Inger Skjelsbæk on Sunday, 14 August 2011

“Why do some people want to attack both my countries?” asks my 11-year old son with tears in his eyes. He is Norwegian and American, and this summer we are in California with his American family. He has just heard about what happened in Norway on 7/22. Our eyes are ... Read more »

Terror Attacks in Norway on 22 July 2011

Posted by Jørgen Carling on Sunday, 7 August 2011

A lot has already been written about the the events of 22 July 2011 their consequences. For me, the first weeks have been filled with emotionally draining experiences, coupled with debates that I haven’t felt prepared to engage in. Trying to see it all from a bit of distance, beyond ... Read more »