1966-72, 1976-84, 1986-87, 1990-94, 1997-03, 2005-10

  • Type: Internal/internationalized
  • Side A: Chad
  • Side B: Frolinat, First Liberation Army, Second Liberation Army, FAN, FAP, GUNT, CDR, Islamic Legion, Revolutionary Forces of 1 April, MOSANAT, Islamic Legion, MPS, MDD, Military faction (forces of Maldoum Bada Abbas), CNR, CSNPD, FNT, FARF, MDJT, FUCD, RAFD, UFD


Atlas, Pierre M. & Roy Licklider (1999) Conflict Among Former Allies after Civil War Settlement: Sudan, Zimbabwe, Chad and Lebanon, Journal of Peace Research 36(1): 35-54.
Azevedo, Mario J. (1998) Roots of Violence: A History of War in Chad. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach Publishers.
International Crisis Group (2010) Chad: Beyond Superficial Stability. Africa Report No. 162. Nairobi/Brussels: ICG. URL: [Retrieved 23.1.2014].
Nolutshungu, Sam C. (1996) Limits of Anarchy: Intervention and State Formation in Chad. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.
Tubiana, Jérôme (2008) The Chad–Sudan Proxy War and the ‘Darfurization’ of Chad: Myths and Reality. Geneva: Small Arms Survey. URL: [Retrieved 24.1.2014].
Tubiana, Jérôme (2011) Renouncing the Rebels: Local and Regional Dimensions of Chad–Sudan Rapprochement. Geneva: Small Arms Survey.