1966, 1979-1982, 2011-2012

  • Type: Internal
  • Side A: Syria
  • Side B: Military faction (forces loyal to Nureddin Atassi and Youssef Zeayen), Muslim Brotherhood, FSA, Jabhat al-Nusra li al-Sham


Scheller, Bente (2013) The Wisdom of Syria's Waiting Game: Syrian Foreign Policy under the Assads. London: Hurst.
Sharp, Jeremy M. & Christopher M. Blanchard (2013) Armed Conflict in Syria: Background and U.S. Response. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service (CRS). URL: [Retrieved 6.1.2014].
Wieland, Carsten; Adam Almqvist & Helena Nassif (2013) The Syrian Uprising: Dynamics of an Insurgency. Fife: University of St Andrews Centre for Syrian Studies.