1965, 1991-1992, 1994-2006, 2008

  • Type: Internal
  • Side A: Burundi
  • Side B: Military faction (forces loyal to Gervais Nyangoma), Palipehutu, CNDD, Frolina, Party for the Liberation of the Hutu People-Forces for the National Liberation (Palipehutu-FNL) , National Council for the Defence of Democracy-Forces for the Defence of Democ


Chrétien, Jean Pierre (2006) The Great Lakes of Africa: Two thousand Tears of History. New York: Zone Books.
Lemarchand, René (1994) Burundi: Ethnic Conflict and Genocide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lemarchand, René (2009) The Dynamics of Violence in Central Africa. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Nigel Watt (2008) Burundi: The Biography of a Small African Country. New York: Columbia University Press.
Reyntjens, Filip (2006) Briefing: Burundi: A Peaceful Transition after a Decade of War?, African Affairs 105(418): 117-135.
Vandeginste, Stef (2009) Transitional Justice for Burundi: A Long and Winding Road, in Kai Ambos, Judith Large & Marieke Wierda, eds., Building a Future on Peace and Justice. Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer (393-422).