1989, 1991, 2004

  • Type: Internal
  • Side A: Haiti
  • Side B: Military faction (forces of Himmler Rebu and Guy Francois), Military faction (forces of Raol Cédras), FLRN, OP Lavalas (Chimères)


James, Erica (2010) Democratic Insecurities: Violence, Trauma, and Intervention in Haiti. California Series in Public Anthropology. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Verner, Dorte & Willy Egset (2007) Country Studies: Social Resilience and State Fragility in Haiti. Herndon: World Bank Publications.