1949-1950, 1961-1992, 2011-2012

  • Territory: Kachin
  • Type: Internal
  • Side A: Myanmar
  • Side B: PNDF, KIO


Callahan, Mary P. (2007) Political Authority in Burma’s Ethnic Minority States: Devolution, Occupation, and Coexistence. Washington, DC: East-West Center Policy Studies 31.
Keenan, Paul (2012) By Force of Arms: Armed Ethnic Groups in Burma. Chiang Mai: Burma Center for Ethnic Studies.
Lintner, Bertil (1990) Land of Jade: A Journey through Insurgent Burma. Bangkok: White Lotus.
Lintner, Bertil (1999) Burma in Revolt: Opium and Insurgency since 1948. Chiang Mai: Silkworm books.
Sai Kham Mong (2005) Kokang and Kachin in the Shan State (1945-1960). Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Institute of Asian Studies.
Smith, Martin (1991) Burma: Insurgency and the Politics of Ethnicity. London: Zed Books.