1962, 1982, 1992

  • Type: Internal
  • Side A: Venezuela
  • Side B: Military faction (navy), Bandera Roja, Military faction (forces of Hugo Chávez)


Hauge, Wenche (2010) When Peace Prevails: The Management of Political Crisis in Ecuador, Madagascar, Tunisia, and Venezuela, Alternatives 35: 469–493.
Scheina, Robert L. (2003) Latin America’s Wars: The Age of the Professional Soldier, 1900-2001. Volume II. Washington, DC: Brassey’s Inc.