• Territory: Southern Sudan
  • Type: Internal
  • Side A: Sudan
  • Side B: Anya Nya


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International Crisis Group (2002) God, Oil and Country: Changing the Logic of War in Sudan. Africa Report No. 39. Brussels: ICG. URL: [Retrieved 23.1.2014].
International Crisis Group (2011) South Sudan: Compounding Instability in Unity State. Africa Report No. 179. URL: [Retrieved 23.1.2014].
Johnson, Douglas H. (2006) The Root Causes of Sudan's Civil War. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Jok, Madut Jok (2007) Sudan: Race, Religion, and Violence. Oxford: Oneworld.
LeRiche, Matthew & Matthew Arnold (2012) South Sudan from Revolution to Independence. London: Hurst.
Lesch, Ann Mosely (1998) The Sudan Contested National Identities. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Madut-Arop, Arop (2006) Sudan's Painful Road to Peace. Chaleston: BookSurge.
Rolandsen, Øystein H. (2009) Land, Security and Peace Building in the Southern Sudan. PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Rolandsen, Øystein H. (2011) The Making of the Anya-Nya Insurgency in the Southern Sudan, 1961-64, Journal of Eastern African Studies 5(2): 211-232.
Ryle, John; Justin Willis, Suliman Baldo & Jok Madut Jok, eds (2011) The Sudan Handbook. Woodbridge: James Currey.