1999-2000, 2004

  • Type: Internal/internationalized
  • Side A: Uzbekistan
  • Side B: Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), Jihad Islamic Group (JIG)


Lewis, David (2008) The Temptations of Tyranny in Central Asia. London: Hurst and Co.
Markowitz, Lawrence P. (2013) State Erosion: Unlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central Asia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
McGlinchey, Eric (2011) Chaos, Violence, Dynasty: Politics and Islam in Central Asia. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Rashid, Ahmed (2002) Jihad: The Rise of Militant Islam in Central Asia. New Haven: Yale University Press.