1959-1970, 1972-1973, 1976-1988, 1993-2002, 2005-2011

  • Territory: Shan
  • Type: Internal
  • Side A: Myanmar
  • Side B: NSH, SSIA, SNUF, SSA, SURA, SSNLO, TRC, MTA, Restoration Council of Shan States (RCSS), Shan State Progress Party (SSPP)


Boucaud; André & Louis Boucaud (1985/1994) Burma’s Golden Triangle: On the Trails of the Opium Warlords. Bangkok: Asia Books.
Callahan, Mary P. (2007) Political Authority in Burma’s Ethnic Minority States: Devolution, Occupation, and Coexistence. Washington, DC: East-West Center Policy Studies 31.
Gibson, Richard M. & Wenchua Chen (2011) The Secret Army: Chiang Kai-Shek and the Drug Warlords of the Golden Triangle. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons.
Keenan, Paul (2012) By Force of Arms: Armed Ethnic Groups in Burma. Chiang Mai: Burma Center for Ethnic Studies.
Lintner, Bertil (1990) The Rise and Fall of the Communist Party of Burma. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Lintner, Bertil (1990). Land of Jade: A Journey through Insurgent Burma. Bangkok: White Lotus.
Lintner, Bertil (1999) Burma in Revolt: Opium and Insurgency since 1948. Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books.
McCoy, Alfred W. (1972/2003) The Politics of Heroin. Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books.
Sai Aung Tun (2009) History of the Shan State from its origins to 1962. Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books.
Smith, Martin (1991) Burma: Insurgency and the Politics of Ethnicity. London: Zed Books.