1960, 1976-1991

  • Type: Internal
  • Side A: Ethiopia
  • Side B: Military faction (forces of Mengistu Neway), EPRP, TPLF, EDU, EPDM, Military faction (forces of Amsha Desta and Merid Negusie), EPRDF


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Hagmann, Tobias (2005) Beyond Clannishness and Colonialism: Understanding Political Disorder in Ethiopia's Somali Region, 1991–2004, Journal of Modern African Studies 43(4): 509-536.
Hammond, J. (1999) Fire from the Ashes. A Chronicle of the Revolution in Tigray, Ethiopia, 1975-1991. Asmara: The Red Sea Press, Inc.
James, Wendy; Donald L. Donham, Eisei Kurimoto & Alessandro Triulzi, eds (2002) Remapping Ethiopia: Socialism and After. Oxford: James Currey.
Lyons, Terrence (2006) Avoiding Conflict in the Horn of Africa: U.S. Policy Toward Ethiopia and Eritrea. Washington, DC: Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), The Center for Preventive Action (CPA).
Mengisteab, Kidane (1997) New Approaches to State Building in Africa: The Case of Ethiopia's Ethnic-Based Federalism, African Studies Review 40(3): 111-132.
Pausewang, Siegfried; Kjetil Tronvoll & Lovise Aalen, eds (2002) Ethiopia Since the Derg. A Decade of Democratic Pretension and Performance. London and New York: Zed Books.