1958-1959, 1963, 1982-1984, 1987, 1991-1996, 2004-2012

  • Type: Internal/internationalized
  • Side A: Iraq
  • Side B: Military Faction (Free Officers Movement), Military faction (forces of Abdul Wahab al-Shawaf), Military faction (forces of Abd as-Salam Arif), NCRC, SCIRI, Al-Mahdi Army, Ansar al-Islam, ISI, RJF


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Al-Marashi, Ibrahim & Sammy Salama (2008) Iraq’s Armed Forces: An Analytical History. New York: Routledge.
Baram, Amatzia & Barry Rubin (1996) Iraq's Road to War. New York: Palgrave.
Chubin, Shahram & Charles Tripp (1988) Iran and Iraq at War. Boulder: Westview Press.
Hiro, Dilip & Craig Tenney (1992) Desert Shield to Desert Storm: The Second Gulf War. New York: Routledge.
Jabar, Faleh A. (2003) The Iraqi Army and Anti-Army: Some Reflections on the Role of the Military, in Toby Dodge and Steven Simon, eds., Iraq at the Crossroads: State and Society in the Shadow of Regime Change. New York: Oxford University Press.
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Makiya, Kanan (1994) Cruelty and Silence. New York: W.W. Norton.
Mardini, Ramzy, ed (2010) Volatile Landscape: Iraq and Its Insurgent Movements. Washington, DC: Jamestown Foundation.
Sassoon, Joseph (2011) Saddam Hussein’s Baʿth Party: Inside an Authoritarian Regime. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Tripp, Charles (2010) A History of Iraq. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Woods, Kevin M.; David D. Palkki & Mark E. Stout, eds (2011) The Saddam Tapes: The Inner Workings of a Tyrant’s Regime, 1978-2001. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Woods, Kevin M.; Williamson Murray, Thomas Holaday & Mounir Elkhamri (2011) Saddam’s Generals: Perspectives on the Iran-Iraq War. Alexandria: National Defense University.